To get the quarterly effective interest rate, the quoted interest rate should be divided by four thus
To get the annual effective interest rate, the effective quarterly interest rate should be indexed, added to
1, and taken the fourth power thus
( 1 + 0.0175 ) ^ 4
To get the total return, the effective annual interest rate should be indexed, added to
1, and taken to the fifth power thus
( 1 + 7.19 ) ^ 5
Relationship between the effective annual and compounded interest rate
The spread between the APR & EAR is proportional to compounding frequency and to the APR. The EAR will always be greater in magnitude than the APR and will always have the same direction because of the nature of the formula:
EAR = ( 1 + APR / compounding period ) ^ ( compounding period )
Because the EAR is a geometric representation of the interest rate while the APR is the arithmetic representation. The arithmetic mean is usually the lowest, the geometric the highest, and the harmonic in between.
Change in terminology
In the US, the APR is fast becoming interpreted as the EAR because EAR disclosure is now mandatory for most products, but this has not historically been the case and probably still isn't the case everywhere else.
Effective from compound rates
Compounded annual rates are usually the effective rates multiplied by the number of compounding periods.
Historically, arithmetic averages were preferred over their more accurate geometric counterparts because of ease of calculation. When interest rates are small and calculators expensive, this is sufficiently accurate. This explains the strange math behind compound rates, which the US has more or less abandoned.
Now that anyone can buy a pocket calculator for next to nothing, it pays to be more precise with interest rate calculation especially at near-0 rates since a 0.1% error while paying 1% is a possible 10% increase in debt costs.