I'm trying to figure out the relative amount of the payments that are going towards interest and principal each period with a loan in which you pay more towards principal in the beginning and have it decay over time. I know how to calculate the overall payments using the formula M = Pr[(1+r)^n /((1+r)^n -1)] but I don't know how to get the principal to decay in such a way that it all adds up to the initial amount borrowed.

Any help would be much appreciated.

1 Answer 1


Judging from this webpage, BeSmartee Reverse Loan Amortization Schedule, less is paid towards principal in the beginning, so I will describe that calculation. (I am fairly sure there is no calculation in which more is paid towards principal at the beginning. It wouldn't make mathematical sense.)

The standard equation for calculating the loan repayment d is

d = (r (1 + r)^n s)/((1 + r)^n - 1)


s is the principal
d is the periodic payment
r is the periodic interest rate
n is the number of periods

For example

s = 1000
r = 10% pa
n = 10 years

d = (r (1 + r)^n s)/((1 + r)^n - 1) = 162.745

The equation for the balance b at the end of period x is derived from

b[x + 1] = b[x] (1 + r) - d where b[0] = s giving

b[x] = (d - d (1 + r)^x + r (1 + r)^x s)/r

So, for example, for the balance at the end of year 5

x = 5
balance = (d - d (1 + r)^x + r (1 + r)^x s)/r = 616.933

The interest charged in year 6 will be 10% of that, 61.6933.

The repayments are 162.745 so the interest in year 6 is 37.9% of it.

Plotted below are the interest percentages over the term of the example loan.

enter image description here

Related question: https://money.stackexchange.com/a/86499/11768

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