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I'm studying some indicators and I'm struggling with how these tools plot the bollinger bands upper and lower bands. Every source that I've found says the bollinger bands are calculated as follows:

Upper band = 20-day SMA + (20-day SD x 2)
Middle band = 20-day SMA
Lower band = 20-day SMA – (20-day SD x 2)

where SMA = simple moving aveage and SD = standard deviation

However this will give a single value, how do I plot a line with a single value? shouldn't this give one value for each candle? For example, if I have the following candles:

(close=193.7035 high=193.7035 low=193.4775 open=193.5383)
(close=193.7383 high=193.8503 low=193.7081 open=193.7094)
(close=193.6955 high=193.749 low=193.5667 open=193.7433)
(close=193.7578 high=193.7578 low=193.6364 open=193.6689)

Then:

SMA = 193.7237
SD = 0.0253
upper bands = 193.7745
lower bands = 193.6729

from here, how could I plot the bollinger band lines with just a point? (assuming that for the point, X would be the candle index and Y would be the upper/lower bands values, so I'd have (0, 193.7745).

How to plot this into a chart like this: enter image description here

From what I understand I'd need to calculate one value to each cande... I understand this might be a stupid question, but I just can't find an answer...

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  • A candle is just a different way of plotting price. The Bollinger band would be the same for a traditional H-L-C graph or the candle. Sep 21, 2023 at 2:07

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However this will give a single value, how do I plot a line with a single value? shouldn't this give one value for each candle?

Each candle represents a specific period of time. A moving average is calculated using the previous 'n' periods of time. You have to calculate it for each period of time on your chart to be able to graph it out.

For example, if you were calculating a 7-day moving average and had 30 days of data the average of the first 7 days would get you the point to plot on the 8th. The point on the 9th would come from the average of days 2-8, and so on.

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  • That's exactly what I was missing, thanks a lot !
    – Yuri Waki
    Sep 21, 2023 at 12:47

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