Given that you are starting with a relatively small amount, you want a decent interest rate, and you want flexibility, I would consider fixed deposit laddering strategy.
Let's say you have ₹15,000 to start with. Split this in to three components:
- ₹5,000 purchase a 30-day fixed deposit
- ₹5,000 purchase a 60-day fixed deposit
- ₹5,000 purchase a 90-day fixed deposit
Purchase all of the above at the same time. 30 days later, you will have the first FD mature. If you need this money, you use it. If you don't need it, purchase another 90-day fixed deposit.
If you keep going this way, you will have a deposit mature every 30 days and can choose to use it or renew the fixed deposit.
This strategy has some disadvantages to consider:
As for interest rates, the length of the fixed deposit in positively related to the interest rate. If you want higher interest rates, elect for longer fixed deposit cycles.For instance, when you become more confident about your financial situation, replace the 30, 60, 90 day cycle with a 6, 12, 18 month cycle
The cost of maintaining the short term deposit renewals and new purchases. If your bank does not allow such transactions through on line banking, you might spend more time than you like at a bank or on the phone with the bank
You want a monthly dividend but this might not be the case with fixed deposits. It depends on your bank but I believe most Indian banks pay interest every three months