71 votes
Accepted

Company with high match for 401K vs IRA, which to choose?

Max out the 401k. The uncapped match is a free 50% rate of return and no other investment can match this.
Hilmar's user avatar
  • 7,860
57 votes

Can I hire my kid and start a Roth IRA for him?

Forget the Roth for one moment. Having a $5500 deduction for your LLC would be great. Parents hire their kids all the time. To do real work at a reasonable wage. Do you have work that's appropriate ...
JTP - Apologise to Monica's user avatar
54 votes

I'm 18 and have 6 grand. What should I do with it?

A Roth IRA is a great idea. You can only put in as much as you earn (as in, get in paychecks) each year, but that shouldn't be too much of a problem for you right now. You're paying nothing in taxes,...
Joe's user avatar
  • 35.8k
52 votes

I'm 18 and have 6 grand. What should I do with it?

Unlike others, I do NOT recommend putting your $6k into a retirement fund this early. It's a bad idea.1 If you're overflowing with money after college and don't know what to do with this $6,000 then, ...
user541686's user avatar
  • 3,369
49 votes
Accepted

Why is half of your IRA Required Minimum Distribution forfeited if you do not make minumum withdrawals by 70.5 years of age?

According to the link below, it does appear that you must take an RMD, or Required Minimum Distribution, from your IRA at age 70½, or face a 50% penalty of the RMD AMOUNT that has NOT been taken, ...
schizoid04's user avatar
  • 2,735
48 votes

Should I open a Roth IRA or invest in the S&P 500?

Your question indicates confusion regarding what an Individual Retirement Account (whether Roth or Traditional) is vs. the S&P 500, which is nothing but a list of stocks. IOW, it's perfectly ...
RonJohn's user avatar
  • 50.7k
40 votes
Accepted

IRS sent me a letter...I messed up by unwittingly taking money out of a Roth IRA and reporting it incorrectly

There could be a few reasons for this, my first guess is that you didn't report the distribution on your return (indicated on line 15 of your 1040, pictured below), the IRS got a copy of the 1099-R, ...
Hart CO's user avatar
  • 70.5k
38 votes
Accepted

Is a Roth IRA good for a high schooler?

You are correct that if your income is low enough that you don't have to pay taxes, then a Roth will let you avoid taxation at both ends, because Roth withdrawals are tax-free. You are also correct ...
BrenBarn's user avatar
  • 24k
33 votes
Accepted

My company is suspending its 401K match; what is the best thing to do with my money?

Based on your comment, I see no reason to stop all contributions to your 401k except for the following reasons: Your investment choices in the 401k are horrendous (bad funds, high fees) or the ...
Nosjack's user avatar
  • 8,697
32 votes
Accepted

Did I make Roth IRA contribution after the deadline?

You are misunderstanding the deadlines. The deadline for 2017 contributions is April 15, 2018. And the deadline for 2018 contributions is April 15, 2019. The contribution you made on July 5, 2017 ...
Ben Miller's user avatar
  • 116k
31 votes

I withdrew contributions from a Roth IRA. Why is my tax service imposing a 10% penalty? I am only withdrawing contributions, not earned income

I think you're misunderstanding Code J. It doesn't mean "this withdrawal is definitely subject to a 10% penalty", it means "neither of the two exceptions to the penalty apply" (Q - ...
nobody's user avatar
  • 1,878
30 votes

Is there any reason to invest in stocks, ETFs, etc. outside of a tax-advantaged account?

Some thoughts: There's a limit to how much you can put in a tax-advantaged account. Even with mega back-door and other ways to move money around, there's still limits into how much you can contribute ...
D Stanley's user avatar
  • 135k
29 votes

I'm 18 and have 6 grand. What should I do with it?

First, it's great that you're considering these options at all, and that you're trying to be responsible and forward-thinking about planning for your future. I'm also going to break with the ...
mc01's user avatar
  • 444
28 votes
Accepted

When do you actually pay taxes on Roth IRA contributions?

There's no additional income tax burden created when you decide to make Roth IRA contributions, your Roth IRA contributions are taxed at the same time all your income is taxed. If you earned that $...
Hart CO's user avatar
  • 70.5k
27 votes

Why is half of your IRA Required Minimum Distribution forfeited if you do not make minumum withdrawals by 70.5 years of age?

You elected to defer paying taxes by contributing to an IRA. Lawmakers simply want to make sure that they collect those taxes by requiring you to either withdraw the money (incurring a tax liability) ...
NL - Apologize to Monica's user avatar
23 votes

Are Roth IRA dividends taxable?

For a Roth IRA, everything withdrawn is tax free as long as you meet the age/time requirements. You are correct that the contributions have been taxed; but the dividends, interest, and growth due to ...
mhoran_psprep's user avatar
22 votes

Company with high match for 401K vs IRA, which to choose?

It's very tempting to max out the 401(k), for the reason Hilmar mentioned. Remember, though, that there's more in life to save for than emergencies. For example: House down payment Vehicle ...
RonJohn's user avatar
  • 50.7k
17 votes

My company is suspending its 401K match; what is the best thing to do with my money?

It depends much upon your plans for the future and other financial information. My advice would be to make sure you are out of consumer debt and have a healthy emergency fund in place. You could ...
Pete B.'s user avatar
  • 76.5k
16 votes
Accepted

Using a Roth IRA instead of a college savings account

One problem with this plan is that the individual must have earned income to contribute to a Roth IRA. If you have an infant, unless she is the new Gerber baby or something like that, there is ...
Aravis's user avatar
  • 276
16 votes

What can we do when we are stuck in a conservative 401(k)?

401(k)s are designed to provide easier access for average workers to save for retirement, and provide an incentive for employers to provide plans that help by either matching contributions, or ...
D Stanley's user avatar
  • 135k
15 votes
Accepted

Does a Roth IRA offer any explicit benefits over a Traditional IRA?

Your math is correct. As you point out, because of the commutative property of multiplication, Roth and traditional IRAs offer the same terminal wealth if your tax rate is the same when you pull it ...
farnsy's user avatar
  • 15.1k
14 votes
Accepted

Why would I ever invest in a traditional IRA over a Roth IRA

Your confusion is that that answerer is not comparing a $5500 Roth IRA contribution to a $5500 Traditional IRA contribution. Rather, they were comparing a $3600 Roth IRA contribution to a $5000 ...
user102008's user avatar
  • 17.2k
13 votes

Can I contribute to a 401k, Roth 401k and Roth IRA at the same time?

Yes, you're allowed to contribute to both a Roth 401k and a regular 401k; it's fairly common to do so for the purposes of diversification. You can also contribute to a Roth IRA, assuming you're under ...
Joe's user avatar
  • 35.8k
13 votes
Accepted

Is it more difficult to cash in an IRA with multiple funds?

No, holding multiple funds, stocks, or any other asset in one IRA does not make it substantially more difficult to get the money out in retirement. Your IRA is your own investment account and you're ...
Daniel's user avatar
  • 5,330
13 votes

Roth vs. investing a taxable account

With a "standard" investment account, you have to pay taxes on dividends when you receive them, and on capital gains when you sell for a gain. With a Roth, growth and dividends are not taxed....
D Stanley's user avatar
  • 135k
12 votes

Roth 401k when reached maximum AGI

As D Stanley correctly stated, no, the income limit doesn't touch the 401(k), Roth or traditional. And, no, the Roth 401(k) deposit doesn't lower your income, and doesn't impact AGI. The traditional ...
JTP - Apologise to Monica's user avatar
12 votes
Accepted

What is a reasonable rate of return and fee structure for a Roth IRA?

A Roth IRA is just an account wrapper. Inside a Roth IRA you can have a plain 0.1% savings account, or a brokerage account, or an annuity or whatever. There's no rate of return for a Roth IRA. That ...
quid's user avatar
  • 49k
12 votes

Withdrawal from Roth IRA?

This question is a variation of your recent Should I use 3k on my personal loan to get out of debt? From that question, we know that you have a $1000 Emergency Account. From countless articles, this ...
JTP - Apologise to Monica's user avatar
12 votes
Accepted

Roth IRA vs taxable investment account

The three key differences between a Roth IRA and taxable investment account are: Tax on gains Access to gains Eligibility to contribute With a Roth IRA, you don't pay any income or capital gains tax ...
yoozer8's user avatar
  • 9,513
12 votes
Accepted

If I roll over one Roth IRA into another, can I withdraw the full rollover amount after five years?

No, you can only withdraw contributions penalty free. Rollover doesn't change that. The 5-year rule allows treating taxable conversions as contributions, but that's not the situation you're describing....
littleadv's user avatar
  • 174k

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