I know IPO means that particular company, regardless of the country,
is offering some quantity of their stocks to the public via stock
An IPO is an initial Public offering. They are taking a private company public. This is the first time that they are making shares available through a "stock market".
I also assume (but not sure) that in ...
Since you didn't specify a country, I'll answer on the basis of the UK, given that it is a major financial center. Just bear in mind that exact definitions may vary in other jurisdictions.
It is a common misconception that "public company" has the same meaning as "listed company". Actually the term "public company" does not mean ...
In the US, IPOs tend to start trading at the open but due to dotting the I-s and crossing the T-s, sometimes they get delayed.
IOW, it can begin trading when the SEC gives its final approval and the underwriters and their specialists have matched buyers and sellers.
In the case of AMWL, it began trading at 12:54 PM EST.
Broadly speaking, they don't. If a public company needs to raise money, they by and large are issuing debt (bonds) not equity (stock).
The company can always create new shares. The board can decide that it wants to create another 100,000 shares, for example, so there are a total of 1.1 million shares. If I understand your scenario, the initial 1 million ...
They are planning to perhaps make ARAMCO a publicly traded company.
In order to do that, it's practically impossible at the same time to hide the financial statements. People won't invest in a public company without knowing its financials.
So, even though ARAMCO is currently not a publicly traded company, someday it could be.
An IPO has three significant aspects:
It is initial. An IPO is performed by a private company that has promised to become a public company. Buyers agree to purchase the shares and hand over money to escrow in the weeks before the company is listed on the stock exchange. The company is obtaining the approvals for stock exchange listing, if the company does ...
An IPO is an initial public offering. The company becomes public when they do the IPO - they are a private company beforehand.
It's the first time a company is raising money from the public. The public can basically be anyone over the age of 18, at least in the United States, who has the ability to open up a brokerage account. It's a very broad term since it ...
The company doesn't benefit directly. In fact listing and having shareholders is a pain. It involves extra regulation and expense. Trading may drive a share price up on the basis that strong buy sentiment can be seen as an indicator of a well run company. Indirect benefits include:
A high share price helps future capital raising as they have enhanced ...
The IPO's Closing Date refers to when the company receives payment for the shares in the IPO.
If the underwriters exercise their option to purchase more stock at the IPO price then settlement for this is called the Additional Closing Date.
A confidential IPO has to do with the amount of disclosure to the public prior to the IPO. Google for details.
This is a answer from Brazian regulation perspective, but I think this applies everywhere.
A public company can be unlisted, but a listed company must be a public company
A public company is a company where they have public data. A public company may or may not be listed.
A listed company is a company who emtis or issues a security, in a public exchange. A ...
Crucial fact that you seem to be missing: before the company becomes public (i.e. before the IPO), it already has shares. For example, the company may have had 9 million issued shares before the it went public. In your example, all of these 9 million shares will be owned by the founder and co. When the company goes public in an IPO, it may decide to issue 1 ...