Questions tagged [united-states]

For questions that relate to the laws, practices, and products of the United States.

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1answer
75 views

Medical expense deduction when there is no income

If medical expenses exceed your income, is there a mechanism by which you can receive money back when you file your taxes? What impact would trying to claim the Earned Income Tax Credit have on this ...
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1answer
105 views

When two valid methods used to determine step-up in value at death for real estate differ, can one freely choose the most advantageous?

I have been told that there are (at least) two methods to determine the value of real estate at death, for cost-basis step-up purposes: (1) the value given by an accredited appraiser (2) the value ...
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2answers
115 views

Why certain ETFs are popular( liquid) but Options on very same ETF are not

For example on comparing EEM/VWO , SPY/IVV/VOO etc and I always wonder why some ETFs are popular but options are not. I see a question How to pick ETFs that hedge against stock market crashes? that ...
3
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1answer
82 views

Taxes for “on the job” training for non U.S. Citizens and the W-8BEN

The Story: Two years ago two students from Germany went to U.S. to recieve a 4.5 months long "on the job" training at an international company. They each get a monthly allowance of 850$ via checks. ...
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3answers
74 views

Why Options trading is charged on per contract basis

I have been trading options for years, but could not understand why Brokerages charge fee on basis of number of contracts. Per Fidelity : Trade for just $4.95 per online trade, plus $0.65 per ...
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1answer
98 views

why some brokerage does not allow uncovered (cash secured) put via online order?

In past, I had brokerage accounts with Vanguard and I have option level approved for writing uncovered put( Level 4). I could place covered call orders via the website. But to place uncovered put ( ...
43
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4answers
16k views

How can I get a job without pushing my family's income into a higher tax bracket?

I live in Seattle and turn 18 before the year's end, and I'm told my family has an income such that if I get a job and make more than $1000, then I would push my family into a higher tax bracket. ...
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14answers
14k views

How can I support myself financially as a 17 year old with a loan?

I'm a 17 year old Ohio high school student who makes ~$160 a month working minimum wage. I have a $3500 loan (4 year duration) to pay off for a car with ~$2880 left. Monthly payments are ~$80 for ...
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0answers
61 views

Tax return on income less than 8000 USD from royalties

I am a U.S. Nonresident Alien (graduate student in Seattle, WA). I am married, but my wife is not in US. In 2018, I earned ~8,000 USD in royalties. That's my total US earnings for 2018. I have not ...
3
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1answer
108 views

How does a publicly traded company decide when it closes and opens its trading window to its employees in the United States?

How does a publicly traded company decide when it closes and opens its trading window to its employees in the United States? I understand that the earnings result announcement must fall sometime ...
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1answer
417 views

Donation of worthless/toxic assets: How does this scam work?

I received the following spam email (I redacted identifying information to avoid boosting their Google results): We are a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization designed to help other companies ...
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1answer
131 views

Can I hire a CPA after already filing and paying my taxes if I want to see if there were any mistakes?

When I filed my taxes earlier this year, I was surprised to be owing the IRS over $10,000. But, I did exercise a bunch of ISOs without holding them, and apparently my request to change my ...
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0answers
81 views

How do companies listed in the US stock exchages choose when they report their earnings

Do they just pick a date? Or are there some archaic rules governing earning report dates.. Updated from link provided by Bob Baerker. The essential SEC requirements are that each public company ...
3
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1answer
90 views

HSA Based Income Tax Optimization Strategy

A hypothetical individual living in the USA held a high deductible healthcare plan (HDHP) in 2017, 2018, and in 2019. She maxed out her HSA contributions in 2017 and 2018 but did not make any ...
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1answer
72 views

401k catch up contributions for HCEs - can my company forbid these?

I am currently restricted to a 9.5% contribution rate to my 401k due to imposed limits by my company for HCEs (apparently we failed a test last year). My CFO is telling me that it is illegal for them ...
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4answers
9k views

Transfer over $10k

I recently realized that most of my money is going into my checking account where it's just sitting there losing value due to inflation, etc. I want to open a savings account at a different bank (...
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2answers
721 views

Why do 401k up to company match, then fill Roth IRA, then finish filling 401k?

Places like NerdWallet and the FI/RE community on Reddit suggest contributing to a 401k up to the company match (if one is offered), then maxing out a Roth IRA, and then going back and continuing to ...
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0answers
117 views

Does passing an IRS audit with flying colors affect in any way the probability of an audit in a later year?

I am asking this out of curiosity; we will not change our good behavior on tax reporting based on this answer! Several years ago, we had a thorough audit on our federal income tax return (US). The ...
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1answer
41 views

How are percentage of investments decided in index fund like VTSAX?

I see that Portfolio composition - has about 20% technology, 19% financials etc - and there is similar composition for companies. This is a general question for index funds - specific example for ...
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1answer
51 views

What is a roll-over to a Roth account?

I don't qualify for contributing directly to Roth accounts. I keep hearing about roll-overs but I don't understand how roll-overs interact with my current accounts. Do I pay taxes on my money (or ...
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0answers
43 views

Quitting working - where to put 401k money? [duplicate]

My spouse is considering becoming a stay-at-home parent. They currently work and have a 401k. If they do leave their job, and want to rollover the 401k, what's the best investment vehicle to choose? ...
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1answer
55 views

Do I need business license and account to work as a software contractor

I started a software development contract and decided to open a separate bank account just for this activity. The bank gave me a list of required documents needed when opening a business account for ...
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1answer
151 views

Does the federal Investment Tax Credit for solar installations take into account upgrade costs?

I have an older home that needs some upgrades in order to support a solar installation (new roof, 200A electrical panel, and replacing old wiring). Are the costs of doing those upgrades included (in ...
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1answer
192 views

How many Tesla Y are ordered/reserved so far

Tesla Y is allowing to order ( similar to Tesla 3 reservation but allowing to choose configuration). I remember when Tesla 3 was announced there were plenty of information released by Tesla and 3rd ...
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1answer
99 views

Taxes on an NY summer internship

I am a TN resident who will be doing a 12 week internship this summer in upstate NY. My salary is around 2.3k every two weeks. What would this be after taxes? Would my company take care of state and ...
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2answers
378 views

Is it legal to move to a different US state before moving out of the country to avoid paying state income tax abroad?

Today I've learned that Americans have to pay state income tax based on their last residency address, even if they relocate overseas. So let's say you know you will be moving from the US to another ...
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2answers
158 views

Understanding annuities with respect to Term Life insurance

I am financially well to do. I have Term Life insurance (along with high 6 digits in savings) that will protect my kids. I am considering protecting myself and guarding against outliving my assets ...
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2answers
56 views

American citizen consulting for a Danish entity over 30 day period - visa/taxes?

I am an American citizen who will be consulting for a Danish entity from July1st-July 31st for a fixed project with a fixed project value. As part of this work, I will attend a workshop in Brussels ...
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1answer
44 views

How to manage FSA Dependent Care

What is a good strategy to manage FSA Dependent Care accounts. Since the money is "use it or lose it" I want to make sure that I use all of the money I put into that account. The max contribution is $...
0
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1answer
147 views

Sublet my apartment or break my NYC lease with forfeit of security deposit?

My NYC landlord has agreed to let me out of my lease agreement if I forfeit my security deposit of $3,225.00. In the rental agreement I have six free weeks of rent on an 18 month lease. So the net ...
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1answer
72 views

Does creating an Equifax account subject you to additional personal data collection?

For creating an Equifax account, (for use with security freezes, for example), this is included in the Terms of Use: You authorize and instruct Us to obtain, monitor, and compile Your: (i) credit ...
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2answers
80 views

Are non-qualified withdrawals from a 529 plan penalized on the original contributions?

My understanding is that early (nonqualified) withdrawals from a 529 plan are penalized at 10%, plus taxed over any capital gains. Does the 10% penalty apply to capital/investment gains only, or to ...
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3answers
7k views

My bank got bought out, am I now going to have to start filing tax returns in a different state?

My bank just got bought by a bank in another state. Does this mean my interest earnings are going to get reported in that other state and potentially require me to file tax returns in the other state? ...
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3answers
2k views

401(k) cost basis

My first 401(k) started in the early 1990s with some employer matching funds. Since then, there have rollovers, more 401(k)s, and lost records. Aside from a really rough estimate, what happens when ...
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3answers
10k views

How do I deal with an erroneously large refund?

Alright, it's a weird complaint, I know. But I just checked on the status of my refund on the IRS Refund Status website, and the IRS had corrected upward the refund I filed for by a lot. Based on the ...
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2answers
114 views

Can I contribute to my IRA from 2018 still?

I put in my tax filing for 2018 that I had contributed $5500 to a Roth IRA, but due to technical difficulties with my investment account I didn't get around to funding it until now, but it looks like ...
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1answer
97 views

Credits, Refunds & Reimbursements made prior to April 15th for Prior Year HSA Qual Disbursements

Apr '19: I've recently worked w/ my HSA trustee/custodian (my CU) to correctly code HSA reimbursements transactions in early 2018 for HSA Qualified Distributions in 2017. Same for 2019/2018. So we ...
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5answers
341 views

Frequently Moving Money Between Checking and Savings

I'm currently carrying a balance in my checking account, much of which I feel is going to waste, since its not being "invested". The overall total balance in my checking account isn't growing much if ...
2
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1answer
147 views

Must I void or destroy a check after using its check number online?

The online banking system I use to pay my car loans requires checking account number, routing number, and a check number. If I use a check number from a real check in my checkbook, should I then void ...
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3answers
385 views

Should I take up offers to settle with credit cards

I have been getting offers to call and seek assistance to settle with credit cards. I have so far not considered these but have I missed a trick? Should anyone ever consider these under any ...
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2answers
52 views

basis adjustment on wash sale on underlying or option

Transaction1: I bought 200 QQQ ( ETF) at about $160 in Jan 2019, paying out about $32k Transaction2: I sold two calls on QQQ ( QQQ190628C00170000 ) for expiring on June 28, 2019 for a strike price ...
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1answer
102 views

If I intend to earn on the side doing different category of things should I do it as an individual or as a small business?

If I have a few areas of expertise (that can't fit a classification of services/products) and I'd like to make use of those and provide products or services based on those, should I do it as an ...
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1answer
36 views

Covered call on stock held for different periods

Say I have 10000 shares of some stock X. Say 5000 of them were bought 2 years ago and the other 5000 were bought a month ago. These two batches would have different amount of gains and different tax ...
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0answers
75 views

can closing covered call and opening a new coverd call trigger wash sale

In Jan 2019, I bought 200 QQQ (ETF) at about $160 and also wrote two covered calls for June 2019 at 170 (higher than the last day price) netting a small premium. Now QQQ is at about 185 so it will be ...
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2answers
190 views

Am I required to amend my tax return if I overpaid my taxes?

Long story short: I got a corrected 1099-DIV after filing my taxes. After going through the calculation, it appears that correcting the return would net me an extra $13 refund, i.e. I overpaid my ...
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1answer
205 views

Grandparent funding grandchild's K-12 education and receiving Arizona tax deduction

I want to help pay for my granddaughter's preschool and primary education expenses and would like to get a deduction on my Arizona state taxes in the process. Arizona offers a state tax deduction for ...
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3answers
374 views

Do I need to inform the IRS in advance if I gift money?

I live in the US and want to give my sister who lives abroad a large amount of money to help her buy a house. I understand I will need to declare that amount which will be deducted by the amount that ...
4
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1answer
51 views

401k Rollover with TSP

I have been researching what do with a an old 401k and there is a lot of information on the pros and cons of rolling it over into a new 401k plan versus an IRA. I also have a TSP account with a small ...
0
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1answer
65 views

IRS e-file Error Messaging

The following is the error code sent back saying they were unable to process my return due to these error: "Taxpayer TIN in the Return Header must not be the same as a TIN of a previously accepted ...
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2answers
110 views

German Nationality, working for US company but living in Germany

I studied in the USA for 4 years and started working as a Software engineer in the USA. Now I was wondering if I could work full time remote from Germany for the same US company. After some research ...