Questions tagged [taxes]

For any question related to taxes and not otherwise covered by a more specific tag such as income-tax, sales-tax, capital-gains-tax etc. When asking about taxes, please also specify a country tag such as united-states, canada, united-kingdom, etc.

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51
votes
4answers
7k views

Recent graduate with new job: Choose Roth 401(k), or traditional 401(k)?

I just graduated, and I'm starting a new job soon. My employer has pretty good policy for matching 401(k) contributions, so I want to invest as much as possible, especially during this first year. My ...
7
votes
1answer
91k views

Money transfer from India to USA

My daughter is a US Citizen. We (parents)are also planning to permanently settle in US. We will go their as Permanent Resident,as per US Law. We have a house here in India worth Rs.2 Crores. We want ...
4
votes
1answer
491 views

Tax on money withdrawn from Roth 401(k) and Roth IRA when living outside the United States and over 59.5-year-old

I am over 59.5 year-old and live in the United States. I contributed to Roth 401(k) as well as Roth IRA. Money withdrawn from Roth 401(k) or Roth IRA is not taxed in the United States as I am over 59....
18
votes
3answers
12k views

How should I handle taxes for Minecraft server donations?

I run a Minecraft server and there is a donation button so players can help support the costs. I pay out of pocket for the rest, it's $125/mo. The money they donate goes right to paypal which is ...
2
votes
3answers
249 views

At what time do you have to pay capital gains taxes in the US to avoid any penalties?

Let's say someone just sold some stock and their total gains on that stock were $5,000. At what time do they have to cut the U.S. government a check to pay the taxes on this gain? Let me clarify: I'...
6
votes
3answers
13k views

Are non-US citizens trading on US stocks/options subject to tax?

I'm a non-US citizen, and not residing in US, who uses an online brokerage firm to trade US stocks and options. Are my capital gains (short term and long term) and dividends subject to taxes? If yes, ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

“Cap gains exposure” of an ETF — what does it mean?

Morningstar provides an ETF data point called potential cap gains exposure. For example, here is Vanguard's Europe ETF (VGK): This value is negative 78% for VGK. I understand that this is a good ...
7
votes
2answers
15k views

Are tax federal or state tax refunds taxable in the next tax year?

If I get a refund from IRS and or from a state tax agency, will that refund be considered taxable income for the next year's federal or state income taxes?
33
votes
12answers
9k views

Case against home ownership? High income, no home, don't necessarily want one

All numbers are in USD and my tax situation pertains to US taxes. I am at a crossroads and am seeking help. I am a single man who has always made a good living and generally enjoy my life as I please. ...
45
votes
12answers
32k views

Why do Americans have to file taxes, even if their only source of income is from a regular job?

I live in Europe (Czech Republic) and as long as employment is my primary source of income I don't need to file any taxes on my own, as the company's accounting department will do that for me by ...
23
votes
3answers
140k views

If I leave my job, what happens to my flexible spending account?

I am about to decide how much money to set aside for my 2013 Flexible Spending Account (FSA). (The max this year is $2500.) But I am wondering what happens if I switch employers during the year. Does ...
15
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2answers
30k views

ITIN Application - IRS requesting original passport

I have filed joint tax return for 2012 tax year. My wife is not eligible for SSN (she's on H4 visa) so we included the W7 form (application for ITIN) into the package. This year the rules became more ...
33
votes
5answers
3k views

Pros/Cons of a Health Savings Account (HSA) in the USA?

I am wanting to know the real benefits or pros/cons of a HSA in the USA. I have now been given the option of signing up for one due to healthcare changes. I understand some of the basics, but after ...
6
votes
1answer
610 views

Wash sale rule + Mutual Funds/ETFs?

According to IRS rules, you can't sell a security, take a capital loss on your taxes, and then buy back the same or a "substantially identical" security within 30 days. However, "substantially ...
5
votes
4answers
931 views

Can a regular salaried (w2) employee opt to pay quarterly taxes?

As a consultant, I got used to paying quarterly taxes. Now that I'm a regular w2 salaried employee, I'm subject to normal withholding on each pay statement. I would like to keep making exact quarterly ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

What do the components of the taxable income in the Schedule D Tax Worksheet mean?

The Schedule D tax worksheet calculates the tax on the taxable income by first decomposing the taxable income in line 1 into lines 19, 20, 28, 31, 37 and 40, then taxing on them at different tax ...
0
votes
1answer
215 views

How would I need to prove to the IRS I paid foreign taxes if I take the Foreign Earned Income Exclusion?

I'm a US citizen (I have no other citizenships) who's been living in Ukraine for several years. I've passed the 330 days out of US test. I have a permanent Ukrainian residency permit, and I'm married ...
19
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2answers
3k views

Which year to use to pay US taxes on business income that was invoiced in December but paid in January?

I was paid a few hundred dollars to review a few textbooks. I submitted an invoice in Dec 2016, and received payment in Jan 2017. When I pay taxes on this income, does that count towards 2016 or 2017? ...
3
votes
1answer
549 views

Adult sibling - dependant or tenant?

My spouse and I own our house (about a decade or so left on the mortgage, will be paid off early). My sibling lives nearby, renting an apartment. Rent is rather high in this area, and we've talked ...
2
votes
1answer
888 views

Deduct Health Care Premiums for Family When Employer Only Pays for Me

My employer offers insurance coverage, pays a substantial amount for me, but pays nothing for my spouse or my children. The difference in cost is around $127/month for myself and $1,330/month if I ...
1
vote
1answer
128 views

How to handle a stimulus check that was never deposited?

When the first two stimulus checks were issued I received physical checks for $1200 and $600. For various reasons, these checks were never deposited or cashed in any way. Now I'm trying to do my ...
51
votes
2answers
11k views

Can I hire my kid and start a Roth IRA for him?

I own an LLC, of which I am currently the sole member. It's my main source of income. I am wondering if there is a reason why I could not do the following: Hire my child as a part-time employee of ...
33
votes
1answer
4k views

When I sell only a portion of my shares of a stock, which shares actually get sold

Two years ago, I bought 100 shares of XYZ. Yesterday, I bought another 100 shares of XYZ. Today, I sold 100 shares of XYZ. Which 100 shares did I actually sell? If it were the 100 shares from 2 ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Post Tax 401k or Taxable Brokerage Account?

I max out my pre-tax 401k, HSA, and do a roth IRA or backdoor Roth IRA. With my additional savings is there any reason i would want to do a post-tax 401k instead of keeping it in a regular taxable ...
7
votes
1answer
290 views

New to working as an independent contractor, what do?

I'm already in the independent contractor boat. So my next steps are to learn how to pay quarterly IRS payments (fun). Should I just follow the form or do I need to use a software tool to better ...
1
vote
2answers
5k views

How do you declare an interest free loan?

In the discussion around this question about gift tax it was said that a loan must be at market rate, or it is not considered a loan. Respecting the wisdom of the people who said that, I'm unclear ...
20
votes
6answers
46k views

Why do companies have a fiscal year different from the calendar year?

There are many companies that have their year end occur on dates other than December 31. What are the advantages to this?
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Determining the minimum dividend that should be paid from my S corporation

I am the sole shareholder and only employee of an S corporation. I understand that all profits of the corporation are passed through and taxed as income to me. I also understand that all dividends ...
8
votes
2answers
615 views

What's the point of tax tables?

Every year, the IRS and equivalent state organizations publish pages upon pages of tax tables. This year the federal one comprises 13 pages, but of course that only handles taxable incomes of up to $...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

American living abroad and not working for an American company - tax reporting and bank accounts

I hope this question is appropriate for SE Money but based on this one I think it is U.S. citizen, working for U.S. company, living in Mexico: Where do I pay taxes? If you are an American citizen not ...
4
votes
2answers
8k views

FICA was not withheld from my paycheck

Hello personal finance, I was filing my taxes for 2016 and I just found out that I transitioned from Non-Resident-Alien to Resident Alien around September last year by passing substantial presence ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

I have $20k of imaginary gains from trading last year due to wash sale rules. Should/can I take mark to market?

I have traded for most of the year while I work at my full time job as a software developer. I am using it to augment my income. I like working in academia but it just doesn't pay that well! I started ...
13
votes
5answers
4k views

Is the money that you get back from deposits or rebates taxable?

Please help me understand if the following two items are taxable or if they should be included at all on the tax report: Rent deposit. A few years ago, when I moved in my previous apartment I put a ...
10
votes
2answers
8k views

Graduate student stipend 1099-misc taxes seem to be coming out too high. Am I doing something wrong?

I am a graduate student and I receive a stipend that pays my living expenses, through a national fellowship that I was awarded. The fellowship never withholds taxes of any kind, and so I have been ...
9
votes
1answer
491 views

Convert Traditional IRA to Roth IRA when income limits are not satisfied by Roth IRA?

Our household MAGI (Modified Adjusted Gross Income) does not allow us to contribute the full amount to a Roth IRA for 2010. In that case is converting some part of Traditional IRA to Roth to complete ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Do Americans working overseas pay state taxes?

I've been reading some questions about Americans paying taxes to the US while living and working overseas. I've also been looking around at some linked websites, but I haven't seen anything regarding ...
8
votes
2answers
500 views

401(k) failed the highly compensated employee test, will I owe penalties on my excess contributions?

Normally the max you can contribute to a 401(k) is $18,000, which I did. But I guess there's some sort of top-heavy test or highly compensated employee test or some such that my company failed so now ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Do I include small amounts of interest on my taxes if they didn't send a 1099-INT?

One of my bank accounts earned $1.50 for the entire year. Because the amount is under $10 they did not send a 1099-INT form. Is this bank policy or IRS policy? Does that $1.50 need to be reported? ...
6
votes
2answers
925 views

How is federal tax withholding calculated per paycheck?

I just started at a new company and received my first paycheck. It included a signing bonus, which of course made the paycheck much higher than a normal one will be. The fed withholding amount on the ...
4
votes
1answer
304 views

Tax implications of non-US person family member gifting big amount of money to US resident

Let's say person A is person B's dad. Person A lives in Europe and is not in any way a US citizen/resident etc... Person B is a US resident (is there a difference between citizen and just a resident?)....
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Am I eligible for a refund of Social Security and Medicare taxes for when I was on an F-1 visa?

This question is for a friend. They came to the United States as a student in 2009 on OPT/F-1 visa. In November of 2011 they started to work for the Department of Defense as a teacher. They had Social ...
2
votes
2answers
289 views

How are withdrawals from traditional IRA taxed?

For a traditional IRA, any contribution is deductible for federal tax. When a withdrawal from the account, how is it taxed? Are different parts of a withdrawal taxed differently: the original ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Difficult time understanding 1040-ES and Late Payments Penalties

I've spent the entire day trying to figure out how 1040-ES's work. If you make quarterly payments of Estimated Taxes, do you also file the regular 1040 on April of following year? Turbo Tax states ...
2
votes
2answers
144 views

Taxes on selling shares bought over a period of time

If I bought shares of stock abc over a period of time for example: 50 shares @ $100 1 year ago (long term capital gains) 20 shares @ $120 2 months ago (short term capital gains) Today the price is $...
182
votes
6answers
42k views

Found a heap of BTC but have no documentation. What do I do?

Many years ago, I bought around 400 BTC for a few hundred dollars (?) and stored them in a hard drive. Shortly after that, I lost this hard drive, wrote it off as an "Oh well" and didn't think ...
78
votes
4answers
14k views

The USA “self-employment tax dodge” mystery

For non-US readers: In the US, for those who are self-employed, there are many specific taxes. One particular tax is the confusingly named "The Self-Employment Tax". Thus, if you are self-employed, ...
13
votes
2answers
110k views

Will I have to pay taxes in India when I transfer money from a US bank to an Indian savings account?

I am currently in US, and would like to transfer some amount from my US Bank account to a savings account based in India on a monthly basis through a third party like Xoom or Transfast. If I'm going ...
47
votes
12answers
31k views

How much more than my mortgage should I charge for rent?

We're considering moving at some point in the future, and right now we have a mortgage on our home. So far we've been here about 3 years, and we're considering renting out our home. Obviously there ...
38
votes
6answers
5k views

How can I adjust tax withholding so that I don't get a large Tax Refund?

I'm a few years out of college now. I've filled out my W4 accurately and I still get a tax refund every year of a pretty sizable sum. The thing is, I have student loans and I would much rather have ...
15
votes
2answers
42k views

How to determine contractor hourly rate and employee salary equivalents?

I am aware of the general differences between being an employee and being an independent contractor. However, I am unable to easily compare the two when it comes to after-tax compensation. Company A:...

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