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Questions tagged [tax-deduction]

To be used for any question related to tax deductions.

2
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1answer
104 views

Can one deduct lawyer consult fee less than $1000 for ex-employer's threat letter related to confidentiality in 2018 taxes?

Someone I know paid around $1000 last year to consult lawyers regarding a threatening letter from a former employer related to company confidential information where they threatened lawsuit and ...
22
votes
6answers
6k views

Is the Standard Deduction better than Itemized when both are the same amount?

For 2018 the standard deduction is $12,000 for individuals, $24,000 per household. If someone's itemized deductions equals the standard deduction, or is very close, which one is better to take? For ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Can an IRA contribution be made on the same date of the tax deadline and still count for that tax submission?

The deadline for taxes and IRA contributions for FY2018 in USA is April 15, 2019. If I haven't made a contribution yet for FY2018, can I go to a bank on Monday, April 15, 2019 and make a contribution ...
6
votes
2answers
487 views

In the U.S., can I deduct coffee as an expense if I am a self-employed software developer?

I work in coffee shops every day as I develop. Coffee shops have an unwritten (sometimes written) rule that you cannot use their wifi, power, and bathrooms without buying something. Because of that I ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Can a full time employee who also owns a side LLC claim “self-employed” deductions?

I am working full time for a corporation in NYC (I have w2). I also own my own side Educational LLC (EdTech) which has claimed $0.00 in income for 2018, but has accrued several thousand in startup ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Can a nonresident alien claim the NY State Standard Deduction (2018)?

Can a nonresident alien (Form 1040-NR-EZ) claim the NY State standard deduction or does he/she need to claim itemized deduction (like on the federal return)?
4
votes
1answer
128 views

Tax preparer for my parents claiming me as a dependent

My parents run a family farm, and use a professional accountant to keep track of the business, and also prepare their taxes. However, he (the accountant) wants me to amend my tax return so my parents ...
5
votes
3answers
203 views

Are out of pocket hotel expenses deductible in this case?

My wife and I both have professional jobs and make pretty good money. My wife also got a part time job (W-2) at a ski resort this winter, mostly for fun, and was paid hardly anything (and only worked ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Are tax years 2016 & 2017 back taxes deductible for tax year 2018?

If someone, in 2018, pays taxes, including interest and penalties, owed for tax years 2016 and 2017, then can that person claim a deduction for the paid taxes, only the original amount and no the ...
3
votes
0answers
95 views

Expenses deducted on tax return with no proof. What should I do if I get audited?

I just filed my tax return for the 2018 tax year (NETFILE, with StudioTax). I work 100% at home, and I rent the place from a landlord. According to an agent of the Canada Revenue Agency, I am allowed ...
-3
votes
4answers
568 views

Standard deduction V. mortgage interest deduction - is it basically only for the rich?

In the USA experience: I find the whole "mortgage interest deduction V. standard deduction" issue confusing. Here's how I understand it: Everyone gets a $24,000 deduction. Great so far. If you like,...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

Using the gift exception to get more money to charity

Like most middle class families after the 2018 tax code changes, even with a mortgage I'm very far from being able to itemize. Looking at how to optimally give to charity, it seems like a shame to not ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

If you take the standard tax deduction, can you still claim the Child Tax Credit?

If you take the standard tax deduction, can you still claim the Child Tax Credit? I can't find the answer with Google.
4
votes
1answer
91 views

Sold wall map as fundraiser for a 501c3 non-profit. Need to report on tax returns? How?

In my spare time outside of my full time job, I produced a wall map for as a fundraiser for a 501c3-registered non-profit organization. I then sold the maps via FundRazr.com and money from sales was ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

How do Rent Concessions affect the DC Renter Tax Credit?

I live in a rent-controlled apartment in Washington DC, and my landlord engages in a scheme to get around Washington DC’s rent control laws. How it works is that my nominal rent is $2000, but I get a ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Tax Return Married NRA: Is Glacier Tax Prep fill the 1040NR out correctly?

I am an F1 student (NRA) and Married. Based on the new 1040NR(-EZ) instruction a married NRA cannot claim more than $5,000 deduction (1040NR Instruction). Glacier Tax Prep is a software provided to ...
1
vote
5answers
255 views

Are cash contributions to my church tax deductible?

Last year I contributed to the offering in church every week. I have few questions regarding this. I am not that rich, so I contribute whatever cash I have in my wallet. Can I enter this amount on my ...
3
votes
0answers
43 views

Can I deduct mileage if I'm a contractor who works at home and at an office?

I am a contractor and get a 1099. I perform some work at home, but much of my work is done at the office of the company I contracted with, and I drive to and from this office several times a week. ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

How to claim motor vehicle expenses on taxes with incomplete information?

I am currently doing my sister's taxes, as stated in a previous post. She started working at this new job in May and her previous work was done at one single office location, hence she is not eligible ...
3
votes
2answers
151 views

Why is it mandatory to depreciate a rental property?

I don't understand why an investor is forced to depreciate a rental property. In many cases (say for an investor with one rental unit only) the depreciation amount is less than the standard deduction ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Should I pay off my home mortgage due to TCJA cutting SALT deductions?

Definition Under prior law, in addition to being allowed to deduct 100% of state and local income (or sales) taxes, homeowners could deduct 100% of their state and local personal property taxes. ...
1
vote
3answers
359 views

How can a $10M deduction be worth $4-5M to a wealthy taxpayer?

I have a question about an answer that I read on Reddit's r/eli5 (Explain like I'm five) subreddit. The question was "How do rich people use tax donations as write-offs to save money? Wouldn't it be ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

In the US, is cancer medication (for a parent living in South America), tax-deductible?

The cancer medication of my parent costs 10,000 USD a month. I would like to pay for this, but I wouldn't have enough money to live off of myself. I was wondering, would the expense would be tax ...
19
votes
2answers
3k views

Should I choose Itemized or Standard deduction?

I see I am saving more when I choose Itemized deduction, even though its less than standard deduction. Is that normal? And in this case should I choose itemized and disregard recommendation of Turbo ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

1098-T with scholarship listed this year 2018 as “billed” but tuition was reported on 2017 year's 1098-T as “paid”

This is very confusing. I'm required to report the Tuition and Scholarship from my 1098-T. I paid the full year's tuition in 2017 (fall and spring 2018) so no Tuition was billed for 2018 (well ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

How to deduct subway commuting and rent as a part-time remote contractor on a 1099-MISC?

I am working on a 1099-MISC as a consultant to a tech company. As an independent contractor, I decide the locations from where I provide my services. Most of the time, I am on site at the business ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Calculating Interest Paid for Federal Deduction on a UK Student Loan

My spouse has a UK student loan. The loan has a 1.5% interest rate, and you only start repayments once you earn over a certain threshold. They do a calculation of how much you need to repay which I ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

Can you claim past unclaimed expenses from previous years on a rental property?

My question is the following: Let's say I have some repair renovations that were performed in 2016 that I never claimed in the 2017 tax year (because I had enough expenses to fully balance out the ...
4
votes
0answers
74 views

Write off accrued interest from interest income

My mother purchased a US government bond maturing 2019/04/15. The purchase date was 2018/04/13, so there were 2 interest payments attributed to 2018 (2018/04/15 and 2018/10/15), but the interest ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

1041 Final Estate Return/K-1s: No income; are probate expenses deductible for beneficiaries?

Am preparing the final return for the estate. There is no income to report. There were probate-ONLY-related expenses (attorney, court filings, announcements in newspapers). I am defeated in knowing-...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Self-employed: claim CPP for self on Line 9060 of T2125?

In Canada, self-employed individuals have to contribute more to the Canada Pension Plan (CPP): we have to pay both the employee and employer amount. Whereas employees just pay their employee amount ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Does it make sense to buy municipal bond if you're not in the highest tax bracket?

Municipal bond has tax benefit. If market is efficient, doesn't that mean the wealthy investors (in highest tax bracket) will bid up the price (lower the yield) until the "tax equivalent yield (...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Can I take self-employed health insurance deduction?

I am trying to figure how much of my Medicare premiums and Medicare Advantage (MA) premiums qualify as self-employed health insurance deduction (SEHID) "above the line" on line 29 of Schedule 1. ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Qualified Business Income Deduction (QBI)

Where is the Qualified Business Income Deduction (QBI) calculated or deducted? I'm using a free service online, but I'd also like to manually fill out the information to double check that I and the ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Property purchase Abroad. Tax deductions

I live in US. I purchased a couple properties a few years ago abroad. I did not take mortgage. I paid it from my savings account abroad. I heard we can claim tax deductions even for the past purchases ...
3
votes
1answer
216 views

Not entering info on tax return

My wife and I make too much to get any deduction for our student loan interest. Our situation also puts us in the Standard Deduction, and we arent itemizing. Question is, do I need to enter all our ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Standard deductions for resident alien J1 w/ tax treaty

Someone with a J1 Scholar visa becomes a resident alien for tax purposes in the US on Jan 1, 2018 (following the two calendar years' rule). Still, under the saving clause, it may be possible to claim ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Business losses for expenses incurred by a foreign contractor

I am a resident of California (Green Card holder), and started a new business in 2018 to evaluate an idea I had. It was not registered in state of CA as I was not sure how far the idea can go. Anyway, ...
0
votes
3answers
87 views

Deferring a W2 income to another year for tax return filing

I worked for 3 companies in two states. I moved to my current company on Dec 1, 2018. I got bonuses and sign-on bonus from all 3 companies (although I returned the sign-on bonus to one because I left ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Is there a personal tax liability on corporate ESA contributions?

According to the IRS publication on Coverdell ESA, https://www.irs.gov/taxtopics/tc310: You may be able to contribute to a Coverdell ESA to finance the beneficiary's qualified education expenses. ...
3
votes
2answers
163 views

Can I deduct wages I pay to my personal assistant?

Imagine I have a personal assistant, ie, an employee or independent contractor who helps me with my personal tasks, eg, booking personal travel, running personal errands, purchasing personal products &...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Is the principal on student loans tax deductible in Canada?

A friend was suggesting to me that it would be wiser for me not to spend money that I am currently earning, since as a student, I am in a very low tax bracket / below the lowest tax bracket. Their ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Freelance Writer / First Year Paying Self Employment Taxes

This year I pay taxes on income earned in 2018 for freelance work I did for a foreign company. According to the IRS, because this was my first year, I didn't have a previous years income for quarterly ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Do I report gross income or the total after taxes when reporting earnings?

When reporting to the Social Security Administration do I report gross income or the total after tax deductions? I will be holding the amount for taxes until "tax season". I report monthly to the SSA ...
3
votes
5answers
1k views

charitable donation values for medical devices/gear

I made a donation to Goodwill that included 2 back braces and a foam wedge used for exercising. How can I estimate a value? Most of the valuation guides cover clothes / appliances / furniture / ...
2
votes
2answers
82 views

Better if parents claim me as a dependent or I get the education credits?

Which route would offer more tax credits for the family? I claim $10k+ of education expenses and receive credit by filing as parents can claim me but won't. My parents claim me as a dependent and ...
4
votes
3answers
105 views

Non Tax Deductible funds accidentally put into traditional IRA

This last calendar year (2018) I opened up a traditional IRA and contributed $5500. However I did not do all my homework and discovered, after the fact, that money is only tax deductible if I don't ...
1
vote
2answers
351 views

Why do we pay taxes on something that we can later deduct from taxes?

I live in Germany and have been asking myself this for quite some time. When I hire and pay a craftsman in Germany, I pay taxes. These taxes are paid by the craftsman to the state. At the end of the ...
1
vote
0answers
335 views

Form 8936 for 2018- Qualified Plug-in Electric Drive Motor Vehicle Credit

I have been looking for form 8936 for 2018 in order to file my tax returns but have been able to find only the one for 2017 as below. https://www.irs.gov/forms-pubs/about-form-8936 Is there an ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Contribution limits and deadlines for HSA clarification

Taken from here. Partial Year Contributions If you establish an HSA by at least December of any year, your maximum contribution is the maximum amount (described above) for that calendar year. ...