# Questions tagged [rate-of-return]

For questions relating to various measures of the rate of return on an investment, e.g. Internal Rate of Return, Financial Management Rate of Return, etc. Note that questions about these terms that don't apply to personal finance or actual problems you face, e.g. homework questions, are probably off-topic.

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105 views

### Calculating the Nominal Rate of Return of a dividend paying stock

How is the nominal rate of return for a dividend paying stock calculated. I understand that nominal return is calculated using the formula: (Current Market Value - Original Purchase Price) / Original ...
467 views

### How can I calculate the monthly total return for the S&P500 (SPX) stock?

I look at the monthly returns for SPX here: Morningstar January February March April May June 2019 7.87 2.97 1.79 3.93 -6.58 6.89 Now, ...
184 views

### Two investments with same % returns but different dollar returns

If two investments have returns of 20% and the same amount of risk but: InvestmentA: returns \$200 requires more capital InvestmentB: returns \$50 requires much less capital than A Is InvestmentA the ...
193 views

### Negative rates on government bonds

Take the german 10J-Bundesanleihe for example, as far as I know the rates for it went negative recently. Is there any incentive for private investors / or institutional ones to invest now into this ...
201 views

### How do I calculate the return on my stock _call_ option, similar to my _put_ example?

I'm trying to figure out the effective percentage return when I write ("sell to open") a stock call option. I think I've figured it out for put options. Consider this put example I think XYZ stock ...
197 views

### How inflation affects returns and dividends

How inflation is linked to returns AND dividends? We know that adj returns are (1+return)/(1+inflation) -1 But how do we account for dividends? Suppose: 10% annual return 3% inflation 4% dividend ...
123 views

### How to adjust for long term inflation in an investment plan

So I have my investment Plan set in March 2019, with initial portfolio value of 250.000€, annual return 11% and long-term inflation rate at 1.5%. As you can see in column A, I have Capital BoP, ...
157 views

### What is an appropriate metric measure average annualized rate of return for an average investor?

Let us say an investor invests \$X per year for N years. Let us say the final portfolio value is \$Y. In this scenario, how should I measure a metric that quantifies "average annualized return"? I ...
3k views

### How to calculate quarterly returns from monthly?

The following monthly returns: 56.12% 15.00% -2.27 equal 75.46% for the quarter. What is the calculation to get 75.46%?
87 views

### Is there a type of investment that doesn't eventually cost the business money for a return?

I have been doing research on types of investing and funding for a startup, but I'm still pretty clueless, so please disregard this question if it's ridiculous. I also apologize if this is the wrong ...
47 views

### How to calculate return on capital for calendar year?

For an options portfolio, I'd like to calculate return on capital from Jan to Dec. These are monthly options that are held for a few days to months. There's a couple of problems with trying to ...
275 views

### Validating Annualized TWR

We have: an initial deposit of \$2,500,000 Then, every year end we make a deposit of \$750,000 We make this same deposit for 13 years At the end, we have a final value of \$50,000,000 Our system ...
7k views

### What are the standard industry practices or disclosures for computing compounded interest on retail deposit accounts in the United States?

I'm seeking to understand how my bank calculates the interest on my various deposit accounts (Money Market, Interest Checking, Savings, Certificate of Deposit) in order to simulate and predict it to a ...
172 views

### How should I calculate how much my money is _grown_?

I invest in multiple streams - equities, mutual funds, bank deposits etc. Depending on the asset class, my rate of return is different, naturally. Some asset classes generate higher ROI (with higher ...
1k views

### A calculator that takes into account portfolio rebalancing? [closed]

I'm looking for a calculator that takes into account rebalancing when estimating total returns using historical data. For example, I'd input the following into the calculator: I have an initial \$10,...
27 views

### Annualized return of bond fund

How do you calculate the say a 10-year annualized return of FTSE TMX Canada High Yield Bond Index. Please dumb it down as to the process.
279 views

### How is the “Hurdle Rate” of the Hedge Fund determined?

I understand that "High Water Mark" is the highest NAV value that the Hedge Fund has ever reached, and therefore, the threshold NAV value of the Hedge Fund in question needed in order for the Hedge ...
612 views

### Real Estate: Why does the maximum compound gain happen somewhere in the middle of the mortgage term?

I construct a spreadsheet to investigate when is the best time to pay off a house loan. In my model, there are two factors at work: The real estate appreciation rate, in this case I set it to 5% The ...
1k views

### What does Robinhood's account graph represent?

I'm confused at what the Y-axis of Robinhood's account graph represents. It is not labeled. It's showing \$3,000 when hovering over a date well before I ever created an account on robinhood. I would ...
112 views

### How to calculate return on investment when the asset increased in value?

A house bought some years ago for 100K earns 5K each year. That's rent minus costs of ownership (maintenance, electricity, local taxes). Today that house would easily sell for 150K. The rent and ...
200 views

### Calculate ROI over multiple trades

I'm looking for a formula to calculate my over all return based on N trades and avg return per trade (R). Let's say: My average return per trade (R) is 5% and the number of trades (N) made are 100. ...
79 views

### Which investment in the world provides the highest return [closed]

There are several investment options available that include gold, real estate, T-bills, stocks, bonds etc. I have heard that the most return that you can get is stocks of small enterprises. Can anyone ...
674 views

### Intuition behind Internal Rate of Return (IRR)

What is the intuition behind Internal Rate of Return. From Wikipedia: The internal rate of return on an investment or project is the "annualized effective compounded return rate" or rate of ...
205 views

### Would high interest rates offset the issue of keeping money in a weak currency?

I am a UK resident and recently I managed to unlock an account in South Africa with FNB that my family had set up for me. The account is worth R90k (~£5k). I have no intention of moving back to South ...
122 views

### How can “fund performance” and “unit values” go in opposite directions?

I have a "variable annuity" with Lincoln. They have a "historic unit values" page that says fund X increased 40% since the end of last year, to yesterday. And that fund Y increased 23%. But they ...
36 views

### Understanding how to compare internal rate of return to fixed income investment

I know that the IRR is the interest rate that makes the net present value zero. And I understand that a higher IRR means a better investment. So if I calculate an IRR of 14% for an investment and I ...
248 views

### Where to find the 5 or 10 year returns for a mutual fund?

I’m researching some mutual funds and am trying to find the 5 or 10 year return. However, all I can find is the YTD return. For example, Yahoo Finance shows the Yacktman Focused Svc (YAFFX) has an 8....
74 views

### Return calculation on a security that you are rebalancing

Suppose you have some security A, and the suppose the following: Initial amount of security bought: 100 Initial price: \$10 Suppose after some time: Sold qty: 10 Sold at: 11 Then you buy some ...
987 views

### Calculating Simple Portfolio Returns with Rebalancing or Adding/Removing Securities

Given a set of portfolio weights, w, and historical security prices, I am looking to calculate a simple portfolio return via: where R is the simple return for a given security from time t to t+1: ...
32k views

### How to calculate the standard deviation of stock returns?

I'm trying to learn the the Black–Scholes option pricing formula and one of the elements of that formula (according to http://bradley.bradley.edu/~arr/bsm/pg04.html) is the "standard deviation of ...
42 views

### calculate performance vs. buy and hold for a period

If I know the daily performance of an investment strategy vs. buy and hold for a certain number of days, how can I get the performance over an entire period? For example: day 1) vs. Buy hold = 3% ...
420 views

### Do SPY prices include dividends?

I'd like to calculate the return of SPY over a range of time. For example: 5/1/18: 264.98 9/14/18: 290.88 264.98 - 290.88 = 25.9 25.9/264.98= 0.0977 = 9.77% Does the 9.77% return include SPY ...
326 views

### Is there a term for the risk of investing in an asset with a positive but inferior return?

For example, say I invest in a 5-year certificate of deposit at 3% annually. Let's assume the bank delivers on time (no defaults). However, a month after I buy it, another bank offered a 4% 5-year ...
3k views

### How should you calculate the average daily return on an investment based on a history of gains?

I started an Acorns account several months ago to use as a glorified savings account. I don't make contributions on purchases, but I contribute 10% of my paycheck to it every two weeks (Richest Man ...
93 views

### How to factor dividends into SPX returns?

I'd like to calculate the return of the SPX from March 1, 2018 to July 31, 2018 with dividends included. SPX pays out a 1.80% dividend: https://www.investopedia.com/ask/answers/040915/does-sp-500-...
553 views

### How to calculate mutual fund return

How do you calculate the annual return of a mutual fund? I understand roughly how mutual funds work, and I'm trying to decide which mutual funds to invest in, but to prove to myself that I understand ...
122 views

### Rate of return on a loan

If I lend you \$100 at, say, 10% annual interest for a 3 year term (36 months), your monthly instalment (usual amortization schedule) should be \$3 per month for 36 months, for a total of \$116, right? ...
203 views

### How do I calculate the ROI for a rental property I've owned (mortgaged) for about 15 years?

We own a two family house and both parts are being rented. We moved out years ago and now live with extended family... "temporarily." Trying to figure out the best financial route while getting into ...
4k views

### IRR Calculation with multiple investments

Most of the times, most of the searches are returning the IRR calculation just based on a single initial investment. Imagine you have a plan that asks investors to supply money not only once, and you ...
124 views

### UK bond yield below inflation rate means negative ROI likely if held until maturity?

Current UK bonds have nominal interest rates well below the current inflation rate, even the long-term ones. If we assume that, on average, the inflation rate remains the same or rises, and the bonds ...
489 views

### Is this how to calculate annualized return?

For a savings account that is returning 2.0 APR, on \$10,000, \$200 in interest will be earned in one year. If I have a return of 9% on a stock trade with a holding period of 3 months, is the ...
5k views

### Comparing IRA vs 401K's rate-of-return with dollar cost averaging

I have both an IRA in Vanguard and an old employer's 401k with Fidelity management. I would like to compare the performance between the two accounts over time, in order to determine if I should ...
162 views

### Calculator to compare mixed portfolio returns [closed]

I've had my IRA in Betterment for the past 2.5 yrs. Betterment invests in low fee ETF's only and charges 0.15%/yr in fess. They allow the user to manage their portfolio only by changing the ...
1k views

### How to calculate return for “negative” investment

I'm tracking a few investments, with a simple formula for total (non-annualised) return, which is (current_value - money_invested) / money_invested. For one of my investments, however, I already ...
155 views

### Real estate repair: Out of pocket or on credit?

You often hear the advice, that you should eliminate all debt, before starting to invest. However, in the following scenario it seems the opposite to be the right decision: In order to be rented out,...
4k views

### Does investing more money into stocks increase chances of profit?

Assume someone wanted to invest in stocks for the sole purpose of profiting as soon as possible. Given the risky nature of stocks, would investing bigger amounts of money increase the chances of more ...
2k views

### How to calculate the total return on buying a home?

How to calculate the total return on buying a home, considering things such as : home value down payment constant mortgage payment (going from mostly interests at the beginning to mostly principal at ...
88 views

### Why do so many tools and sites not show total returns of mutual funds?

My understanding that the total return of a fund is the NAV capital return plus the income return (dividends, etc). It seems to me that (outside of tax implications) total return is the most critical ...