Questions tagged [rate-of-return]

For questions relating to various measures of the rate of return on an investment, e.g. Internal Rate of Return, Financial Management Rate of Return, etc. Note that questions about these terms that don't apply to personal finance or actual problems you face, e.g. homework questions, are probably off-topic.

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61 views

How to calculate effective rate of return for annuity payments and annuity receipts?

There is an annuity annual payment of 100000 from year(s) 1-7. After these payments, there are annuity annual receipts of 153127 from year(s) 8-15. I want to know what is the effective return on this ...
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41 views

Proper way to annualize returns

Searching for "how to annualize interest rates" on Google leads to the following results: Wikihow's How to Annualize a Percentage Investopedia's Annualized Rate of Return Wikihow ...
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Computed 401K RoR differs from broker's information

I have a 401k through Fidelity and have recently started being more active in the market. I was haphazardly selecting funds that seemed to do well but apparently wasn't the most advantageous due to ...
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42 views

The logic behind IRR

I can't still completely understand the logic behind the calculation of IRR. It's all clear with NPV. Let's use simple example: NPV = CashFlow / DiscountRate 100 = 110 / 1,1 But with the IRR..., the ...
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52 views

Is total rate of return for a stock posted on financial web sites?

I am a beginner trying to teach myself investing. I have read that it is important to look at the total rate of return for the stock when evaluating it (1, 3, 5 years). I understand the logic behind ...
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75 views

personal portfolio return calculation problem

I want to measure and evaluate the performance of my personal portfolio. However, I am concerned about confusion and miscalculation. Because when I calculate the time-weighted portfolio return rate in ...
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84 views

How to calculate ROI on my stock portfolio, from transactions logs?

I have a spreadsheet that contains all my current stock positions in one sheet (with how much I invested and the unrealized gain for each current position) and another sheet with my past positions (...
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48 views

Futures and dividends

Let's say I have a portfolio of futures for a long period (let's say 2000-2020). All of my underlyings are equity indices. I am always invested in the next maturity futures (thus I never wait for the ...
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58 views

Why do the paid prices for an accumulating ETF share follow the current net asset value per share?

It is pretty clear; if you hold a share of a distributing ETF, which is replicating a stock market index like S&P 500 for example, then you can count on regular dividends paid by the the ...
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127 views

Why do value investors obsess over finding intrinsic values instead of discount rates (expected returns)?

From what I read about value investing, value investors seek to buy stocks that sell below their "intrinsic value". To that end, they use stock valuation models to find the all-important &...
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201 views

Are government bonds really risk-free?

When I read finance textbooks, I read things like "assume that the risk-free rate is equal to the yield on 30-year government bonds", "the government bond earns at the risk-free rate&...
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72 views

Investment choices for 403(b) and 401(k): How to predict future performance?

My wife and I are in our 30s and live in the US. We have several retirement accounts, which include an old 401(k), her current 401(k), and my current 403(b). These 3 all allow us to choose our ...
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36 views

Difference between 7-Day Yield and Average Annual Total Returns?

I'm looking at "FIDELITY GOVERNMENT MONEY MARKET" and there's two numbers: 0.01% 7-Day Yield and 0.75% Average Annual Total Returns. I don't understand the difference between these two ...
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Are there ways for me to generate $40k per year in perpetuity from $300k? [closed]

Why or why not? Even if I did get $40k once, how unlikely is it to happen again? Some obvious answer are getting a job paying $40k a year (reasonable, but not what I'm asking) and spending the ...
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77 views

Not understanding the calculations done in the book

I was reading "The Intelligent Investor by Benjamin Graham" and came across a series of calculations that I'm not getting as to how it has been arrived at. I'm quoting the entire text from ...
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38 views

Relevancy of IRR versus CAGR as a Decision Making Tool

Why is IRR an important metric for comparing investments if CAGR can be determined? I understand CAGR to mean the constant rate of compounded growth over a given number of years. That is, the slope ...
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1answer
106 views

Is it good to invest in mutual fund during the down time in market?

Say there is a mutual fund and its annual return in the past 3 years i.e. 2017, 2018, 2019 were -10%, +20%, and -10% respectively. A and B invest $100 in this fund at different time points. A ...
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37 views

Testing the CAPM using the Fama-MacBeth (1973) Approach

I need to conduct the Fama-MacBeth (FM) procedure for my thesis to test the ability of the Fama-French (2015) and Carhart (1997) six-factor model to predict future expected returns. In univariate ...
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62 views

Comparing two options of investment

An investor is considering to buy a property. It costs $200.000,00 and it will allow him to receive $28.000,00 during the first year (which will decrease $300,00 per year). If he buys this property, ...
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21 views

Intuition behind calculating equity return when P/E ratio changes

In book "A Random Walk Down Wall Street" I came across the calculation of long-term equity return which was long-run equity return = Initial dividend yield + growth rate Where the growth rate, as ...
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51 views

Trying to understand the investment 'fundamental returns' definition by John C Bogle (what is earnings growth?)

I have been reading a book written by John C Bogle. One of his quotes is: The reality is that the fundamental return, the dividend yield plus the earnings growth of companies I'm trying to ...
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59 views

Calculation of YTD return in case of portfolio rebalance

I want to calculate a couple of metrics for portfolio. However, only examples I can find over the internet do not cover portfolio rebalances. Suppose the following scenario: Jan 1st, buy portfolio ...
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41 views

How to calculate portfolio return and compare it with benchmark?

I want to ask how to calculate return on my portfolio and how can I compare it with benchmark index I invested 34500 on 19 dec 2019. Then I added further 25000 on 19 march 2020 out of 25000 I used ...
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168 views

Mathematical proof of rate of return after tax

It is well known in engineering economic that rate of return after tax can be computed by multiplying tax rate and nomial rate of return which is the rate of return before tax. This relation is known ...
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66 views

How to calculate total annual return of ZCN ETF using Yahoo Finance?

The ETF that I'm looking at in particular is ZCN. According to Yahoo Finance, the total annual return for this ETF in 2010 was 13.63%. I'm trying to arrive at this number using the historical prices,...
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169 views

Is the S&P500's excess return above Treasuries after investing monthly for forty years really 3.6% annualized?

I was playing with Robert Shiller's U.S. Stock Markets 1871-Present and CAPE Ratio dataset to simulate an investor who buys the S&P500 with their monthly savings—equal to that month's CPI—for the ...
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53 views

How to calculate mean annualised returns

I am trying to calculate the mean annualised return for a fund using historical monthly returns but I am having difficulty in finding an appropriate method to do so. Many studies have used mean ...
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2answers
655 views

All-in-one international ETF vs weighted region-based ETFs performance

If you only consider returns (and not trading fees or total expense ratios or tracking errors as mentioned by D Stanley below), what would be the difference between a single ETF and several ones ...
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1answer
59 views

Help to understand money market fund total return

Take Schwab money market fund as an example - On the page of SWVXX, the following information is listed - yields: 7-day yield (without waivers) - 1.44% net expense ratio: 0.34% returns (annualized): ...
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150 views

How to interpret returns on index funds

I don't quite understand how investing into index funds works, or how to interpret the average historical returns. Let's say that, 10 years ago, I decided to invest $30,000 dollars at the end of each ...
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3answers
946 views

Why do people claim that Stock Markets are broadly exponential in the long term?

I've always heard Stock investment being described in terms of getting X% return per-year in the long-running. But looking at the FTSE in the long-term doesn't suggest an exponential growth? See below,...
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42 views

Calculating return - mix of ROI and TWR

I've got a portfolio with a mix of buy and total sell and some with a mix of buy and partial sell. For the buy and total sell, a simple ROI calculation will work BUT given there are also a mix of buy ...
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54 views

How to calculate monthly return on a changing capital base when swing trading?

I'm just starting out in swing trading, and I'm facing a somewhat nagging doubt. Since last January I executed 27 trades, with varying results. I am tracking down the percent return on each trade ...
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184 views

calculate equivalent yearly interst rate on house purchased with a mortgage

I've got 60k and I'm looking at buying a house for 145k. The bank offered me a 20 year loan of 100k at ~1.8% interest rate. After 20 years I would have repaid the bank around 16k, according to their ...
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170 views

How do I calculate annual return for each of the 5 years from monthly historical data?

How do I calculate the annual return for each of the 5 years from monthly historical data? How do I account for stock split and dividends in the year? I'm not sure if this is the way to calculate. ...
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432 views

Does investing in the S&P 500 for 3 years yield better yearly returns than investing for 15 years?

I know that my logic is missing something crucial as I always assumed that the longer you leave your money for the closer it approaches to the long term average return. I was just reading this ...
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260 views

Calculate T-Rex score step by step

I am having problem calculating T-REX Score which is given here https://larrybates.ca/t-rex-score/. I can calculate my T-REX Score by putting my data in the calculator given in that website. But I ...
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1answer
209 views

Do low cost ETFs or mutual funds really do well for an investor?

There are many ETFs, Mutual Funds and Unit Trusts in the market. Some ETFs advertise a low Expense Ratio and Total Expense Ratio. There are many examples: IVV, VOO and SPY for S&P 500 VNQ, RWR ...
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57 views

Options trade - statistically expected return calculation?

I also asked this question here, for it to get more visibility. I am calculating expected return for composite option strategies based on event probabilities provided by the broker. For example, ...
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3answers
287 views

How to annualize a loss of 100% for an investment?

Assume, I lend someone money against a certain fee or interest (charged at the day the loan gets repaid). The loan defaults and I get no fee or interest back. Hence, I have a return of -100% as all my ...
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56 views

Are divisions of returns linear?

If I have an annualized 5% return on $2,000, which is $100, can I always say that each 1% is $20? If that is the case, then this linear division of an annualized returns can be applied to more ...
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111 views

How to handle annualizing returns over short time interval leading to huge annualized return?

When calculating the annual return of an investment (as (1 + return in %)^(365/days)-1) over a very short time period - say 2 days - my annual return explodes due to the exponential term, which I ...
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191 views

Mathematical correct way to calculate the average net annual return of an split up investment?

I have an investment which creates different returns over a different period of time, i.e. I finance $1000 and get paid back $600 after 30 days (for which I earn a fee of $30), another $300 over 50 ...
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1answer
820 views

Calculating the expected return of bonds given a default rate

In The investor’s manifesto book by W. Bernstein there is an example of calculating the expected return of corporate bonds. It goes like this: Given that 10-year bonds yield an interest coupon of 7 ...
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1answer
690 views

What is “normal” return?

In the book, The Basics of Finance, it is mentioned a few times about the term "abnormal returns" from beating the market. May I know what then does a "normal return" refer to? If a company is ...
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193 views

30 yr mortg + IRA/stock market, OR 15yr mtg then 15 yrs IRA/stocks

I'm planning to refinance the mortgage given the low rates these days. Need to make a choice between a 30 yr fixed and a 15 or 20 yr fixed. Monthly household budget can accommodate any of the mortgage ...
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136 views

Calculating the Nominal Rate of Return of a dividend paying stock

How is the nominal rate of return for a dividend paying stock calculated. I understand that nominal return is calculated using the formula: (Current Market Value - Original Purchase Price) / Original ...
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610 views

How can I calculate the monthly total return for the S&P500 (SPX) stock?

I look at the monthly returns for SPX here: Morningstar January February March April May June 2019 7.87 2.97 1.79 3.93 -6.58 6.89 Now, ...
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137 views

Comparing APY to Money (or time) Weighted Return

I have a savings account with Ally and an investment account with Wealthfront. I'd like to know how the investment is doing, compared to just leaving the money in my savings account. Ally gives me an ...
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204 views

Two investments with same % returns but different dollar returns

If two investments have returns of 20% and the same amount of risk but: InvestmentA: returns $200 requires more capital InvestmentB: returns $50 requires much less capital than A Is InvestmentA the ...

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