# Questions tagged [rate-of-return]

For questions relating to various measures of the rate of return on an investment, e.g. Internal Rate of Return, Financial Management Rate of Return, etc. Note that questions about these terms that don't apply to personal finance or actual problems you face, e.g. homework questions, are probably off-topic.

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### Why doesn't changing the Discount Rate change IRR?

I have an analysis for a real estate project done and I'm changing the discount rate but IRR is not affected. I don't understand why this is...? It seems that changing the discount rate would change ...
514 views

### What is the theory behind Rick Van Ness's risk calculation in the video about diversification?

In the video, Rick Van Ness states the following scenario: Stock A has a 7% return with +/- 1% risk Stock B has a 3.5% return with +/- 0.5% risk Stock A and B are perfectly negatively correlated. A ...
8k views

### Discount Rate vs. IRR

The more I learn about the discount rate and IRR the more confused I get.... This is related to real estate. My confusion is that I've read that you should use your desired rate of return for the ...
2k views

### Calculating historic S&P 500 returns

I'm using the S&P 500 data provided by Robert Shiller which goes back to 1871. I've then calculated the percent return for each month, the simple arithmetic average is 0.43%. Calculating the ...
246 views

### Where to find the 5 or 10 year returns for a mutual fund?

I’m researching some mutual funds and am trying to find the 5 or 10 year return. However, all I can find is the YTD return. For example, Yahoo Finance shows the Yacktman Focused Svc (YAFFX) has an 8....
8k views

### Is there a term that better describes a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) when it is negative?

When calculating rates of return for an investment or portfolio over time, whether to report or compare performance, one frequently calculates the Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR). I've got a ...
2k views

### Yield of a municipal bond with a sinking fund?

How do I calculate my expected return if I buy a municipal bond at a premium with a sinking fund feature? For example, I'm looking at a bond with a coupon of 5.5%, maturing July 2015, with the ...
969 views

### What is the compound annual growth rate of the major markets?

What historical compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) have the major markets provided? Data as far back as has been recorded is preferable. Specifically I'm looking for returns of: Short-term, ...
937 views

### How do I calculate the dividend yield for Disney Co?

I'm trying to "estimate" the dividend yield for Disney (NYSE:DIS). Let's pretend stock price will stay at \$57 and the tax rate is 1%. Is it really the case that after 3 years with this stock the ...
30k views

### How to calculate the standard deviation of stock returns?

I'm trying to learn the the Black–Scholes option pricing formula and one of the elements of that formula (according to http://bradley.bradley.edu/~arr/bsm/pg04.html) is the "standard deviation of ...
26k views

### What does Personal/Internal Rate of Return mean for a 401k?

My 401k statements show a "Personal Rate of Return" (also called Internal Rate of Return), and I am curious what this actually means. Does this indicate how my funds are performing in the market? Or ...
9k views

### Time-Weighted Rate of Return & Money-Weighted Rate of Return

Background I am trying to figure out the computational difference between Time-Weighted Rate of Return (TWRR) and Money-Weighted Rate of Return (MWRR). Let's say, I have a portfolio looking like ...
3k views

### Computing portfolio return with net inflow/outflow

in his book "The four pillars of investing", the author describes this simple method to compute the rate of return for a portfolio that has a net inflow of cash: Without in- or outflow, the rate of ...
252 views

### Use my savings to pay out my mortgage on my rental apartment?

My rental apartment at this point is making me a 5% ROI per year. My bank is currently charging me a 5.87% Interest rate on the mortgage, which means I am putting from my pocket to keep this apartment ...
609 views

### Are the guaranteed returns of regulated utilities really what they sound like?

In the last few days I've stumbled upon two-year-old editorials like this one and this one stating "as a regulated utility, publicly traded [PG&E] shareholders benefit from a guaranteed 11.35 ...
9k views

### How can I determine if my rate of return is “good” for the market I am in?

I am considering a small investment to get started with. What percent rate of return is considered to be good return on investments made in a stock market? I read somewhere that 25-30% is considered ...
287 views

### Table of how many years it takes to make a specified return on the stock market?

Suppose I want to know "if I want to make a 30% return on the stock market, how many years should I expect to wait?" I know the real answer is "it depends - if the market does horrible it could ...
362 views

### Why should I worry about the variance of the return?

I have this doubt (I hope that this is not a completely silly question). If my growth rate depends on the long period average return, why should I worry about the variance of the return? i.e. over the ...
7k views

### How is my 'Personal Investment Performance' on my 401(k) calculated?

My 401(k) shows the following: my starting value at the beginning of the year personal contributions employer contributions investment gains/losses Closing value from Yesterday Total Change Personal ...
4k views

### How can I calculate a “running” return using XIRR in a spreadsheet?

I should say that I'm not married to XIRR, I just want to calculate the return on a running basis in a column next to dates, deposits and balances. Here's a screenshot of a simplified spreadsheet in ...
10k views

### Help me understand the oddity of percentage gains and losses?

If you start with \$100K, and you get a 50% gain, it's \$150K. Then, you get a 50% loss: now it's \$75K. Reverse the order (i.e. lose 50%, gain 50%), it's the same thing (a 25% loss). So, 50% up then ...
149 views

### Interest rates and bonds: What is their relation?

I read in a study text that: When interest rates are decreasing, investors will migrate their bonds from short- to longer-term ones When interest rates are increasing, investors will migrate their ...
524 views

### Diversified portfolio return calculation & comparison to return from real estate only?

Here's a sample portfolio. If we assume that he invested \$100K in the beginning (2005), is it correct that if he sold his entire portfolio and the end of 2009, he would have received \$121,394? ...
884 views

### Are long-term bonds risky assets?

I think bonds are debt/loan and fixed-income, so they are risk-free, both short term and long term. But it seems like Bodie's Investment thinks long-term bonds are risky: For example, assume that ...
440 views

### How do I account for newly added money when computing my rate of return?

I have a simple spreadsheet where I track the balance in my investment account. What should I do to handle new deposits in the account? For example: End of Day 1: balance = \$100 End of Day 2: \$...
35k views

### Typical return for an IRA? How can I assess if my returns were decent?

The year to date return on my IRA is currently 5.3%, the DJIA is 9.5%, and the NASDAQ is at 7.7%. Is this normal or should I be disappointed? I'm just starting to pay attention to this kind of thing,...
2k views

### Discussing real estate appreciation: Compound vs. simple interest?

When people say real estate has appreciated 8 % over the past 5 years, do they mean 8 % compounded annually? or simple interest annually?
165 views

### Is there a simple term to describe the non commutative property of decreasing and increasing a value by some X percentage?

I.e., \$100 decreased by 20% requires an increase of (1/(1-0.2))-1) to return to \$100. Is there a simple name that refers to this?
155 views

### Is it possible to estimate individual rate of inflation for a person as against the avg inflation rate for that country?

Even though normally we all use a specified inflation rate per country for financial calculations (i.e real returns, salary increases, etc..) isn't it possible for the inflation rate to have different ...
3k views

### Do net returns on mutual funds include expense ratio?

I'm considering an actively managed bond fund (DODIX) versus an similar index fund (VBMFX). Both are high quality intermediate funds. The 10-year return of DODIX (exp ratio 0.43%) is 0.86% higher than ...
204 views

### Is it always sane to follow inaction if the only alternative investment carries a risk of higher than 50% to end up with loss?

Or is there a theory that proposes inaction is worse?
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### How to quantify differences in return with low expense ratio vs high expense ratio mutual funds?

One often repeated piece of financial advice is to work to minimize your expense ratios in your mutual funds in order to maximize your returns. While it is often straightforward to determine the ...
442 views

### How to determine desired/required value with “value averaging”?

As opposed to dollar cost averaging (DCA), value averaging (as described in this eHow article) is a technique where the investor determines the value the investment should have after a given time ...
899 views

### What is a decent rate of return for investing in the markets?

This article indicates that the average rate of return for stocks is 4% after inflation, fees, and taxes (called "net-net-net" in the article). In the article several investment professionals are ...
14k views

### Calculate annualized return on stock with multiple transactions

I understand how to calculate the Annualized return on a stock when I have single purchase ie (principal + gain/principal) ^ (365/days) - 1 but how is it calculated when I have multiple buys and ...
1k views

### How to calculate the total return on buying a home?

How to calculate the total return on buying a home, considering things such as : home value down payment constant mortgage payment (going from mostly interests at the beginning to mostly principal at ...
5k views

### Comparing IRA vs 401K's rate-of-return with dollar cost averaging

I have both an IRA in Vanguard and an old employer's 401k with Fidelity management. I would like to compare the performance between the two accounts over time, in order to determine if I should ...