# Questions tagged [rate-of-return]

For questions relating to various measures of the rate of return on an investment, e.g. Internal Rate of Return, Financial Management Rate of Return, etc. Note that questions about these terms that don't apply to personal finance or actual problems you face, e.g. homework questions, are probably off-topic.

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### Do low cost ETFs or mutual funds really do well for an investor?

There are many ETFs, Mutual Funds and Unit Trusts in the market. Some ETFs advertise a low Expense Ratio and Total Expense Ratio. There are many examples: IVV, VOO and SPY for S&P 500 VNQ, RWR ...
37 views

### Options trade - statistically expected return calculation?

I also asked this question here, for it to get more visibility. I am calculating expected return for composite option strategies based on event probabilities provided by the broker. For example, ...
167 views

### How to annualize a loss of 100% for an investment?

Assume, I lend someone money against a certain fee or interest (charged at the day the loan gets repaid). The loan defaults and I get no fee or interest back. Hence, I have a return of -100% as all my ...
52 views

### Are divisions of returns linear?

If I have an annualized 5% return on \$2,000, which is \$100, can I always say that each 1% is \$20? If that is the case, then this linear division of an annualized returns can be applied to more ...
166 views

### Mathematical correct way to calculate the average net annual return of an split up investment?

I have an investment which creates different returns over a different period of time, i.e. I finance \$1000 and get paid back \$600 after 30 days (for which I earn a fee of \$30), another \$300 over 50 ...
63 views

### How to handle annualizing returns over short time interval leading to huge annualized return?

When calculating the annual return of an investment (as (1 + return in %)^(365/days)-1) over a very short time period - say 2 days - my annual return explodes due to the exponential term, which I ...
47 views

### Calculating the expected return of bonds given a default rate

In The investor’s manifesto book by W. Bernstein there is an example of calculating the expected return of corporate bonds. It goes like this: Given that 10-year bonds yield an interest coupon of 7 ...
57 views

### How are net income and yield calculated for margin trading?

You have purchased 150 shares at 10 each. You expect to sell these at 15 each. You only managed to sell 100. Out of your initial purchase price, 400\$ were borrowed. Brokerage fee= 2% for the ...
132 views

### What is “normal” return?

In the book, The Basics of Finance, it is mentioned a few times about the term "abnormal returns" from beating the market. May I know what then does a "normal return" refer to? If a company is ...
65 views

### Comparing APY to Money (or time) Weighted Return

I have a savings account with Ally and an investment account with Wealthfront. I'd like to know how the investment is doing, compared to just leaving the money in my savings account. Ally gives me an ...
174 views

### 30 yr mortg + IRA/stock market, OR 15yr mtg then 15 yrs IRA/stocks

I'm planning to refinance the mortgage given the low rates these days. Need to make a choice between a 30 yr fixed and a 15 or 20 yr fixed. Monthly household budget can accommodate any of the mortgage ...
51 views

### Calculating the Nominal Rate of Return of a dividend paying stock

How is the nominal rate of return for a dividend paying stock calculated. I understand that nominal return is calculated using the formula: (Current Market Value - Original Purchase Price) / Original ...
85 views

### How can I calculate the monthly total return for the S&P500 (SPX) stock?

I look at the monthly returns for SPX here: Morningstar January February March April May June 2019 7.87 2.97 1.79 3.93 -6.58 6.89 Now, ...
169 views

### Two investments with same % returns but different dollar returns

If two investments have returns of 20% and the same amount of risk but: InvestmentA: returns \$200 requires more capital InvestmentB: returns \$50 requires much less capital than A Is InvestmentA the ...
185 views

### Negative rates on government bonds

Take the german 10J-Bundesanleihe for example, as far as I know the rates for it went negative recently. Is there any incentive for private investors / or institutional ones to invest now into this ...
169 views

### How do I calculate the return on my stock _call_ option, similar to my _put_ example?

I'm trying to figure out the effective percentage return when I write ("sell to open") a stock call option. I think I've figured it out for put options. Consider this put example I think XYZ stock ...
115 views

### Portfolio questions

I am constructing a portfolio and considering a number of different security classes: Stocks, commodities, ETFs, currencies and bonds. In order to decide which securities to include in my Portfolio ...
117 views

### How inflation affects returns and dividends

How inflation is linked to returns AND dividends? We know that adj returns are (1+return)/(1+inflation) -1 But how do we account for dividends? Suppose: 10% annual return 3% inflation 4% dividend ...
120 views

### How to adjust for long term inflation in an investment plan

So I have my investment Plan set in March 2019, with initial portfolio value of 250.000€, annual return 11% and long-term inflation rate at 1.5%. As you can see in column A, I have Capital BoP, ...
141 views

### What is an appropriate metric measure average annualized rate of return for an average investor?

Let us say an investor invests \$X per year for N years. Let us say the final portfolio value is \$Y. In this scenario, how should I measure a metric that quantifies "average annualized return"? I ...
370 views

### How to calculate quarterly returns from monthly?

The following monthly returns: 56.12% 15.00% -2.27 equal 75.46% for the quarter. What is the calculation to get 75.46%?
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### Is there a type of investment that doesn't eventually cost the business money for a return?

I have been doing research on types of investing and funding for a startup, but I'm still pretty clueless, so please disregard this question if it's ridiculous. I also apologize if this is the wrong ...
41 views

### How to calculate return on capital for calendar year?

For an options portfolio, I'd like to calculate return on capital from Jan to Dec. These are monthly options that are held for a few days to months. There's a couple of problems with trying to ...
91 views

### Validating Annualized TWR

We have: an initial deposit of \$2,500,000 Then, every year end we make a deposit of \$750,000 We make this same deposit for 13 years At the end, we have a final value of \$50,000,000 Our system ...
179 views

### How to calculate the return from a mutual fund?

How do I calculate the return from a mutual fund invested as a monthly SIP of Rs. 5000 over a period of 3 years at a return rate of 20.4% per annum? The projected amount for the same is calculated by ...
6k views

### What are the standard industry practices or disclosures for computing compounded interest on retail deposit accounts in the United States?

I'm seeking to understand how my bank calculates the interest on my various deposit accounts (Money Market, Interest Checking, Savings, Certificate of Deposit) in order to simulate and predict it to a ...
156 views

### How should I calculate how much my money is _grown_?

I invest in multiple streams - equities, mutual funds, bank deposits etc. Depending on the asset class, my rate of return is different, naturally. Some asset classes generate higher ROI (with higher ...
985 views

### A calculator that takes into account portfolio rebalancing? [closed]

I'm looking for a calculator that takes into account rebalancing when estimating total returns using historical data. For example, I'd input the following into the calculator: I have an initial \$10,...
192 views

### What is the difference between Rate of return and Return on Investment

Investopedia Return on Investment (ROI) page says ROI can be used in conjunction with Rate of Return, which takes in account a project’s time frame From this I understood Return on Investment and ...
24 views

### Annualized return of bond fund

How do you calculate the say a 10-year annualized return of FTSE TMX Canada High Yield Bond Index. Please dumb it down as to the process.
182 views

### How is the “Hurdle Rate” of the Hedge Fund determined?

I understand that "High Water Mark" is the highest NAV value that the Hedge Fund has ever reached, and therefore, the threshold NAV value of the Hedge Fund in question needed in order for the Hedge ...
596 views

### Real Estate: Why does the maximum compound gain happen somewhere in the middle of the mortgage term?

I construct a spreadsheet to investigate when is the best time to pay off a house loan. In my model, there are two factors at work: The real estate appreciation rate, in this case I set it to 5% The ...
172 views

### What does Robinhood's account graph represent?

I'm confused at what the Y-axis of Robinhood's account graph represents. It is not labeled. It's showing \$3,000 when hovering over a date well before I ever created an account on robinhood. I would ...
108 views

### How to calculate return on investment when the asset increased in value?

A house bought some years ago for 100K earns 5K each year. That's rent minus costs of ownership (maintenance, electricity, local taxes). Today that house would easily sell for 150K. The rent and ...
80 views

### Calculate ROI over multiple trades

I'm looking for a formula to calculate my over all return based on N trades and avg return per trade (R). Let's say: My average return per trade (R) is 5% and the number of trades (N) made are 100. ...
79 views

### Which investment in the world provides the highest return [closed]

There are several investment options available that include gold, real estate, T-bills, stocks, bonds etc. I have heard that the most return that you can get is stocks of small enterprises. Can anyone ...
290 views

### Intuition behind Internal Rate of Return (IRR)

What is the intuition behind Internal Rate of Return. From Wikipedia: The internal rate of return on an investment or project is the "annualized effective compounded return rate" or rate of ...
195 views

### Would high interest rates offset the issue of keeping money in a weak currency?

I am a UK resident and recently I managed to unlock an account in South Africa with FNB that my family had set up for me. The account is worth R90k (~£5k). I have no intention of moving back to South ...
122 views

### How can “fund performance” and “unit values” go in opposite directions?

I have a "variable annuity" with Lincoln. They have a "historic unit values" page that says fund X increased 40% since the end of last year, to yesterday. And that fund Y increased 23%. But they ...
29 views

### Understanding how to compare internal rate of return to fixed income investment

I know that the IRR is the interest rate that makes the net present value zero. And I understand that a higher IRR means a better investment. So if I calculate an IRR of 14% for an investment and I ...
246 views

### Where to find the 5 or 10 year returns for a mutual fund?

I’m researching some mutual funds and am trying to find the 5 or 10 year return. However, all I can find is the YTD return. For example, Yahoo Finance shows the Yacktman Focused Svc (YAFFX) has an 8....
64 views

### Return calculation on a security that you are rebalancing

Suppose you have some security A, and the suppose the following: Initial amount of security bought: 100 Initial price: \$10 Suppose after some time: Sold qty: 10 Sold at: 11 Then you buy some ...
707 views

### Calculating Simple Portfolio Returns with Rebalancing or Adding/Removing Securities

Given a set of portfolio weights, w, and historical security prices, I am looking to calculate a simple portfolio return via: where R is the simple return for a given security from time t to t+1: ...
30k views

### How to calculate the standard deviation of stock returns?

I'm trying to learn the the Black–Scholes option pricing formula and one of the elements of that formula (according to http://bradley.bradley.edu/~arr/bsm/pg04.html) is the "standard deviation of ...
3k views

### How can I calculate total return of stock with partial sale?

I have searched the internet for hours and still can't find the formula to calculate the Total Return in percentage with the below scenario. Bought 310 shares at \$3.15 brokerage \$19.95 Sold 200 ...
40 views

### calculate performance vs. buy and hold for a period

If I know the daily performance of an investment strategy vs. buy and hold for a certain number of days, how can I get the performance over an entire period? For example: day 1) vs. Buy hold = 3% ...
220 views

### Do SPY prices include dividends?

I'd like to calculate the return of SPY over a range of time. For example: 5/1/18: 264.98 9/14/18: 290.88 264.98 - 290.88 = 25.9 25.9/264.98= 0.0977 = 9.77% Does the 9.77% return include SPY ...
320 views

### Is there a term for the risk of investing in an asset with a positive but inferior return?

For example, say I invest in a 5-year certificate of deposit at 3% annually. Let's assume the bank delivers on time (no defaults). However, a month after I buy it, another bank offered a 4% 5-year ...