Questions tagged [rate-of-return]

For questions relating to various measures of the rate of return on an investment, e.g. Internal Rate of Return, Financial Management Rate of Return, etc. Note that questions about these terms that don't apply to personal finance or actual problems you face, e.g. homework questions, are probably off-topic.

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Calculating CAGR from annual investments

Let's say I invest x amount at the beginning of each year. After N years, my total investments are worth y. How do I calculate the CAGR? As a bonus, assume that my only tool is Google Sheets.
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Cash Flow vs Net Profit in Evaluating Capital Evaluation

In Kaplan's CFA Level 1 online course, it has been claimed that after-tax cash flow-based ratios (NPV) are better than profit-based ratios (ROE, EPS, etc...) in terms of evaluating capital allocation ...
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Understanding Time-Weighted Rate of Return

In general I consider myself a relatively maths-literate person, but I'm really struggling to understand TWRR (Time-Weighted Rate of Return); at least as my investment provider is presenting it to me. ...
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How to calculate profits from a short position [duplicate]

Say I have a $100 balance, the margin requirement is 10%, I short a stock at $100, and the stock drops down to $10, is my profit 90% or 1000%? To more more specific, is the profit 90% relative to my ...
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4 votes
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How is the average return rate of the S&P 500 annual return calculated?

I am trying to understand where the famous average return rate of about 10% of the S&P 500 comes from. In most conversations, the usual starting date is on 1965. Its averaging closing value at ...
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CAGR of Monthly Close Prices

In step 7 in this tableau tutorial he uses the number of periods as 12 I believe this number should change. So for instance if we started with January to March, the number of period would be 3. Then ...
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6 votes
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What is the real return of a portfolio? Markowitz vs "real" return

I am working with mean variance optimization (MVO) and as such after "training" my model I test the results on a test dataset. Markowitz states that the return of a portfolio is the "...
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How to calculate distribution return for ETF?

I'm trying to calculate Growth and Distribution returns for ASX:VGS for 2021 based on historical data, but the results do not match what's published. Here I can see that in the 2021 Calendar year it ...
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Using Sharpe ratio to compare bitcoin investments?

I want to compare investment strategies in bitcoin. So far I was using the money weighted rate of return and was comparing it between two different investors. The investor that has the biggest rate of ...
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What's the formula behind these two stock trading scenarios?

Let's say I have $10,000 in my account. Scenario 1: If I make 10 trades in a year and each trade I position size using only 25% every time and exit the trade after a 10% gain, my account would grow by ...
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Is it possible for the dividend rate to decrease at a constant rate to the future?

I came across the following question; Mayfair corporation is expected to pay 40% dividends to its shareholders as its next dividend. However, the company announces that it is not expecting to pay a ...
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3 votes
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How to calculate an annualized rate of return with a number of cash-secured Puts?

For cash-secured-puts I know how to calculate the annual return of a single one like: (Returns divided by Capital at Risk) x (365 divided by Holding Period in days) With a "wheel" strategy (...
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Scratching my head about the modified dietz method

I'm trying to compute the money weighted rate of return for my crypto investments using the modified dietz method, as I believe this is the golden standard to measure investment. The formula is quite ...
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Why isn't there a universal investment standard/benchmark?

When I watch golf and look at the results of the top players, I can immediately know exactly how they compare both to the standard (called par) and to each other. Why doesn't investing have such a ...
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What is the reason for higher returns in ELSS mutual funds when compared to other flexi cap equity mutual fund?

In general, how does ELSS mutual funds generate higher returns over long term (say 5 years or so) when compared to flexi cap mutual funds? As far I know, in general both the segment of mutual fund ...
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Calculate the required return using an asset pricing model

The current stock price of HHBA A is 101.00$. The last dividend payed for HHBA A is 3.50$, and dividends are expected to grow at a constant rate of 6%. Now i should calculate the required return using ...
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What is "the index-linked variety"?

I am reading this article on The Economist. It says that the new generation will gather lower returns on investments than the previous generations. The authors estimated the future return on equities ...
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Calculating portfolio returns from multiple stocks using XIRR

I am confused and would like some clarification. For around four years I have been building a portfolio of 30 stocks and I would like to calculate the portfolio returns as accurately as possible over ...
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How do you factor in inflation when calculating internal rate of return on an investment?

Say you invest $1000 into a venture on day 1. Then you invest another $1000 on day 365. Then, on day 730, its market value is worth $4000. If I were to put these numbers into an Excel spreadsheet like:...
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How to Calculate Return of Multi Positional Trading Strategy

i have a trading strategy that buy multiple stocks in same time and sell another time. I want to calculate return of this strategy. Below table shows my positions that opened and closed. From above to ...
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Money-Weighted-Return (MWR) or Time-Weighted-Return (TWR)?

Assume, I monthly invest a fixed part of my income. I strictly transfer this money to my broker account and never take money off (transfer-rule). There, I usually (but not always) immediately add to a ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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What's wrong with the XIRR calculation here?

I am trying to learn how to use XIRR following tutorials.I think I'm overlooking something with this dataset problem when using Google Sheets to calculate XIRR. Can someone be kind enough to explain ...
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What am I missing with this XIRR calculation?

I have 70K at the beginning of the year invested in some fund with the below yield each month, is it correct that the IRR would be 50.90%? What am I missing? In some article that I've read, they were ...
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0% rate of return + inflation differs from inflation alone

Given that Real Rate of Return = (1 + nominal rate) / (1 + inflation rate) -1 If my nominal rate equals the inflation rate I get 0, meaning that my money is worth the same no matter the inflation ...
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Derive Initial investment based on Compounded returns

I know the investment instruments, their average yearly returns, the duration of investment and the target corpus. Based on the target corpus and the average returns, I want to reverse engineer and ...
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Average Annual Total Return - How to calculate fractional number of years?

Per the SEC Form N-1A, P(1+T)n = ERV Where: P=a hypothetical initial payment of $1,000. T=average annual total return. n =number of years. ERV= ending redeemable value of a hypothetical $1,000 ...
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Comparison of expected returns from index funds and single shares

I shall start by saying I know little about markets, investing or gambling, but I do know a little bit about probability. This question is prompted by comments to this question, such as "As a ...
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Why would banks offer negative interest rates?

I recently saw news that Danish bank Danske Bank is going to be offering -1% return on balances over $16,000. Obviously nobody wants a negative return on their balances so nobody is going to want this....
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calculating stock investment return

Please help. I am stuck. I am still pretty new to investing, so please be nice and a simple explanation is much appreciated. I want to calculate the capital gains (NO DIVIDEND) annual return of a ...
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Comparing ROI taxed at ordinary income vs cap gains?

How can I demonstrate the performance of an investment that's taxed as ordinary income to one that's taxed at cap gains rates? I run a small real estate investment fund, focused on flipping properties,...
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What is the highest return risk-free investment available?

Investing is about balancing risk and reward. Any good investment will typically allow for nominal risk for a healthy return, but let's suppose that's not what I'm looking for. I want something with ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Calculating the rolling performance of two securities over time

If I want to compare the relative price performance of two equities, an easy way would be to calculate the Comparative Relative Strength (CRS) and graph the result. The calculation is simple. Divide ...
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How to calculate effective rate of return for annuity payments and annuity receipts?

There is an annuity annual payment of 100000 from year(s) 1-7. After these payments, there are annuity annual receipts of 153127 from year(s) 8-15. I want to know what is the effective return on this ...
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Proper way to annualize returns

Searching for "how to annualize interest rates" on Google leads to the following results: Wikihow's How to Annualize a Percentage Investopedia's Annualized Rate of Return Wikihow ...
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Computed 401K RoR differs from broker's information

I have a 401k through Fidelity and have recently started being more active in the market. I was haphazardly selecting funds that seemed to do well but apparently wasn't the most advantageous due to ...
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The logic behind IRR

I can't still completely understand the logic behind the calculation of IRR. It's all clear with NPV. Let's use simple example: NPV = CashFlow / DiscountRate 100 = 110 / 1,1 But with the IRR..., the ...
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1 vote
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Is total rate of return for a stock posted on financial web sites?

I am a beginner trying to teach myself investing. I have read that it is important to look at the total rate of return for the stock when evaluating it (1, 3, 5 years). I understand the logic behind ...
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personal portfolio return calculation problem

I want to measure and evaluate the performance of my personal portfolio. However, I am concerned about confusion and miscalculation. Because when I calculate the time-weighted portfolio return rate in ...
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How to calculate ROI on my stock portfolio, from transactions logs?

I have a spreadsheet that contains all my current stock positions in one sheet (with how much I invested and the unrealized gain for each current position) and another sheet with my past positions (...
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2 votes
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Futures and dividends

Let's say I have a portfolio of futures for a long period (let's say 2000-2020). All of my underlyings are equity indices. I am always invested in the next maturity futures (thus I never wait for the ...
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Why do the paid prices for an accumulating ETF share follow the current net asset value per share?

It is pretty clear; if you hold a share of a distributing ETF, which is replicating a stock market index like S&P 500 for example, then you can count on regular dividends paid by the the ...
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Why do value investors obsess over finding intrinsic values instead of discount rates (expected returns)?

From what I read about value investing, value investors seek to buy stocks that sell below their "intrinsic value". To that end, they use stock valuation models to find the all-important &...
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Are government bonds really risk-free?

When I read finance textbooks, I read things like "assume that the risk-free rate is equal to the yield on 30-year government bonds", "the government bond earns at the risk-free rate&...
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Investment choices for 403(b) and 401(k): How to predict future performance?

My wife and I are in our 30s and live in the US. We have several retirement accounts, which include an old 401(k), her current 401(k), and my current 403(b). These 3 all allow us to choose our ...
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Difference between 7-Day Yield and Average Annual Total Returns?

I'm looking at "FIDELITY GOVERNMENT MONEY MARKET" and there's two numbers: 0.01% 7-Day Yield and 0.75% Average Annual Total Returns. I don't understand the difference between these two ...
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Are there ways for me to generate $40k per year in perpetuity from $300k? [closed]

Why or why not? Even if I did get $40k once, how unlikely is it to happen again? Some obvious answer are getting a job paying $40k a year (reasonable, but not what I'm asking) and spending the ...
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1 vote
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Not understanding the calculations done in the book

I was reading "The Intelligent Investor by Benjamin Graham" and came across a series of calculations that I'm not getting as to how it has been arrived at. I'm quoting the entire text from ...
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1 vote
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Relevancy of IRR versus CAGR as a Decision Making Tool

Why is IRR an important metric for comparing investments if CAGR can be determined? I understand CAGR to mean the constant rate of compounded growth over a given number of years. That is, the slope ...
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Is it good to invest in mutual fund during the down time in market?

Say there is a mutual fund and its annual return in the past 3 years i.e. 2017, 2018, 2019 were -10%, +20%, and -10% respectively. A and B invest $100 in this fund at different time points. A ...
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Testing the CAPM using the Fama-MacBeth (1973) Approach

I need to conduct the Fama-MacBeth (FM) procedure for my thesis to test the ability of the Fama-French (2015) and Carhart (1997) six-factor model to predict future expected returns. In univariate ...
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