Questions tagged [options]

This tag is to be used for any question on Options, A more specific tag [put-options, call-options, options-assignment, option-exercise] should be used when appropriate.

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42
votes
10answers
47k views

Options for dummies. Can you explain how puts & calls work, simply?

I never understood Puts or Calls. Could anybody explain it like I were a child?
16
votes
10answers
57k views

Why are American-style options worth more than European-style options?

Why are American-style options worth more than European-style options? I realize I can exercise American-style options anytime before the expire, but I can only exercise European-style options ...
8
votes
2answers
9k views

What happens to options held during a reverse stock split?

I held 1 put option for 100 shares of USO that expires on May 8. Yesterday, USO underwent an 8:1 reverse stock split. My options are now for USO1 instead of USO, but what does that mean? The strike ...
20
votes
3answers
98k views

What typically happens to unvested stock during an acquisition?

I work for a publicly traded company that was acquired by another publicly traded company. I also own shares of "restricted stock units" for my company. All of my shares are scheduled to vest far ...
7
votes
8answers
25k views

Exercising an option without paying for the underlying

As a follow up to my other question, I would like to know whether the following is possible: I have $20,000 in my brokerage account The price of a call option with $300 strike price is $5.00 (1 ...
98
votes
6answers
27k views

Can someone explain the GME short squeeze situation to a non-stock trader?

GameStop Corp. (GME) stock is over $300 at the time of this post. I understand the 10,000 foot view of the story only: That some Reddit folks are buying up shares to squeeze a short seller. But I don'...
13
votes
6answers
45k views

Does the Black-Scholes Model apply to American Style options?

After reading the Wikipedia article on the Black-Scholes model, it looks to me like it only applies to European options based on this quote: The Black–Scholes model (pronounced /ˌblæk ˈʃoʊlz/1) is ...
5
votes
3answers
8k views

Exercise an out of the money option

For listed options in NYSE,CBOE, is it possible for an option holder to exercise an option even if it is not in the money? What about early exercise for OTM American option, is it possible? Under what ...
8
votes
4answers
4k views

Buying puts before dividends get paid out

This question is a direct extension of this question, which asks if you short a stock before the dividend pays out are you guaranteed money since the price should go down? The answer states shorting a ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Index Annuities and synthetic duplication with options

I read a thread on another site about some six year index annuities called Structured Investment Options (SIO). They offer a variety of combinations of an upside cap with limited downside ...
1
vote
2answers
156 views

If I hold a long and a short position on the same option, do the contracts cancel out each other?

Suppose I sold an option on stock X, with strike price Y, and expiry date Z. Suppose I later buy an option on the same stock, with the same strike price, and the same expiry date. Do these two ...
25
votes
2answers
5k views

How do I bet that a stock price will not move?

If I believe a stock will go up, I buy the stock. If I believe a stock will go down, I short the stock. If I believe a stock will neither go up nor down, what do I do? How do I profit from a non-...
6
votes
8answers
11k views

Why would someone want to sell call options?

I'm having trouble understanding why someone would want to sell call options. For example, if the writer of a call option owned the shares and they expected the share price to fall, why wouldn't they ...
19
votes
6answers
28k views

Please explain the relationship between dividend amount, stock price, and option value?

I consider myself a reasonably knowledgeable investor, but today was blown away by the fact that I didn't know that a stock's price is decreased by the amount of its dividend. To use a concrete ...
26
votes
3answers
37k views

If a startup can always issue new shares, what value is there to stocks/options?

Since in most startups the board can issue more shares at will, what does it mean for an employee to own X% of the shares? When signing up, can an employee protect himself from the company printing ...
5
votes
4answers
4k views

What happens to an options contract during an all stock acquisition?

Let's say for the sake of the question you're given the following scenario: Company BIG is trading at $10/share Company SML is trading at $40/share BIG reaches an agreement with SML for an all stock ...
0
votes
2answers
4k views

Why hold calls until expiration?

I am reading a book on options basics. I am in a chapter on selling covered calls. The author says that buyers of calls almost always hold the calls until expiration. Why is this? Here's how I ...
1
vote
2answers
368 views

How could I calculate the probability of getting wiped out?

Last year I ran a mildly stupid/naive options strategy. It involved picking 10-15 random companies, and then setting up put credit spreads on each one, expiring 1-2 weeks out. I prioritized high ...
0
votes
1answer
522 views

When an option expires does that constitute a buy or sell

A similar question recently asked about stock sales and option buys triggering wash sale rules. If an option expires, is that considered a buy/sale ? What I mean is: let's assume I have a call ...
10
votes
8answers
18k views

Why would someone buy a way out-of-the-money call option that's expiring soon?

I swing trade equity options every once in a while for fun. This morning I witnessed something I do not understand at all. In the attached photo, why would someone purchase 6 contracts for .05 at $76....
8
votes
4answers
10k views

At what time of day does time value fall off of a call option?

As days tick off of call options, time value decays. My question is does that happen automatically at 9:30AM at market open or does it get continuously deducted as the day ticks on?
8
votes
2answers
393 views

How to get started with options investing?

I have never taken the time to learn about or trade options, and I'd like to give it a shot. IMO, I am a reasonably sophisticated investor; I've been investing in one form or another since I was 11, ...
5
votes
1answer
5k views

How to record a written put option in double-entry accounting?

I have been using double-entry accounting to carefully track my financial situation for a couple of years now, but I am just dabbling with stock options for the first time. I wrote a put option (sold ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Can you buy an option and immediately exercise it? Options delays questions

Assuming American Options Can you buy a stock option and immediately exercise it - or are you only formally given control of the option at the end of the trading day? Would you be able to sell it ...
4
votes
3answers
200 views

Options and exercise

Why do people exercise call options early? If the price of the stock rises above the exercise price, the profit from selling the option would be greater than the profit from exercising the option and ...
3
votes
2answers
366 views

Why certain ETFs are popular( liquid) but Options on very same ETF are not

For example on comparing EEM/VWO , SPY/IVV/VOO etc and I always wonder why some ETFs are popular but options are not. I see a question How to pick ETFs that hedge against stock market crashes? that ...
1
vote
1answer
160 views

Please explain this put option

Earlier today, I purchased 2 put options on GME. The opening price was around $295. The price dropped $30 in 45 minutes to below $265. Why am I not making any money? I looked at all of the put option ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Selling short call against a long call (a LEAP) when the long call is already in profits. Is it Constructive Sale?

Let's take these hypothetical trades On 08/01/2020: Bought AAPL Jan-2022 100C at $30 (Long call) On 08/30/2020: Sold AAPL Jan-2022 110C at $50 (Short Call). By this date, 08/30/2020, before my short ...
0
votes
1answer
130 views

How come none of the VIX ETFs track the index exactly? [duplicate]

For example the VXX ETF (https://finance.yahoo.com/quote/VXX) does not track the index exactly (https://finance.yahoo.com/quote/%5EVIX/)
0
votes
2answers
301 views

How OPTIONS are settled can be an eye opener and I hope I can get some answers

The only reason why I put it here is to find out whether I am a victim or just ignorant of the way brokers deal with option positions that were exercised. Whether I am a victim or just ignorant ...
0
votes
3answers
1k views

How to compute IVx (Implied volatility for a specific expiration) and the expected move with options?

By searching online, I have found three methods to compute the expected move of a stock based on option prices and implied volatilities: Method 1: Extract the price of a Straddle ATM of the front ...
19
votes
2answers
52k views

What happens to options if a company is acquired / bought out?

I have some out of the money options with pretty far off expiry dates (Jan 2013, for example). What happens if the underlying company is acquired before then, while I'm still holding the options? Do ...
9
votes
3answers
514 views

Buying an option in the money, at the money, or out of the money

How would one make trade-offs between buying a call option a few dollars ITM (in the money), ATM (at the money), or OTM. I mean I understand the plain dollar differences / calculations on the surface,...
8
votes
2answers
5k views

What are the odds of being assigned for a long dated in-the-money call option?

If I sell a 2-year future dated call option that is slightly in the money (For example if Citi today is $5.13, I sell a call option for strike price $5.00 at Jan 2013 - today is Jan 2011), what are ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

Do companies sell puts when buying back shares?

Say company X has a share price of $80. They think their shares are undervalued, and their board approved a buyback of $1 billion. Can company X use the $1 billion to sell puts at $79, with the idea ...
9
votes
5answers
9k views

Is there a good options strategy that has a fairly low risk?

Is there a good options strategy that has a fairly low risk? It doesn't matter if it's complicated, has several legs, and requires margin.
6
votes
1answer
3k views

Whats the difference between a qualified and an unqualified covered call?

I own various shares that I want to start writing covered calls on but I've heard about differences between "qualified" and "unqualified" covered calls. What's the difference? All I can find is that ...
11
votes
2answers
4k views

What is a stock warrant? How do warrants work?

What is a stock warrant? How do warrants work? I've been told they are similar to options; how? Then why not just call them options - what makes them different?
8
votes
2answers
5k views

Deep in the money put options

I'm trying to make sense of this option: Type: put Expiry: 2021-02-05 (= this week's Friday) Bid: 580.4 Ask: 584.9 Contract size: 100 Strike: 800 The underlying's last price is $225. Buying this put ...
6
votes
3answers
966 views

Options for the intelligent but inexperienced

(Related to "Options for Dummies" and "What are some good options strategies...") I've been an investor in stocks for the past 14 years and have the confidence that I know what I'm doing. (Not that I ...
6
votes
1answer
20k views

How urgent is it to close put options when a company enters bankruptcy? How likely is it to have trading halted?

I own Jan-2020 put options on a company in bankruptcy, but the stock is trading between .25 and .50 and my limit orders to sell those puts are not getting filled yet. The trading on the shares has ...
6
votes
1answer
10k views

Are futures options eligible for the 60/40 tax rule?

How are options taxed when the underlying asset is a futures contract. Futures contracts in the US have a favorable tax treatment known as the 60/40 rule, where 60% of profits are taxed at the long ...
5
votes
2answers
626 views

What's the point of abandoning an in-the-money option? (i.e., not exercising it)

What's the point of abandoning an in-the-money option? (i.e., not exercising it) (Related: Exercise an out of the money option)
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Taxes when exercising stock options in a privately held startup

Let's say I currently have the right to exercise some employee stock options (ISO) at a certain strike price. I have add these options for more than a year. I read that the AMT tax applies on the ...
4
votes
1answer
490 views

Does selling an OTM covered call affect the holding period of the underlying stock?

Given the following, ignoring commission, etc.: On 2019-03-16, XYZ is trading for $100.00. I purchase 1000 shares, for a cost of $100,000.00. On 2019-09-15, XYZ is trading for $150.00. I sell 10 XYZ $...
2
votes
2answers
837 views

What happens to option contracts during a private buyout?

Lets say I have 100 $15 call contracts for NYSE: GPS (Gap Inc) that expires sometime next year. Hypothetically, if the company were to announce a leveraged private buyout of the remaining shares at $...
24
votes
4answers
19k views

My out-of-the-money call options are near expiration and won't sell in the open market. What are my choices?

I had attempted to sell my contracts off today but was unsuccessful. They are currently OTM options and will expire tomorrow. What can I do to minimize loss and why was I unable to sell?
15
votes
1answer
980 views

Is a Low Orbit Gamma Cannon illegal?

The recent/current GameStop situation with r/WSB vs Wall Street reminds me in some ways of the Low Orbit Ion Cannon, a tool in the 2000s that 4chan/Anonymous used to DDoS sites using the home ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

When you buy an option contract, how often is the market maker providing the contract (vs. another investor)?

My limited/perhaps incorrect understanding is market makers keep liquidity in options by increasing spreads in options that are less in demand, because they have to provide/make a market for them. ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Why are options that cannot be traded in cents still show a last trade as non-five-cent increments?

I read Why do some options trade in 5 cent increments? but despite that I see some options I cannot trade in pennies ( not broker specific), but I routinely see same option being traded by others in ...