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Questions tagged [options]

This tag is to be used for any question on Options, A more specific tag [put-options, call-options, options-assignment, option-exercise] should be used when appropriate.

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How is IVolatility's IVX index calculated?

Apparently it involves a proprietary weighting technique factoring the Delta and Vega of 4 ATM options, however specifics are unclear.
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2answers
24 views

Currency Future Contract's future fixed price?

Future and options are basically the same with the other using premium and w/o obligation. When trading FX options, you set/buy a strike price. Hence an agreement/was made on a fixed price. In the ...
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1answer
34 views

Meaning of IV for a strike

As I understand it, IV is defined as an annualized 1 standard deviation range for an underlying. So what is the meaning of implied volatility for a strike? The IV on each strike is calculated by ...
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24 views

Bull spread with European vs American call options

There’s something I really can’t crack since a couple days ago and I was wondering if you could help me with this. I read in a finance dissertation the following: “Assume a bull call spread ...
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1answer
31 views

Is all of put option time value when OTM?

If I sell a Dec 65 strike put on 12/3 and on 12/7 the stock price is at $74 and the put bid/ask are .35 x .37, how much of that is time value?
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1answer
38 views

Long term option sell short term options against it

Company A is currently trading at $100. I bought 10 calls at a $110 strike price which expire in six months. What would be the best strategy (risk to reward) to buy or sell monthly options against ...
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2answers
83 views

Understanding the technicalities in options (put example)

My goal is to use options on a speculations level. I'm a bit perplexed with what I see on the broker account and thought this will be a good place to post my questions. So, here a fake-scenario (...
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1answer
39 views

Are bid and ask prices set by the market directly, or by the market makers?

I believe the answer is the latter, but I'm looking for more detail, hence the question. For low volume stocks and options I have bid lower than the current bid, and while usually my limit order isn'...
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1answer
36 views

What price is used for my option's current value?

I purchased one call option contract on a company and in my E*Trade account the "Last Price" is listed as $11.70. However, the value of my position is listed as $1325 which would suggest a price of $...
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2answers
48 views

Hedging investment contributions against short term fluctuations

When contributing to investments, short term fluctuations can hurt my contributions by a few percent or more. By short term, I mean on the scale of days to several weeks. I have found that a proper ...
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1answer
113 views

How urgent is it to close put options when a company enters bankruptcy? How likely is it to have trading halted?

I own Jan-2020 put options on a company in bankruptcy, but the stock is trading between .25 and .50 and my limit orders to sell those puts are not getting filled yet. The trading on the shares has ...
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1answer
21 views

Is it likely for large buy to open orders to be filled on thinly traded options?

Suppose you are very bullish or bearish on a stock but its options are thinly traded. Some stocks have an options market that doesn't exceed $200,000 even around earnings time. Say you want to ...
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1answer
43 views

Do I understand options open interest correctly?

I wasn't able to find a good example of how open interest works. Suppose at the beginning of trading period there is no open interest, these are the only trades made during these days, and all ...
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2answers
49 views

Neutral to bearish options strategy above stock price

If a stock is trading at $30 and I believe it will go no higher than $33, is there a spread that I can create above $33? This is a neutral to bearish strategy. I've looked at a debt put spread: ...
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3answers
232 views

Strategies for under water stock?

If I have a stock that I got in at $40 and it is now at $22, are there any strategies that can be utilized to reduce the loss? Covered calls with a 40 strike are far too cheap. The 30s are the only ...
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2answers
81 views

What are the most highly leveraged ways for a retail investor to bet against volatility (or inverse volatility)?

I am aware that there is an inverse VIX ETF, but it is not leveraged. The only other way I can think of is to buy VXX puts? Is there another method I am not aware of that provides more leverage?
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65 views

Stock Options in Exchange for Salary

I received an offer letter with with the option to convert part of the salary to stock options as per the below table. Base salary is ₪33K/month (Israeli Shekel). Be aware of '₪' vs '$' in some ...
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1answer
49 views

Why are my funds locked up in my trading account while using bear put strategy?

Today I used a bear put strategy and I was surprised to see that some funds in my trading account were locked up as margin used. It is well known that the potential loss in bear put strategy is ...
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1answer
26 views

Implied volatility for options

To predict where a stock might trade at a year from now, you use a formula based on HV, stock price x IV, and that provides an assumption of where the stock might trade at a year from now. When ...
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1answer
53 views

Risk of selling stock cash secured puts and covered calls

I'm trying to determine what the potential downside is for selling call and put options, aside from the obvious loss of money if the stock moves past the strike price of the call or put sold. Right ...
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2answers
39 views

Does sigma in Black-Scholes attempt to take into account future events?

I am learning basic information about Black-Scholes wrt options pricing. I see that the standard deviation of the stock price is taken into account. This seems to only rely on existing (historical) ...
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2answers
31 views

Is the limiting factor in the volume of the options market options sellers or option buyers?

For example, options trade volume is less than that of equities, and most option trading is concentrated amongst a small group of top companies. However, that doesn't mean that there are profitable ...
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1answer
21 views

Implied volatility vs implied pdf

Good morning. I'm trying to download the implied volatility for at-the-money options on Eurodollar future 3 month. Is there some way to find it? Can it be calculated from the probability distribution ...
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2answers
112 views

Why did my options limit order fill so quickly?

A stock I hold went down heavily today. I found a November call option for pretty cheap, though it had a relatively large bid and ask spread. It also had low (or zero, I don't remember) open ...
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1answer
59 views

How come none of the VIX ETFs track the index exactly? [duplicate]

For example the VXX ETF (https://finance.yahoo.com/quote/VXX) does not track the index exactly (https://finance.yahoo.com/quote/%5EVIX/)
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1answer
73 views

Does option delta predict expiration probability?

I've read that delta is a probability of option assignment. For example, if you have a put with a delta of -.70, there is a 70% chance the option will be assigned. If the delta is -.04, there is only ...
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1answer
89 views

Options strategy to lock in profit

Let’s say I have 100 shares of XYZ, and over the past 9 months the share price has increased 20%. I don’t want to sell until the 12 month mark so I can benefit from a long term capital gains rate, but ...
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1answer
75 views

Is there a Greek that describe the sensitivity of an option's time value to strike?

Is there a Greek that describes the sensitivity of an option's time value to the strike price? Or is option time value independent of strike? It's obvious that strike doesn't change once an option is ...
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2answers
88 views

Does option demand influence option price?

Option prices are largely influenced by their intrinsic value: the underlying price, and the strike price. However, what effect do other factors have, including option demand? Is this ever reflected ...
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3answers
97 views

What are some strategies for profitable buying of naked options (call / put)?

I prefer naked options of the index and stocks for obvious reasons. I would like to know some strategies to remain profitable with it. Note: I choose first out the money (strike price) option ...
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2answers
290 views

Option Price changes as you get closer to earnings (but stock remains unchanged)

How do the price of options change as you get closer to earnings, if the stock doesn't change? Let's say, there's a call option that's worth $6.00 today for a strike price of $62.00 with the stock ...
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3answers
77 views

What hedging strategy can I use to approximate selling one half of an in-the-money option contract?

Apologies if the question title is confusing; I'll explain: I have one contract of an expensive call option which is in-the-money and expires next year. It has roughly tripled since I bought it, and ...
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1answer
44 views

What are the auctions redirecting some retail option orders that the WSJ is referring to and why is it disadvantageous to market makers?

In this article talking about market makers within the options market: Options on key indexes, exchange-traded funds and high-volume stocks dominate trading. Meanwhile, there is less activity in ...
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1answer
109 views

How was the media able to identify that certain VIX put and calls were made by the same entity?

From the article below, how can someone be certain all these trades were performed by the same entity? To fund it, the investor sold approximately 260,000 VIX puts expiring in January with a ...
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1answer
79 views

What stock(s) denote the unofficial start of “earnings season”?

I have heard AA (Alcoa Corporation) and JPM (JP Morgan Chase) mark the start of "earnings season" is there any other consensus?
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1answer
46 views

What types of derivatives, other than stock options, are available to the retail trader? [closed]

How can a retail trader identify other derivative instruments to trade, and how can one go about doing so?
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2answers
70 views

Why doesn't cumulative call open interest and cumulative put open interest inform future stock directionality?

For example, how come the ratio of total puts and calls doesn't accurately inform of the stock's future movement?
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1answer
66 views

Selling options on acquisition

I've been trying to understand this hypothetical scenario wherein a company in which you own options is acquired. In it, the author posits you own .67% and 20,000 shares ($2 strike price, $4 share ...
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2answers
115 views

What would happen if you suddenly entered a large buy to open position that exceeded the total combined existing open interest?

For example, suppose you are very bullish on a stock and you wanted to purchase the maximum amount of call options. Let's say the current total call open interest is 50,000 and you purchased 100,000 ...
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2answers
89 views

How open interest can be greater than the contracts traded for that day [closed]

Here is option chain data I am referring to. I was going through the option chain data. I noticed that the change in open interest was more than the volume that traded on that day. How is this ...
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1answer
18 views

Options Volatility and Settlement during a merger and acquisition

I'm trying to figure out how the vol of an option on a target change when the deal is a mix of cash stock. We know that in a cash deal, vol creeps to 0 as the deal collects approvals. Stock deal, vol ...
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3answers
64 views

Why don't options exchanges allow limit orders to include delta?

Since all options price models predict a delta (i.e., the theoretical ratio of option price change to underlying stock price change), I'm guessing most options investors and market makers are ...
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2answers
84 views

What happens to a PUT contract for a company that is sold above the strike price and before expiration?

I'm thinking of selling long dated put contracts for a company that I believe may be acquired before the expiration date. I'll use SNAP for my example. What would happen to in the following situation? ...
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1answer
64 views

Insuring against a drop in ETF using Put option

I am new to finance, markets and various financial securities. I just started with some Khan Academy Videos and Udemy courses. Our professor introduced the concept of using a Put Option to establish a ...
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3answers
113 views

Does an equivalent to stock “options” exist for CDs?

I was curious if an individual is able to purchase the option to get a CD at a particular rate in the future? Or alternatively defer the purchase of a CD and lock in the existing rate.
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3answers
121 views

Why would a long term option contract that's “in the money” trade at exactly the difference between strike and stock price?

A stock currently trades at $70.05 has the following option contract: 3/1/2019 $44 call The bid of this call is $26.05 which is the call's intrinsic value (the difference between $70.05 and $44.00)...
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2answers
129 views

Confusion about options: can one exercise at any time?

I am at the beginning of learning about options. I am reading a book on the subject. I am in a chapter about selling covered calls. The book says: Defensive covered call writers may prefer the ...
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2answers
53 views

Derivatives/Options: Underlying Asset

I am aware that the underlying of a derivative contract can be more or less "anything" : stocks, bonds, commodities, currencies, etc... However, I would like to know if it is normal that there are ...
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4answers
100 views

Stock options and cash settlement

Lets assume I buy one long call option on AAPL and as the expiry day gets closer the option is in the money. If I decide to exercise that option will there be a cash settlement or a delivery of the ...
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2answers
278 views

Why hold calls until expiration?

I am reading a book on options basics. I am in a chapter on selling covered calls. The author says that buyers of calls almost always hold the calls until expiration. Why is this? Here's how I ...