Questions tagged [options]

This tag is to be used for any question on Options, A more specific tag [put-options, call-options, options-assignment, option-exercise] should be used when appropriate.

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46 views

Market-Making Game Strategy [on hold]

Further to https://www.trade2win.com/threads/market-making-interview-games-and-questions.160886/ and https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1227122/market-making-card-bet-game, I thought that it ...
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I sold call options that expired ITM. Why were they not exercised?

I sold two covered call positions that expired Aug 9. Both expired ITM. The 1st one's strike price was $3.00. At expiration, the stock was $3.13 so 13 cents ITM (6 contracts). The 2nd one's strike ...
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35 views

How to research option maturity dates and volume [on hold]

Hello stack exchangers How do I get a list of stocks with their option maturity dates and volume? I am interested in stocks that have frequent maturity dates and high volumes. Once I have a list ...
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33 views

Are funds securing short puts in a cash account considered settled for free-riding?

For cash-secured put writing, I have enough cash in my account to cover the put if it is exercised. Is there a special category that this cash falls into with respect to free-riding? Say I wrote a $...
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54 views

How does exchange match multi-leg option orders?

Suppose I submit an order to open an iron condor or some other multi-leg stock option spread with multiple buys and sells. For example, if SPY is trading at 275, I might want to: sell a call at 290 ...
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50 views

Size limit on option buying and selling

While using Robinhood I have found that can buy/sell a maximum of 200 call options at a time. Is this a general rule for all trading clients at other brokers such as Ameritrade, Merrill Lynch, etc.?
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162 views

Selling options below bid on Robinhood

If you sell an option for cheaper than what is someone willing to pay, does Robinhood sell it for the best price or for the price you chose to sell it? I'm trying to figure out if I can do stop loss ...
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69 views

Why are vertical option spreads level 3, requiring margin?

Why are vertical spreads (e.g., buying a call at one strike and selling a call at another strike, at the same expiration date) classified as "Level 3" options strategies, therefore requiring margin? ...
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88 views

When an option expires does that constitute a buy or sell

A similar question recently asked about stock sales and option buys triggering wash sale rules. If an option expires, is that considered a buy/sale ? What I mean is: let's assume I have a call ...
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163 views

Robinhood doesn't allow you to exercise call options in the app?

On the Robinhood website, https://support.robinhood.com/hc/en-us/articles/360001331403, the following is written about exercising stock options: Can I exercise my call before expiration? Yes. ...
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104 views

Nadex binary option - trading at excessive prices?

I recently came across Nadex and in particular their binary option markets. Such an option pays off $100 or $0 depending on whether a specific exchange rate exceeds a strike price at a specific date. ...
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159 views

Why are options only traded during market hours?

I was wondering why options are only traded on exchanges during market hours and not after hours like stocks. Is it a liquidity issue? For the mega cap stocks though, even the options market has a ...
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70 views

Option trading spreads

When doing a vertical ( or any ) option spread trade how can you do it with options without having to actually buy 100 shares of stock? Is it possible just by buying 1 option contract? How is this ...
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1answer
41 views

Are there any other benefits to exercising EMI stock options straight away vs. as late as possible? (UK)

Once my options vest, according to the EMI scheme I have ten years to exercise them. I'm weighing up the pros and cons of exercising exactly at the point they vest versus leaving it to the last ...
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45 views

Put IVs being more than Call IVs - Can this be considered a bearish signal?

If in an Option Chain, 1) Average Put IVs are 4-5% more than average Call IVs 2) IV of Put Options, in general, is more than IV of equidistant Call Options (For eg . - For a stock @ 100 spot price, ...
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148 views

Determining the price of an option when it hasn't been traded recently

I am looking at MDB LEAPs. Right now the price of the stock is up about 7% from open. Some calls are up, and some puts also show up, which I guess is because they haven't traded today (I am using ...
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51 views

Naked Put at Expiration

For most brokers, how naked put works at the expiration? Buy the option at that price, if ITM. Buy the underlying stocks if having enough cash in the account. For 2, does it depend on if the option ...
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231 views

Trying to get my head around how options work

A stock X is trading at $215. I bought a put at a strike price $195 for $2.55 premium(paid $255) expiring June 7. Today the stock is down by $15 to $200. However, the price of my put is reduced from $...
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120 views

Sold a bullish vertical credit spread and was assigned early. Need information about a margin charge

Recently I was assigned on a short deep in-the-money put. It created a huge margin call. I called the broker the following day to exercise my long put to flatten out the position. He did that ...
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94 views

Iron Condor Profit Probability

I'm trying to see if I understand Iron Condors correctly and how to assess whether or not the risk is worth it for a given set of circumstances. The maximum profit on an IC is realized when all ...
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3answers
189 views

How to buy a contract for S&P 500 index?

I am researching writing covered calls on S&P500 index. So in order to sell covered call I need to buy a contract for S&P500 index. I've never traded indexes. What exactly I will be buying (...
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56 views

Is there a relationship between Post Hours Trading Volume spikes and Options?

So, I have watched a short video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lXRAhoNd-50) of Lawrence McMillan talking about trading options on or near expiration. He discuss that arbitrageurs says that they buy ...
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175 views

Who do you buy options from, if open interest is zero?

If open interest is 0, who will you buy an option contract from? And how the price is calculated? Also, initially, how the option contract price is determined?
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153 views

How to Hedge delta and gamma of a put option simultaneously?

Say you took a short put position of 100 options (as you feel the option is undervalued). This put has a Delta of -0.5, so to make the portfolio delta-neutral you short 50 shares of the underlying ...
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1answer
62 views

Mortgage Holders as Option Writers

Can someone explain to me how does it benefit the mortgage holder to be a writer of the option call on the long term debt and the put option on real estate prices? Other than the premium be gained I ...
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1answer
41 views

payoff at expiration of a protective put

Hello the question I was asked was What is the payoff at expiration of a protective put (a portfolio consisting of one share of stock and one put option on that stock with strike price K) if the ...
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74 views

Delta of a Vertical Spread | Slower than delta of long option?

People often prefer to trade options spreads rather than buying options, since those reduce your cost and have a defined profit and loss but what is the probability of success of a spread? For example ...
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Futures and premium

A stock will either go up to uS or down to dS next period. The risk-free rate is r. I'm using replicating portfolios to derive the premium on a futures contract with futures price F. What would the ...
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127 views

Why certain ETFs are popular( liquid) but Options on very same ETF are not

For example on comparing EEM/VWO , SPY/IVV/VOO etc and I always wonder why some ETFs are popular but options are not. I see a question How to pick ETFs that hedge against stock market crashes? that ...
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84 views

Why Options trading is charged on per contract basis

I have been trading options for years, but could not understand why Brokerages charge fee on basis of number of contracts. Per Fidelity : Trade for just $4.95 per online trade, plus $0.65 per ...
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104 views

why some brokerage does not allow uncovered (cash secured) put via online order?

In past, I had brokerage accounts with Vanguard and I have option level approved for writing uncovered put( Level 4). I could place covered call orders via the website. But to place uncovered put ( ...
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4answers
97 views

What do option contracts look like?

Options are said to constitute in essence a legal contract for one party to buy or sell an assets at a set price in a future time. In modern trading, is there also an actual contract in fact, that is ...
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135 views

Buy pre ipo'd start up company stock in small amount? [closed]

Is there any investment website/company through which I can buy small amounts of pre-PIOed company stock in a smaller amount? Most require $100K worth of investment. e.g. as an average investor can ...
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141 views

Option trading for dummies

If I buy a $200 call option for $22 ($0.22) that expires in 3 weeks, with a current share price of $140, can I sell the option two weeks from now if the share price has reached $180? I'm asking ...
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146 views

The math of this Investopedia article

I'm a little confused on how this article comes up with $650 instead of $700. From Investopedia. Consider the following example: XYZ is currently trading at $99.00 You own one XYZ Oct 90 ...
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1answer
38 views

What Happens to OTM Puts Following a Cash Aquisition?

Say I purchase OTM puts with a $5 strike and the underlying company is acquired through a tender offer that pays $19.00 cash per share. My contracts are accelerated and adjusted to reflect the new ...
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146 views

Spitznagel Black Swan Hedging

I am reading about how Spitznagel does hedging from Forbes - Protect your Tail. It's unclear to me how he is getting the returns he is claiming, Spitznagel's hedges mostly involve buying far-out-...
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130 views

Crash O Phobia and the reason for higher pricing of out of the money puts

In my stochastic finance course we are currently talking about Implied Volatility and Crash O'Phobia. According to Rubinsteins Crash O'Phobia, put-sellers attach a higher probability to the left tail ...
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99 views

Dollar Cost Averaging with At the Money Straddle

I was reading Dollar-cost averaging using an option strategy. Consider one month's investment of $30k. Looking at the VTI options, selling at ATM straddle expiring on June 21 worth $3.04 + $6.91 = $9....
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40 views

How to calculate return on capital for calendar year?

For an options portfolio, I'd like to calculate return on capital from Jan to Dec. These are monthly options that are held for a few days to months. There's a couple of problems with trying to ...
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82 views

Option Premium paid vs received

I understand what is the premium on an option. In case I acquire an option, the premium is considered as the price I pay to have the "right" to exercise the option. In case I sell an option, the ...
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33 views

Computing risk-neutral probability of spot rates

I am trying to use a binomial model to price options wtih bonds as the underlying security.If the current term structure is flat at 6%, but next year, I assume the one-year spot rate will be either 5% ...
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1answer
87 views

Equity vs Stock options?

I am a co-founder of a startup in the UK, the other co-founder wants to give me options instead of % equity because he believes when I eventually exit I will pay less tax and the company will too and ...
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1answer
78 views

Are two options ever too similar for taxes?

If I buy an option, wait 3 months, sell it, and then buy it back the next day, "wash sale" rules will apply. But, what happens when these three actions use slightly different options (e.g., strike ...
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195 views

Why would anyone ever buy these call options?

I'm starting to learn the ins-and-outs of options. For the time being, I'm only interested in selling call options of index funds. Browsing through the available options in Robinhood for the ETF IVV (...
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153 views

What fundamental value do Options give the economy?

I had been wondering lately what the economic value that financial Options (Calls, Puts, American, Bermudan, etc) give to the economy is. In essence, what good do they give us, vs. simply trading the ...
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65 views

Probability of success in a Bull Callspread

Suppose I have a bull call spread where I am long on an ATM Call (+ 0.509 delta) and short OTM call (- 0.220 delta). What will be my probability of success in this trade?
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199 views

Selling options to myself… which law does this violate?

If I sell a covered call from my IRA well above market value and use a separate account to buy the call, I've effectively added money to my IRA beyond the IRA's annual limit. (I can ensure I'm buying ...
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116 views

Why would an option's price not change with the underlying?

I saw a stock increase about 1.5% this week, but its June 2019 in the money option price didn't move. 'Last' has been the same for awhile, but I thought bid/ask (what my broker uses to decide the ...
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157 views

Difference between deltas of American vs European Call options

Is there a difference in the value of Delta of American and European options with the same underlying asset price, strike price, time to maturity? Also, is there any way to determine the price of an ...