Questions tagged [option-exercise]

In options trading, the option holder has the right but not the obligation to buy or sell the underlying instrument at a specified price on or before a specified date in the future. Exercise means to put into effect the right specified in an option contract.

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70 views

When exactly (time) is the 'automatic exercising' of an option triggered?

I understand that - for many brokers - an option that runs out is automatically exercised when it is 'in the money' on the end of its last day. My question is at what exact time is the decision made? (...
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If I have a fixed amount to invest, should I exercise and hold NSOs or ISOs of my company?

I am trying to play some scenarios to compare opportunity costs and hopefully decide on which route, to maximize my gains (after all taxations). I formulated a spreadsheet to help me calculate a few ...
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confused about option expiration date

Many websites said option expires on the third Friday of the month, only once per month. However, this is NOT true for the data I saw for Tesla, from Yahoo finance. From https://finance.yahoo.com/...
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Options Help - Partial allocation of shares?

I'm still learning options trading and got into it recently on Robinhood - but I have a few quick questions. I have 2 contracts for ACB $12.5 Put 9/4. When I go through the steps to exercise it, I ...
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Can any European-style options be exercised before expiration?

I found a page that says the following about European-style options (in the context of weekly and end-of-month options for S&P 500 futures): European-style options can be exercised only on the ...
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Does option “automatic exercise” take commission into consideration?

Automatic exercise is a procedure implemented to protect an option holder where the Option Clearing Corporation (OCC) will automatically exercise an "in the money" option for the holder, ...
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77 views

How long does it take to exercise an option?

If I have a call option and exercise it today will I be able to receive the shares immediately to sell them?
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How do exercise oracles work in exchange-traded options?

I understand that this is basically an automated way to exercise an option for a customer as close to expiration time as possible, but I'm curious about how the system operates precisely. Does the ...
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1answer
69 views

Basic Option Trading question

I have a question, let say if I buy put options from the brokerage and sell the put options when the stock price is below my strike price. Now in this scenario, do I straight away earn the profit or ...
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How do settlement times and Reg T work for options exercise and assignment in a cash account?

If I have a position in a standard PM-settled equity/ETF option in a cash account, are buys and sells of the underlying due to exercise or assignment treated the same as any other stock buys and sells ...
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If I sell an out of the money put option for 20$, and the stock goes to 5$ below the strike price, how likely is it to Be exercised?

If ACME is at 100 and I sell a 90$ put option for 10$, how likely is it that the option will be exercised if the price is less than the strike price but above (strike - cost)? 85$ For instance? If he ...
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Why do people exercise call options at a loss?

I sold some call options for $2.55 premium at strike price of $130. At expiration, the market price was $130.55. I thought the option was not deep in the money and at a loss of $2, hence I didn't ...
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Is it necessary to have 100 x strike price in cash or margin before entering a naked call credit spread?

Context I have no background in Finance but I have many years experience in investing in equities for my personal portfolio so I have a basic understanding I have never traded options I'm keen to ...
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Exercising Options question. Please check my math

I'm spending some time learning options and I have a scenario question. I'm attempting to have this make sense in my head but this just doesn't seem right or maybe I'm missing something. I see this ...
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1answer
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I sold call options that expired ITM. Why were they not exercised?

I sold two covered call positions that expired Aug 9. Both expired ITM. The 1st one's strike price was $3.00. At expiration, the stock was $3.13 so 13 cents ITM (6 contracts). The 2nd one's strike ...
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Exercising options is not instantaneous

As I understand it, exercising an option does not happen immediately. You send in the instructions to exercise and it gets done at market close for that day. What if, in between the moment you send in ...
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1answer
142 views

ISO exercise limit before triggering AMT

With recent 2018 changes to AMT, I wanted to understand how much ISO options can I exercise without making a material difference in AMT Scenario Current income 200k Claiming standard deduction for ...
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What tax forms should I expect if I exercise and sell options from a company where I am no longer employed?

This article suggests that if I were to exercise options that I was granted as part of an ISO grant and then sell them in the same year, the bargain element would be recorded in my W-2 form. What ...
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1answer
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What happens to long otm oex puts if you exercise them?

Since OEX index options are cash settled and are American style, what would happen if you decided to exercise an out of the money put? Would you end up paying the difference between the strike and ...
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If an in-the-money put option is not exercised by 4 p.m. ET on the expiration date, does it become worthless?

If an in-the-money put option is not exercised by 4 p.m. ET on the expiration date, can the shares be assigned to the seller of the put option, or does it expire worthless?
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If my ISOs are converted to NSOs, do I still have 90 days to exercise my vested options as ISOs?

Let's say I have a bunch of incentive stock options (ISOs) in a company that have vested but I have not exercised yet. If I were to leave the company, I have 90 days to exercise them with ISO tax ...
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I sold my earned incentive stock options back to my employer - how is the money taxed?

I recently sold my vested incentive stock-options back to my employer (i.e. so rather than having to spend $20,000 of my own money to exercise my options and make very little paper gain initially, I ...
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184 views

Confusion about options: can one exercise at any time?

I am at the beginning of learning about options. I am reading a book on the subject. I am in a chapter about selling covered calls. The book says: Defensive covered call writers may prefer the ...
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4answers
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Stock options and cash settlement

Lets assume I buy one long call option on AAPL and as the expiry day gets closer the option is in the money. If I decide to exercise that option will there be a cash settlement or a delivery of the ...
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How to know FMV of ISOs?

I'm researching when is best to purchase ISOs I've been vesting at a private venture-backed startup. My understanding is that when I exercise, AMT will trigger and I will have to pay those taxes based ...
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Does AMT affect cost basis of future capital gains?

Suppose I exercise 10k stock options for $1/share, and fair-market value is $2/share. Normally, taxes are deferred until when I sell them. And when I sell, the basis for capital gains is $1/share. ...
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Why hold calls until expiration?

I am reading a book on options basics. I am in a chapter on selling covered calls. The author says that buyers of calls almost always hold the calls until expiration. Why is this? Here's how I ...
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Exercising an out of the money option

Let's say I sell a call option and before expiration date, it is out of the money. The buyer would not exercise it normally. I am just curious as to what would happen to my account if he does decide ...
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1answer
454 views

No margin account and put expires ITM

This question is a followup to a recent and similar question on buying a put: When a long PUT expires in-the-money, whose shares are being sold?. Suppose I don't have a margin account, and I buy a ...
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1answer
290 views

Should I exercise my stock options? [duplicate]

I am a new hire at a large private company that is undergoing some rapid growth. I hope to stay with this company for at least the next few years. At my hire, I was offered stock options equivalent ...
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188 views

Options and exercise

Why do people exercise call options early? If the price of the stock rises above the exercise price, the profit from selling the option would be greater than the profit from exercising the option and ...
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4answers
115 views

Call vs Puts: a short position can profit using both depending on strike price?

I'm confused about whether you want to own a call or put if you believe a stock price will go down. Most articles have described owning Puts as betting the stock will go down, and calls as betting ...
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1answer
72 views

AMT Tax on Company Stock Options

I must exercise approx. $100k in company stock options in the 1Q19 as they are expiring. My estimated 2019 income is $235k. Any advice on minimizing AMT tax of 28% on the est. $175k in profit when I ...
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5k views

Understanding on closing an option

I have read that there are three scenarios when it comes to closing an option: You can buy or sell to “close” the position prior to expiration. The options expire out-of-the-money and worthless, so ...
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A beginner question on call option

I made my first options transaction. I believe that a stock that is currently trading around 25, will be in the 40s, come August - based on my research (I know the stock well, and I've invested in ...
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Exercise a stock option in a US-based company as a non US tax resident

I'm given 1000 stock options (all vested) at $100 strike price per option. Current stock valuation is $1000 per share. As I understand, if I exercise I'll pay $100K out of my pocket and I'll also get ...
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1answer
1k views

Is there a reason to exercise a stock option as soon as it vests?

Background: I am currently employed by a start-up that, so far, is doing really well. As part of my contract, I have stock options that will come available on a typical vesting schedule. A quarter of ...
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What is the Meaning of the Black-Scholes Value?

We are currently learning about the Black-Scholes Merton Model. I understand the process of finding the call option. However, I'm wondering what the answer actually means. For example: Stock Price = ...
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0answers
453 views

Can you keep exercised EMI options after leaving a company?

I'm fairly unknowledgeable regarding financial matters, so any help would be greatly appreciated. I have been granted EMI options with my current employer, half of which have vested. The company is ...
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2k views

Wouldn't it always make sense to be an Option Writer (seller)?

I've read multiple times that options are rarely, if ever, exercised, and 90+% usually expire into nothingness. If that's the case, wouldn't you always want to be an option writer? If nobody is ever ...
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601 views

Why is there a significant disparity between 409A valuation and fair market value?

I'm at an interesting juncture where I have the opportunity to exercise some ISOs at a startup, and I'm somewhat confused at the disparity between the two valuations. In my case, I can exercise my ...
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223 views

Confusion about trading options

There is one thing I do not get about trading options (let's restrict this to calls), and no online resource I've come across seems to talk about the following scenario. There are 3 parties in this: A,...
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Find buyer for private stock?

I've got options to exercise "in the money" by March. However, I would like to sell part of the stock I will buy. The company is not publicly traded. In the agreement I've got the right to sell to ...
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1answer
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Why exercise ISO/QSO early?

What advantage would there be to exercising incentive stock options early? I understand that for lowest US income taxes, you have to wait 2 years after excising to sell. But two years now vs. two ...
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1answer
121 views

How to determine option exercise limits?

I recently bumped up against the exercise limit for number of option contracts I could hold at once. I.e. a message saying I couldn't hold more than 500 when attempting to do a Buy to Open on Call ...
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1answer
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How does reporting AMT for shares later sold as long-term cap gain work? [duplicate]

I'm unsurprisingly confused: If I exercise ISOs in Jan 2017 and sell them in Feb 2018, how is income reported for AMT purposes and profit reported for cap gain purposes -- are BOTH reported on my ...
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457 views

What's the point of abandoning an in-the-money option? (i.e., not exercising it)

What's the point of abandoning an in-the-money option? (i.e., not exercising it) (Related: Exercise an out of the money option)
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How can it be possible that only ~10% of options expire worthless, and only ~10% are exercised?

While researching stock options, I have read in many places that options meet the following ends with the following frequencies: ~10% expire worthless. ~10% are exercised. ~80% are traded away; the ...
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1answer
203 views

Do we always get back AMT money for stock options?

I'm thinking of early exercising my stock options. One of the reasons is that I won't have to pay alternative minimum tax (AMT) now (strike price is equal to fair market value). But from what I ...
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2answers
510 views

Payroll taxes on exercised stock options

The company I work for was recently sold. As part of the buyout, non-qualified stock options held by certain employees were exercised and sold immediately to the buyer. Since multiple employees were ...