Questions tagged [ipo]

For personal finance questions related to a company's Initial Public Offering (IPO).

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6
votes
7answers
2k views

Does IPO mean going public or already being public company?

I know IPO means that particular company, regardless of the country, is offering some quantity of their stocks to the public via stock exchange. I also assume (but not sure) that in case if they are ...
0
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0answers
41 views

why don't private companies organize investors into a 'holding investment firms' as opposed to doing an IPO?

The 'holding investment firms' would exist only to invest in that company. Would bypass rules about a maximum number of shareholders a company can have. Maximum number of allowed shareholders would ...
2
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1answer
93 views

Where can the founder of a company sell his stocks?

Let's assume that we have a tech company that wants to go public. In its IPO, the founder of the company wants to get $10 millions for 10% percent of the company. Those $10 millions will be ...
1
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1answer
64 views

How does a company earn money from going IPO and being on the stock exchange? [duplicate]

Please clarify if I understand the process of a company going IPO and selling shares on the stock market. A company goes IPO, and starts of with selling 1 million shares on an exchange. Sets the ...
0
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0answers
36 views

IPO - Investment Banks - Stock Exchanges

Can anyone explain to me, how does a company, an investment banks, and a stock exchange work during an Initial Public Offering. First, the company wishing to go public contacts an IB to study and ...
0
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1answer
66 views

IPO Lock up trade

I have a question regarding how to benefit from major price movements after the end of a lock-up period post IPO. I have seen that in many cases there are no extraordinary movements in the prices in ...
0
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1answer
42 views

ARAMCO's financial statements [closed]

Can anybody explain me how come that ARAMCOS financial reports are available to the public while its not publicly traded company. Thank you!
12
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3answers
3k views

How do companies get money from being listed publicly? [duplicate]

How do companies get their money from being on the stock market? I understand the reason a company will list is to raise capital. Who gives them this money? The stock market is between buyers and ...
2
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0answers
126 views

How can a single unit of a business be worth more than its entire market cap?

As of today, June 26th 2019, Thyssenkrupp AG has a market cap of approximately 7.3 billion euros. On May 10th 2019, Thyssenkrupp AG announced that it will take its elevator business public in an IPO. ...
0
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1answer
40 views

Are shares from a direct listing available as soon as markets open?

I’ve noticed in conventional IPOs that some companies’ trading data doesn’t start showing up until the early afternoon on the day they go public. Looking back at Zoom (ZM) for example I’m now able to ...
0
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0answers
27 views

Are IPO lockup shares counted when calculating eps?

For example, Company XYZ has an IPO on January 1st They offer 10 million shares 90 million shares are still held by insiders The lockup lasts until June 1st They report earnings of $100m for Q1 on ...
0
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1answer
57 views

SEC institutional pre-IPO disclosure

All funds/managers with assets above 100M need to file their holdings with the SEC in the form of a 13F. like this one for example : https://sec.report/Document/0001567619-19-011051 There is a column ...
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1answer
151 views

Buy pre ipo'd start up company stock in small amount? [closed]

Is there any investment website/company through which I can buy small amounts of pre-PIOed company stock in a smaller amount? Most require $100K worth of investment. e.g. as an average investor can ...
3
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2answers
656 views

Can an IPO be cancelled if not successful?

Let's say the Company C goes public using a Fixed Price Offering. It emits 10000 shares at 10 euros per share. What happens if investors only subscribe to, let's say, 789 shares. That gives a ...
4
votes
1answer
124 views

How can I establish myself to be an “accredited investor” relative to an IPO?

A US company with which I have an affiliation (I'm not an employee; I don't think the specifics of our relationship are relevant here) is preparing an IPO and there is a directed share program for a ...
1
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1answer
329 views

What happens on the NYSE during an IPO such that the first trade may take hours after the opening bell?

So, I understand that today's Spotify IPO isn't a traditional IPO. But I think my question extends beyond this. At about 12:45pm today, shares of Spotify finally started trading on NYSE. Opening bell ...
5
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1answer
816 views

If I earn RSUs in a private company while living in California, and am no longer employed with the company at IPO, do I owe California taxes?

I'm employed at a private company in San Francisco. Part of my compensation is in RSUs, which are subject to the standard two vesting conditions for startup company stock: time, and the occurrence of ...
4
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1answer
176 views

How to buy an IPO?

how does one buy an IPO? Are these only for institutional investors? For example Dropbox IPO'd at $21, yet I don't think I had the opportunity to purchase at this rate. I can buy on the stock exchange ...
1
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0answers
52 views

What percent of first post-IPO earnings reports are disappointing?

It seems like every time a company has its IPO, the next earnings report fails to meet expectations and the stock price plummets. Shouldn't expectations be lower considering the frequency at which ...
0
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2answers
116 views

Precedent and models for 100% equity available via initial offering?

In consideration of the most ethical distribution of shares for a startup business (via a public, initial investment event ie- IPO, ICO, or 'crowd-equity-fundraiser') the following occurred to me. ...
0
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1answer
74 views

What is the meaning of public stock price data from before the official first day of trading? [duplicate]

I have noticed that some companies, in the weeks prior to a first listing day or IPO, have share prices listed. This often seems to happen before a spinoff, such as in Xylem's (XYL) 2011 spinoff from ...
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1answer
322 views

Why do some services list an IPO date that is well after historical price data you can find elsewhere?

The IPO date I find for the MMM Corporation is 1/13/1978 (http://www.crunchbase.com/ipo/3m-ipo--e0c82f24). Google Finance has price data going back to that date (http://finance.google.com/finance?q=...
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1answer
1k views

Is Volvo a public company?

I am wondering whether Volvo is a public company. Seemingly Volvo is traded (and has been for years): https://finance.yahoo.com/quote/VOLV-B.ST?ltr=1 But a lot of articles are talking about a ...
2
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1answer
1k views

What Happens to Cofounders' Shares when they IPO?

When a company starts off, 100% of shares are owned by cofounders. By the time a company is considering IPO, the shares are owned like 70% by cofounders and 30% by options-holders (like employees) (I ...
3
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1answer
154 views

What does it mean for issuing corporations to “crank out expensive shares when markets are frothy … and issue debt when markets are cheap”?

Can someone explain this excerpt from William Bernstein's article "The $100 Billion Oxymoron": But don't feel too sorry for issuing corporations, they are past-masters at cranking out expensive ...
0
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1answer
555 views

Share price increase around the end of the “quiet period” vs. the “IPO lock up period”?

As explained here, the IPO lock up period is ...a period of time after a company has initially gone public, usually between 90 to 180 days. During these initial days of trading, company ...
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1answer
820 views

How does a public company turn shares into cash?

Once a company starts trading publicly, how do they turn shares into cash that they can then use to grow their business? From what I've read so far, it seems that pre-IPO an investment bank ...
8
votes
1answer
924 views

what's the difference between money raised in an ipo and its valuation?

I see news that says "company X wants to raise 3 million dollars at a valuation of 25 million dollars". How does the company get this 3 million? And is the valuation determined in part by how much ...
0
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1answer
175 views

Selling shares after company does IPO

Let's say a co-founder who worked (but no longer does) for a company prior to it going public still owns 1% (100,000 shares of 10,000,000 total) of the company. If the company does an IPO and offers ...
1
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1answer
152 views

Why public companies care how their stock price fluctuates? [duplicate]

After IPO, the socks are traded between 3rd parties (let's assume the company's employees don't own shares), so why should the company care what's their (perceived) value on the market? After the IPO, ...
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1answer
526 views

How is initial stock price (IPO) of a stock determined

Stock price = Company value / Amount of stocks Who determines company value at IPO? As I understand It is determined by the owner? Or external experts?
0
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1answer
469 views

Why a company files multiple S-1 (IPO)

I have noticed companies file multiple s-1 and s-1/a What is the difference between s-1 and s-1/a when both are being used to file IPO. And why a company files multiple s-1 / s-1/a forms. Isn't that ...
11
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3answers
5k views

Must a company have a specific number of employees to do an IPO?

I'm interested in a job offering from a company that is going for an IPO (Initial Public Offering) in the next 6 months. It is rumored that once the IPO is done they will lay off a lot of employees ...
3
votes
1answer
378 views

How to bet against IPOs?

Suppose one expects that IPOs, on the whole, show poor performance following the IPO (especially if one buys at the IPO), and wishes to bet against them. This can be done by simply shorting every IPO ...
1
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2answers
219 views

If a company has already IPO'ed and sold its shares, what is the incentive to keep making money? [closed]

If a company has already 'exited' with an IPO and sold its shares, what is the incentive to keep making money?
2
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2answers
954 views

When is an IPO considered failure? [closed]

I am reading case of Air Berlin IPO. It has detail that investors where unhappy as the operating profit was less and company's strategy was not aligned to increase profit. But why did knowing ...
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4answers
248 views

Why should a company go public?

For someone who holds stock in a privately held startup (through exercised employee options) is it preferable to see the company aiming to go public so that stock can be sold on the open market? It ...
0
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1answer
51 views

What numbers to look for investment returns

I'm exploring the field of investments and would like to know roughly what numbers and estimates have to be looked at for a company that is going to become public soon. For instance, if I buy 10% of ...
4
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1answer
468 views

Where to find CSV or JSON data for publicly traded companies listed with their IPO date?

I found some of this data on Nasdaq's website, but a third of the IPO dates were listed as "n/a".
0
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2answers
613 views

Determine share price from S-1 for company that was bought before going public

I would like to determine (roughly) the value of an individual share of common stock based on S-1 (Pre-IPO) filing for a private corp that was acquired instead of going public. The company sale price ...
3
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1answer
176 views

When after a companys IPO date can I purchase shares?

There recently was an IPO, and when I tried to buy shares that day Scottrade prompted me with: Error: Unable to enter the order because the symbol entered is not a Listed or Nasdaq National ...
6
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1answer
2k views

Implications of a Canadian company IPO having a dual TSX/NYSE stock listing?

As an exampe, Shopify will go public this upcoming May 26th, selling shares both on the TSX and the NYSE. What are some of the main implications of this dual IPO, other than the fact that the ...
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1answer
60 views

Where can I find the source of this shareholder-detail-table image?

I am reading some news online and found an image in one post. I'd like to know where is the source. It looks like a website. Thanks,
6
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4answers
510 views

Buying shares in employer's company during IPO

So the company that I work for has just put out an IPO to float on the share market. They have offered employee's the opportunity to purchase reserved shares before the offer goes public, up to $10 ...
1
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1answer
581 views

should the Market Capitalization be equal to the Equity of the firm

I am new in finance and I was wondering the following probably stupid questions that I don't seem to find answer anywhere. When the owner of a firm decides to make its firm public should the Market ...
4
votes
2answers
971 views

How are stocks in an IPO allocated to investors

Example: the VRL Logistics IPO was subscribed 74x, how is it decided who gets shares and who doesnt? This is assuming the number of those who applied at the highest price point is still greater than ...
2
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1answer
2k views

How does a company get money by going public in an IPO?

If a company goes public, how does it get the money? Will the underwriter pay the company once it goes for initial public offering (IPO)? Does that have anything to do with the valuation? Say a ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Any reason to invest in a mutual fund at launch?

Hargreaves are launching a new UK growth fund next week. Is there any particular reason to get in at the start? I figure it's not like an IPO? The fund value is based on performance, right, not ...
4
votes
4answers
19k views

How much of a company goes public?

When a company goes public, does that mean that it is 100% public? I just saw this infographic. And after I saw the last pie divided I wondered if companies are actually give only a percentage of the ...
0
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1answer
55 views

Shareholder in US based company

I am completely blind regarding this stocks and shares. So here is my situation. My brother is working in US. He is going to start an IT company there. I will be a partner. He said he will write 20% ...