Questions tagged [etf]

To be used for any questions relating to Exchange Traded Funds.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
33
votes
2answers
2k views

What are the important differences between mutual funds and Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs)?

I've been considering, but haven't committed myself yet to investing in Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs), but have to admit that I don't yet fully understand the use-case for them. What factors are ...
21
votes
5answers
6k views

Why are daily rebalanced inverse/leveraged ETFs bad for long term investing?

I was reading this article about S&P 500 short ETFs: https://www.zacks.com/stock/news/176217/4-ways-to-short-the-sampp-500-with-etfs and I was confused when it said: "investors should note that ...
21
votes
7answers
4k views

Investing in a leveraged index ETF for retirement. Risky?

I'm 23, and in addition to my 401k at work, I have a few thousand saved in an IRA. Right now I have it sitting in Treasurys earning around 3%. Over the past 50 years the S&P has averaged around ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Long-term cash-equivalent ETFs for “cash” allocation in a portfolio?

My retirement account goal analyzer advises that I keep 3% in cash. My retirement date is over 30 years from now, so I can tolerate heavy volatility and certainly don't need liquidity. Does it make ...
15
votes
8answers
2k views

No transaction fee ETF trades - what's the catch?

I just noticed TD Ameritrade has program where you can trade from a list of ETFs with zero fees. Sounds like it could save me a bit of money, but my cynical side wonders how they make money off such ...
24
votes
3answers
2k views

What differentiates index funds and ETFs?

Many companies offer index funds and ETFs. If two funds or ETFs track the same fund, what differentiates the two? Is it common for one index fund to outperform another? How can this happen if the ...
6
votes
1answer
580 views

Wash sale rule + Mutual Funds/ETFs?

According to IRS rules, you can't sell a security, take a capital loss on your taxes, and then buy back the same or a "substantially identical" security within 30 days. However, "substantially ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Pros & cons of buying gold directly vs. investing in a gold ETF like GLD, IAU, SGOL?

Google search brings up some articles on this topic, but they can be biased, so: What are the advantages and disadvantages of buying physical gold vs. investing in a gold ETF like GLD, IAU, or SGOL?
7
votes
1answer
1k views

“Cap gains exposure” of an ETF — what does it mean?

Morningstar provides an ETF data point called potential cap gains exposure. For example, here is Vanguard's Europe ETF (VGK): This value is negative 78% for VGK. I understand that this is a good ...
24
votes
4answers
7k views

Why would a long-term investor ever chose a Mutual Fund over an ETF?

(I read this previous question but would like to differentiate my question by having it focus exclusively on long term, buy and hold investing). From my understanding, it is conventional wisdom that ...
17
votes
3answers
2k views

Regular contribution threshold for ETF vs Index Mutual Fund?

I've seen enough info out there comparing lump-sum investments into ETFs vs mutual funds with respect to broker commissions in the case of ETFs, and the discrepancy between MERs between the two. In ...
8
votes
1answer
180 views

Do ETF owners buy and liquidate units from the market when gap between market value and value of underlying shares is large?

Due to various reasons, an ETF, even an index ETF might trade at a value lower that the value of its underlying securities. In such a situation, can the company managing the ETF actually buy from the ...
1
vote
1answer
193 views

What forces affect the value of my ETF?

I hold a position in CSPX, an ETF tied to the S&P 500 traded on the LSE. The closing price of CSPX was 262.68USD at a gain of 0.2%. The S&P 500 itself closed higher at at 1.6%. There are a ...
1
vote
1answer
607 views

Why an ETF mirrors the underlying index on a day to day basis but not on a long term basis

Some ETFS like NUGT,DUST say that they replicate the performance of the underlying index on a daily basis. My first question is, do all ETFS do this, or only some? Also, why does it say that "not ...
1
vote
2answers
660 views

How are ETF prices calculated after the market is closed

For example: Because the NASDAQ: DAX is tracking the index INDEXDB: DAX should its trading value be completely flat when the market the markets are open in the US, but closed in Germany? I'm not ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

Is there a currency risk in UCITS ETFs?

I'm interested in buying ETFs that track the US market, but because of the latest EU MiFID regulations, I'm only allowed to purchase investment products that come accompanied by some "KID", a Key ...
68
votes
6answers
8k views

At what point do index funds become unreliable?

Passively investing in exchange-traded funds that track some broad index is often recommended for private investors that don't have the time or expertise for active investment. In particular, index ...
10
votes
4answers
937 views

What low-fee & liquid exchange-traded index funds / ETFs should I consider holding in a retirement portfolio?

I'm still (one year later) going through an exercise to restructure my retirement portfolio. To date, I've been using a mix of exchange-traded index funds. Some trade on the TSX, and others trade in ...
8
votes
2answers
844 views

Assessing the value of an ETF

I recently read through Graham's The Intelligent Investor and am looking at what index ETFs or Index Mutual Funds it makes sense for me to invest in. As I was considering this I realized that, at ...
18
votes
2answers
6k views

Why do ETFs that replicate the S&P 500 vary significantly in price?

From Wikipedia: Exchange-traded funds (ETFs) that replicate the performance of the index are issued by The Vanguard Group (NYSE Arca: VOO), iShares (NYSE Arca: IVV), and State Street Corporation (...
6
votes
3answers
530 views

What to look for in an ETF

I wish to invest in an ETF. Sure, I can see what companies it comprise of. Sure, I can open brokerage account in my bank, etc. How do I know the ETF I purchase is legitimate? What if the ETF is ...
5
votes
1answer
323 views

Can ETFs trade at negative prices?

With Oil futures trading at negative prices yesterday, what happens to ETFs like USO that hold these contracts? If one buys such an ETF, is it possible to lose more than the price at which it is ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

How to understand a volatility based ETF like VXX

The ETF VXX is based on the volatility index VIX. If volatility goes up, VIX goes up and VXX goes up. Similar thing for the downside. Now when I buy an ETF like SPY, I can conceptually understand that ...
11
votes
3answers
871 views

ETF vs Mutual Fund: How to decide which to use for investing in a popular index?

How do you decide between investing in an ETF, vs. in a mutual fund, for the popular stock indexes? Trading costs, tax efficiency, capital gains?
5
votes
1answer
526 views

Entry/exit fees for ETFs, do I need to care?

I'm saving for my retirement, partly by buying ETFs. One of these ETFs is Amundi Msci Eastern Europe EX Russia. At the corresponding Bloomberg site, I found some information that confused me: Front ...
4
votes
1answer
727 views

What is the difference between shares and ETF?

For example, I see that this: Vanguard FTSE All-World ex-US Index Fund Investor Shares (VFWIX) is Also available as an ETF and at a lower cost as an Admiral™ Shares mutual fund What is the ...
4
votes
1answer
482 views

Why do passive ETFs require so much trading (and incur costs)?

As far as I've understood, the idea of passive ETFs is to track an index. Typically, the index is a value-weighted stock market index, such as the S&P500. Now, if I'm not mistaken, tracking a ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

“Diversifying” by going Long and Short Simultaneously

I was hoping someone could take a critical eye to an idea i've had. Traditionally it's said that one should diversify across various asset classes and ultimately types to spread the risk out based on ...
3
votes
1answer
217 views

Understanding how an ETF works

I am trying to fully understand how an ETF works. For the sake of simplicity, let us restrict ourselves to physical replica ETFs. Let us suppose that an ETF follows an index which tracks three stocks:...
6
votes
3answers
424 views

Why does the iShares EEM ETF have a higher expense ratio than similar ETFs like VWO?

Why is iShares able to charge more for EEM in comparison to VWO (a very similar ETF)? Investors/Traders are mostly institutional and in general, these entities have more insight (though simple ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Who determines, and how, the composition of the S&P 500 index?

I thought S&P 500 would contain the top 500 U.S. companies by market cap, but apparently that is not the case? e.g., Facebook (FB) was only recently added and has market cap of $100B whereas ...
4
votes
1answer
129 views

Why might a brokerage firm stop offering a particular ETF commission free?

I have been happily buying units of IVV commission free via TD Ameritrade. They just revised their list of free ETFs and sadly IVV is not one of them. Most of the other institutions don't offer it ...
4
votes
2answers
333 views

How can I tell if an ETF is expensive?

For stocks, I can easily look at the price/earnings ratio, and, according to The Intelligent Investor, stand clear of those with a ratio higher than 20. How can I tell if the current price of an ETF ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Trying to understand the toxicity of a Leveraged ETF as a hedge

Using TWM as an example. Long term it looks very crazy. Like back in 2007 it was at $600 and now it is at $40. Let's say I have $10,000 in investing. My plan was to put $1,000 in something like TWM to ...
2
votes
1answer
156 views

Does GOP tax reform bill require selling earliest shares first?

An early draft of the GOP tax reform bill contained this provision, as reported by taxfoundation.org: The Senate draft of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act would require sellers of stock in any one company ...
2
votes
2answers
818 views

Why buying an inverse ETF does not give same results as shorting the ETF

I was reading on the pros and cons of shorting an ETF vs buying an inverse ETF on yahoo I do not understnad this explanation why over hte logner term, shorting is not equivalent to buying an inverse ...
1
vote
4answers
1k views

Is the gold and silver in the GLD and SLV ETFs leveraged?

There are various blogs and videos that indicate that the gold that GLD holds (via HSBC) and the silver that SLV holds (via JP Morgan) is leveraged 50 to 1 or 100 to 1. For me there are some ...
0
votes
4answers
462 views

Are there any non-decreasing securities on the stock market?

Are there any securities traded on the stock market (i.e. ETPs) that never decrease in value? As an aside (in case anyone mentions bonds): I'm aware there's ETFs for AAA-rated government bonds, but ...
26
votes
7answers
3k views

Why is the dominant investing advice for individuals to use mutual funds, exchanged traded funds (ETFs), etc

The dominant advice on this site (including that which I give to novices) regarding investing is to only invest in fund vehicles (mutual funds, ETFs, etc), rather than in individual stocks. Why is ...
34
votes
12answers
17k views

“Don't invest now because the market is high”

I have heard many people in my life say things like The market is low so it's a good time to invest or The market is high so don't invest It makes me wonder if mean-reversion is actually a ...
18
votes
4answers
9k views

Buying an US ETF from Europe using Interactive Brokers

I am trying to buy an ETF using my account in Interactive Brokers. I am surprised to see that it is not possible. I am living in Europe and trying to buy an ETF in US dollars. Their response to ...
22
votes
5answers
21k views

Why don't SPY, SPX, and the e-mini s&p 500 track perfectly with each other?

These tickers (SPY, SPX, /ES) are all based off the S&P 500 yet the relative lows and highs diverge. Can someone provide a basic explanation what causes this to happen? I feel like it may stem ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Is my “retire young” strategy a sensible one?

My goal is to have enough to retire at 40. I have 11 years to go (I'm 29) as of the past 15th. To be clear, I don't plan on retiring, maybe ever, but I want to have enough to just quit one day if I ...
12
votes
6answers
7k views

Should I continue to invest in an S&P 500 index fund?

I am saving to buy a house in 5-8 years. This year I invested $40,000 in a prominent ETF which tracks with the S&P 500. So far, I've lost $3,250, that is the stocks are now worth $36,750. I save $...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Where can you find historical PEs of US indices?

Indices tracking ETFs * DIAMONDS Trust I (ticker: DIA) tracks DJIA * SPDRs (ticker: SPY) tracks S&P 500 * NASDAQ 100 Trust (ticker: QQQQ) tracks NASDAQ 100 * iShares Russell 2000 (ticker: IWM) ...
6
votes
4answers
5k views

What is the easiest way to back-test index funds and ETFs?

Some authors are irritating such as Stein, more here, they keep throwing people all kind of new "investing" strategies and different ideas after their last ideas stopped working. I feel such authors ...
8
votes
3answers
860 views

Where are Bogleheadian World ETFs or Index funds?

The term bogleheadian is a bit ambiguous term but its simplification means low-cost, diversified, tax-efficient -- solutions. The slant is ETFs or index funds. William Bernstein wrote in some of his ...
7
votes
1answer
242 views

Can an ETF perform differently than its holdings?

A mutual fund is just a portfolio of stocks (or other assets) and hence the fund performs as well as its holdings [minus various fees]. However, an exchange traded fund (ETF) performs, like a stock, ...
3
votes
3answers
289 views

Is investing in an ETF generally your best option after establishing a Roth IRA?

It seems that many people recommend investing in an ETF when you just start out with a Roth IRA at a very early age. I was wondering why this is so, and if there are some better or complimentary ...
10
votes
4answers
4k views

Is it a viable/good long term investment strategy to buy only index ETFs?

I'm in my late 30s living in the EU and for some time now, I've put the vast majority of my savings into a number of index ETFs. This is based on the philosophy that trying to beat the market is a ...