Questions tagged [derivatives]

This tag is to be used for any question on deravites. It should typically be used in conjuction with the actual instrument being used like Options, Swaps, Futures

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2answers
2k views

What is the Meaning of the Black-Scholes Value?

We are currently learning about the Black-Scholes Merton Model. I understand the process of finding the call option. However, I'm wondering what the answer actually means. For example: Stock Price = ...
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2answers
116 views

If option prices are publicly quoted on an options exchange, why do people use Black-Sholes to estimate their price?

I always wondered why the Black-Sholes-Merton model was used to estimate the price of European-style options when their prices are available on quoted exchanges? I think I am missing something big ...
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4answers
4k views

Why is XYZ $70.5 strike call more expensive than $68 strike call?

The link below shows the February 16 call option listing for company XYZ. I used to think that, the higher the strike price, the cheaper the call option. Obviously, the price pattern for this ...
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1answer
61 views

What are prepaid warrants used for?

I understand the how regular warrants (i.e. non-prepaid warrants) work, and what they could be used for. However, I don't understand what prepaid warrants are used for. Suppose a company issues a ...
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1answer
28 views

Price of a share's futures [duplicate]

Is the price of a share's future contract in the secondary market dependent on supply demand of the share in the secondary market or is it also influenced by the supply demand of the future's contract ...
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1answer
67 views

Who are allowed to take short positions in WTI CRUDE Oil futures?

Can any individual like me take short position?
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1answer
24 views

Do compound options trade on exchanges or do they only trade over-the-counter?

Do options on options (i.e. compound options) trade on derivatives exchanges? Or are they only traded over-the-counter? If they do trade on exchanges, which exchanges do they trade on?
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2answers
92 views

Forward contract hedge and market-maker

Referring to Mcdonald's "Derivatives markets" book, a market-maker or arbitrageur must be able to offset the risk of a forward contract. It is possible to do this by creating a synthetic forward ...
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1answer
45 views

What financial intrument pays out a fixed amount when a strike price is reached?

What is the name of the financial instrument that pays out a fixed amount when a strike price has been reached? For example, the contract may stipulate that I get paid exactly $100 when the S&P ...
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1answer
77 views

negative delta for bull put spread

I am working on bull put spread. Currently the spot is way below both the strike prices. So one strike is deep in the money and other is in the money. Net position delta retrieved from Bloomberg for ...
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2answers
46 views

Short put options (derivatives)

Can anyone solve this question?? "An options trader is short put options on a stock. Explain the directional market risk to this position and how could the trader hedge themselves in the underlying if ...
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2answers
80 views

What, exactly, are the “S&P 500 index swaps” held by UPRO?

I've thought about investing in UPRO, the ProShares UltraPro S&P500 3x leveraged ETF. But, of course, I don't want to invest in it until I have a good understanding of it, including its historical ...
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2answers
108 views

Who is on the buy-side of a sell-to-close call options trade?

While I think I understand the mechanics of opening a call position, I am confused about the mechanics of closing a call option prior to expiry. I am party A. Buy-to-open: Party A (buy-side) is ...
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3answers
9k views

What happens if I do not honor a futures contract?

I have little knowledge about futures contracts. The recent negative price of crude oil spurred my curiosity about this stuff. I read this post about buying/selling futures contracts. According to ...
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1answer
44 views

What does it exactly mean by saying “buy/sell a futures contract”?

If I buy a crude oil futures contract at $20/barrel and sell it later at $10/barrel, I seem to buy/sell two different contracts. First, the entities of the contract change from me and exchange to ...
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2answers
144 views

What is the real cost for storing a barrel of crude oil at present?

The recent negative price of WTI crude oil futures contract indicates the receipt/storage of a barrel of crude oil can cost more than $37, which is unbelievable. Does anybody know the real cost at ...
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1answer
58 views

What is the price of commodity at delivery day for a futures contract?

If I hold a futures contract till the delivery day, what price should I pay for the commodity delivered to me, the price of the futures contract when I bought it, the price of the last transaction at ...
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3answers
7k views

How are futures contracts setup at an exchange?

I'm having a hard time wrapping my head around how the actual contracts are structured at an exchange. Here are my questions: If an exchange facilitates the trading of futures contracts and nobody ...
2
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1answer
47 views

Usual procedure when options/futures/forwards expire?

What is the most common procedure when options/futures/forwards are held until expiry? Will the underlying asset be delivered in a physical way or will the value of the derivative be exchanged as a ...
2
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1answer
387 views

Could an individual make money off of oil futures? [duplicate]

There was another post about this but oil is going for -32 dollars a barrel. What if I acquired A million barrels of oil. I’d be sitting on 32 million with which I could theoretically use to buy an ...
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1answer
72 views

Who is your counterparty when longing / shorting on leverage?

I understand the basic cases of how longing/shorting works and how two parties with opposing price predictions can make a derivative contract to settle in cash when the price of an asset goes up or ...
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0answers
21 views

ISDA Master Agreement

I'm trying to understand some terms relating to an ISDA / International Swaps and Derivatives Association Master Agreement. I'm doing this so that I can analyse a company that provides FX services to ...
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3answers
538 views

Is dividend taxation priced in derivatives?

Suppose I have 200$ and I want to track Microsoft's stock (MSFT). For the sake of simplicity suppose I don't pay any commissions and there is no bid/ask spread and no counterparty risk. I have two ...
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2answers
116 views

What do the d's in this financial derivatives equation mean?

In my financial derivatives class, I am confused by the meaning of the d's in the following equation. Are they derivatives? What are they? dLt = mdt + σdBt Where L = log(St), log return
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1answer
92 views

Missing Open,High,Low,Close CME Crude Oil

I have been working on the crude oil futures data and have a couple of questions. There are contracts in which the open,high are empty but the low,close price is available. And in some cases none of ...
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2answers
125 views

How to continuously plot futures data

Since futures trade on a contract by contract basis, how can you plot the price over an extended period of time? As a reference I have included a plot of VX futures (VIX CBOE volatility index) from ...
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2answers
64 views

What are the names of contracts being traded on the Futures and Options markets?

These are standardized contracts that allow you to bet on the future price of assets - commodities, stocks etc You can even buy a right to purchase a stock on a certain date or the reverse, force ...
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0answers
154 views

How might ETFs accelerate a “crash” [closed]

I am editing my question to pose the inquiries first in order to hopefully emphasize their objective, rather than subjective nature upfront. Here is my question: Am I correctly understanding the ...
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2answers
253 views

Protection against put-options writers bankruptcy

It's possible to hedge portfolio against the crisis by buying put-options. One thing that worrying me - what if insurers will be bankrupt when you need them the most. This crisis insurance (put-...
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0answers
45 views

Do banks need a foreign branch to access a derivatives market (e.g.) London

I would be very interested to know whether banks (e.g. Santander, Deutsche Bank, etc.) need a foreign branch in a country (e.g. UK - London) to access the derivatives market in this country. Would ...
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1answer
124 views

Understanding the notion of future options

I am currently studying different types of option-related derivatives and I am quite confused about the notion of “futures options”. My textbook says that A futures option is the right, but not ...
2
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3answers
117 views

Are there investable securities that grow nonlinearly/exponentially with the underlying asset?

Let's say I'm a commodities trader, and Jesus Christ himself has just told me that gold is about to become much, much more valuable. We'll leave the debate on whether that's insider trading to another ...
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2answers
436 views

Do physical ETFs possess the same problems as CDOs?

Today Michael Burry explained to Bloomberg that ETFs are comparible to subprime CDOs, in that investors are buying securities that aren't backed by any real value: Passive investing has removed ...
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1answer
43 views

How to create a derivative fixed rate loan?

Just curious. Someone mentioned he can only find variable rate loans, no fixed-rate option (somewhere in Europe). Which I find strange, there has to be some price that makes such an offering viable. ...
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1answer
56 views

Non-delivery of forward contract

What options there are for protection of non-delivery or non-payment for deliverable forward contracts in the absence of clearing house? With volatile assets the spot price can be very different from ...
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1answer
66 views

Mortgage Holders as Option Writers

Can someone explain to me how does it benefit the mortgage holder to be a writer of the option call on the long term debt and the put option on real estate prices? Other than the premium be gained I ...
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2answers
206 views

Option Premium paid vs received

I understand what is the premium on an option. In case I acquire an option, the premium is considered as the price I pay to have the "right" to exercise the option. In case I sell an option, the ...
2
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1answer
299 views

What's the difference between a variance swap and a long straddle option trade?

A long straddle is when one is anticipating a swing in stock price, but you’re not sure which direction it will go. And a variance swap is a financial derivative used to hedge or speculate on the ...
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1answer
102 views

How often do regular businesses hedge their economic risks?

It's claimed that derivative instruments were made to allow real businesses to hedge their risks (unpredictable increase of supplies price, decrease price of the product in the future and so on, ...
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1answer
327 views

How are derivatives different from bucket shops?

How are derivatives like covered warrants or CFDs different from the bucket shops that were made illegal in the US? Should I worry that some regulator decides that my "market maker" is an illegal ...
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2answers
476 views

Can a warrant be “cancelled” by its issuer?

I am wondering if a bank that sells derivatives (Warrants, Turbos ...) can "cancel" their products after a very bad event. Example : Today, I buy 5000 PUT warrants. Then tomorrow, a market crash ...
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3answers
492 views

Several questions on Bitcoin futures

I have been reading news on crypto-currencies. As a developer, I understand well how Bitcoin works. I also have a basic understanding of finance in general and stocks in particular. I understand how ...
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2answers
581 views

Is this legal: going long on call options and artificially increasing the price of the underlying asset seconds before expiration?

Let's say I bought a particular call option and own the majority of it. On the very last second (before the expiry date, seconds before the market closes), if I bought every single offer in the ...
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2answers
493 views

Black & Scholes article : option pricing

I am currently reading the famous article by Fischer Black and Myron Scholes called 'The pricing of Options and Corporate liabilities'. Just at the beginning of the article, they go on and explain ...
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1answer
3k views

How can the writer of an option cancel or reverse the position & obligation before exercise or expiration?

How can the writer of, say, a call option cancel or reverse the position and its obligation (to deliver shares) before the option is exercised or the expiration date reached? Can an option that has ...
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3answers
1k views

Fund or ETF that simulates the investment goals of an options “straddle” strategy?

With all the market volatility of late, I was thinking that it might be a good short term strategy to employ a straddle approach. For those not familiar with Options trading: This is a strategy ...
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1answer
208 views

Can the bid price for selling the same call option in calendar spread be different from that in covered call?

I am trying to sell C (citi) call options expiring 2013 Jan at $5.00 in 2 different modes. Calendar spread mode: Bid Price is $0.24 Covered call mode: Bid Price is $1.01 1)Why is there a difference ...
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2answers
483 views

Short an option - random assignment?

I'm still really new to options but I'm trying to understand this concept of assignment. Let’s say I’m short a call of Microsoft at a strike of 80 set to expire in a quarter. Microsoft surges for ...
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4answers
9k views

“Derivative” and “asset-backed security”: Same concept, or related?

Derivative and asset-backed security seem to be similar, as both are based on some other assets. So I wonder if they are the same concept?
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1answer
172 views

How to read options prices

I have been doing research on Options and thus far most of it has been relatively theoretical (mainly pricing models and put/call hedging strategies). Recently I have been looking into actually ...