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Questions tagged [accounting]

for questions that relate to the laws, practices, and products of accounting. Please note that questions about accounting that are academic or have no bearing on personal finance are off-topic here.

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2
votes
1answer
661 views

As a small business owner should I have a separate account for payroll? [closed]

Note: I'm currently using cash basis accounting. Just recently I've started using QuickBooks Online to keep track of my profit and loss as well as pay my employees. The problem I'm facing is that ...
3
votes
1answer
485 views

Which type of company accounts to choose for LTD tax return?

I'm trying to file a File company's annual accounts on Companies House WebFilling website, however I've the following type of accounts: Abbreviated Accounts These audit exempt accounts are ...
2
votes
2answers
901 views

Balance Sheet Retained Earnings

Trying to get my head around a balance sheet and can't make sense of the fact that a company can make year on year profits and pay out dividends each year, yet the retained earning deficit increases ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Does a company in the UK have to pay taxes on betting winnings?

Betting in the UK is taxed on the company level so the bettor doesn't have to pay taxes on his winnings. I have a company in the UK whose only objective is to trade on sports betting. Will I have to ...
2
votes
3answers
100 views

How to journal an expenditure that provided no value

Let's say I buy a logo on a service like Fiverr for $5.50. The logo doesn't meet my needs, but I'm still obligated to pay the graphic artist for services rendered. If the logo had met my needs, I'd ...
1
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0answers
88 views

Quickbooks credit card reconciliation

When I put a payment into Quickbooks through the enter bills section and then pay it, when I go to reconcile the account the payment does not show up. Why would this be and how can it be placed in the ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

Avoiding tax complexities of MLPs

I would like to invest in master limited partnerships (MLPs) for their high yield, but would like to avoid their tax complexities. If I buy exposure to MLPs through an ETF or mutual fund, will that ...
2
votes
0answers
247 views

Salary vs Dividend: is this example wrong?

I saw a link to a great article in old (2012) question. http://vereecke.ca/index.php/articles/will-that-be-salary-or-dividends/ I've tried understanding the article well, but I think that the author ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Switching Accountants - who does the audit review for past years?

If I switch my accountants, and the later CRA audits my returns (that were done with the previous accountant), who will be responsible for helping me with the audit: the new accountant or the previous ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Where should I start my LLC?

I want to release an iPhone app to the App Store and want to put my company name as the app's "seller" field. I was thinking of starting an LLC because I'm working alone and want to hire a developer. ...
3
votes
1answer
516 views

How does Walmart account their expired food [closed]

Businesses such as Walmart makes tons of short-lived fresh food everyday (Bread, Coffee..etc) and at the end of the day there's so much food left unsold how do they do accounting for those food? Is ...
11
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3answers
38k views

What is the difference between equity and assets?

I am (going to be) using GNU Cash, which uses the double-entry method; I use it for personal finance. Reading various tutorials for GNU cash, it lists 5 types of accounts: income, expense, assets, ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Do I need to pay US tax if my father puts half of his company (in the Dominican Republic) in my name?

I am a permanent resident of the USA (a green card holder) eligible to apply for citizenship, but I do not know how convenient this might be in my situation. My father has a company in the Dominican ...
1
vote
1answer
182 views

Must tangible assets be depreciated or can I take a one-time expense? [closed]

Let's say my company purchases some tangible/fixed/long-term asset. Am I required to take a prorated depreciation expense each year for the life of the asset? Do I have the option to report the ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How should I record invoices in foreign currency in GNUCash?

I'm a Canadian living in Canada and I've recently started a new contract with a client in the US. My previous contract specified payment in CAD while my new contract is in USD. I invoice once a ...
1
vote
1answer
697 views

How can I import customers and invoices from a previous year's Gnucash file?

I've been using Gnucash for the past year for small business accounting as a self-employed contractor. I've read that it's a good practice to create a new file for each year. Now that 2014 has ended,...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Balance sheets & bad debt accounts [closed]

I have a confusion as to whether bad debt accounts are factored into the accounts receivable of a company's balance sheet? To clarify/illustrate my question, If a company is expecting $3000 in ...
1
vote
2answers
173 views

Could somebody explain Wikipedia's VAT example calculation to me?

Wikipedia example here. I could not understand why in this example ("With a value-added tax" subsection) the government charges 0.10 = $1 × 10%, but not 0.11 = $1.1 × 10% The manufacturer spends ($...
3
votes
1answer
448 views

How do I record monetary advances and money spent thereof in personal accounting?

I have recently (i.e. from the beginning of 2015) started tracking my personal finances with GNUCash, without any previous experience in accounting. While the interface is mostly intuitive (thanks to ...
2
votes
1answer
227 views

Considerations for switching accountants?

I had a bad experience with my accountant this year. Normally things have gone smoothly enough. But this year was complicated, and I didn't help myself by doing some stuff (not relevant here) to make ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

How to book past year's transaction, performed in the current year?

I have a small business. I contributed $1000 towards SEP IRA for year 2014. However, the transaction was done in January of 2015 using the retained earnings of 2014. Obviously, this money is tax ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Do proceeds from a sale count as income for the decedent or the estate when agreement is prior to death and payment is after?

This is a question about US taxes and accounting. The documentation I've read says that if an estate is run on a cash accounting system, then any income received after the decedent's date of death is ...
4
votes
1answer
7k views

How should accounting software be categorized in terms of business expense?

I'm using online payroll software to manage payroll for employees and contractors. What category would the expense of this software fall under?
6
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2answers
508 views

How do I account for 100 percent vendor discounts in GnuCash 2.6.5

Consider this simple scenario, where I am running the accounts for a small business. No need to get into fancy standards (e.g. GAAP). A vendor sends my company a bill for $100. The work is complete ...
1
vote
1answer
186 views

In double entry book keeping terminology, what is the term or expression for when a journal entry both debits and credits the same account? [closed]

I configure point of sale software and thus deal with my clients' accounting people. I need to know how to properly express to them this situation, when they describe it. Thank you.
0
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1answer
106 views

Rationale behind discount bonds?

I'm trying to understand if my rationale behind discount bonds is correct. Let's say Company X issues a 2 year $1000 bond at 5%, market interest rate is 10%. Because the coupon rate < the market ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

How to divide up utilities when one tenant's rent includes utilities, but others' don't?

This is an extension of my question asked here. Four roommates are living together. Two are co-tenants, who hold the lease, and the other two sublet from the co-tenants and pay rent and utilities to ...
1
vote
2answers
852 views

What is the purpose of marking-to-market a futures contract?

Suppose I enter into a long futures contract to buy 1 ounce of gold at 1200$/ounce for delivery in May 2015. Between now and May 2015, the market price for a similar contract will certainly vary. Do ...
1
vote
0answers
259 views

Preference shares vs. common shares and overall holding structure for a public company?

I am trying to understand the overall holding picture for a listed company — like, there can be preference shares, common shares (free float), etc. My questions are: It would be really great ...
2
votes
0answers
185 views

How to divide up utilities amongst tenants? [duplicate]

Let's say I have two tenants who share my apartment with me. It is agreed that utilities shall be divided equally amongst us. However, one tenant has, as part of his lease, a stipulation that all ...
1
vote
1answer
9k views

What is the difference between a creditor and a lender? [closed]

Can you share specific examples? Also, when are they the same entity and when are they different?
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Which date to record for a transaction?

I need to record a transaction in a journal. If I take the date of the paper receipt, this might be different to the date on my bank statement. Which one should I use? Should I use one, and then ...
4
votes
1answer
383 views

The formula equivalent of EBITDA for personal finance?

I am considering the idea of trying to run my household finance more like a business and I am looking for formulas to gauge household financial health. I am running into issues with EBITDA for example,...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

U.S. Taxes: Can you deduct or depreciate equipment that was both bought and sold in the same year?

Assume there is equipment used for a for profit endeavor that will be deducted from earnings. That equipment is also sold in the same year, for less than or equal to the purchase price. How does ...
10
votes
2answers
79k views

How to account for Capital Gains (Losses) in double-entry accounting?

After taking an introductory financial accounting class, I decided to use GnuCash to keep track of my personal finances. I have 5 major accounts in my general ledger: Equity Currently only used to ...
1
vote
1answer
11k views

What account should passport renewal expenses go into?

I am trying to appropriately name an account for these types of "official" fees. The fee doesn't really relate to a particular project, nor a normal type of expense.
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How To Record Income As An Affiliate ( UK )

I'm registered as self employed and I now want to start a blog where I can use adverts and amazon to make a little extra cash. Now I know that I have to record anything I earn as an income but I have ...
6
votes
2answers
216 views

I started some small businesses but need help figuring out taxes. Should I hire a CPA?

I've got a couple of small businesses I run. I started them in the last couple of months. I feel lost when it comes to my taxes. I know I should be paying something, but I'm not real sure where to ...
0
votes
1answer
243 views

Working Capital Definition [closed]

I invest in receivables (factoring) and I'm trying to determine what obligors are a good and not deteriorating credit risk. Part of this involves assessing obligors that are extending their days ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

When does a public company report a balance sheet?

As 31st March is the last day of the financial year in India. I was browsing some data and found that there are many companies that have not reported their balance sheets for 2013-2014. Is there a ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

How to find out if a company is legit?

I'm from Sweden and considering opening a "Internet" company on Cyprus with a (valid EU VAT number), because of better tax benefits compared to Sweden and the UK (where I have other companies). I've ...
9
votes
2answers
6k views

What are the costs to establish an LLC and to maintain it?

What's the average (approximately) cost to open a basic LLC in Florida state or in NY state? (FYI in my case is to buy an house in Miami and rent it. I already have a bank account in the U.S.) What's ...
2
votes
1answer
216 views

What's an account called that always balances to 0?

I use a pretty standard double-entry system in GnuCash (Income/Expenses, Assets/Liabilities). With my wife going back to school this fall, I did something in my accounting that I haven't done before: ...
1
vote
1answer
278 views

Dealing with temporary accounts

I use Gnucash for managing my finances. When I receive a gift card, I assume that it should be it's own account as one of my Current Assets. However, once that gift card is fully spent or expired, ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

GAAP for items that you both sell and make? [closed]

Concept: I buy widgets. Some widgets I resell. Some widgets are used to make doohickeys. Of the dohickeys, some are sold, some are made into thingamabobs. How should inventory be valued for this ...
4
votes
4answers
242 views

How should I account for Social Security contributions?

I'm currently tracking all my finances with GNUCash, and splitting the various paycheck deductions into expenses. It's pretty nice to be able to correctly predict what will be on my W2, and it's even ...
-1
votes
1answer
993 views

few question about debit credit and liabilities [closed]

i have few question about accounting terms, please help me to figure it out these term and debit and credit flow to our company account. 1) i sold 500$ cost products on account, buyer will pay me in ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

Accounting for paying bills for (and being reimbursed by) another person

I an currently using Gnucash to manage my expenses. I am new to double-entry accounting and find many aspects of it to be confusing. Here's a situation that currently happens monthly. I'd like to know ...
0
votes
1answer
148 views

Which account type to use for claimable expense I pay upfront for my employer?

I am using GNUCash for personal finance. Sometimes I pay expenses upfront for my employer with cash or credit card. My employer will pay me back later with cash or cheque. I am thinking of using ...
1
vote
2answers
669 views

Does “NET 30 DAYS” on a legal invoice refer to 30 days after the billing period end date, the invoice creation date or the invoice receipt date?

Does "NET 30 DAYS" on a legal invoice from a US law firm refer to: 30 days after the billing period end date (the last day for which hours are billed) 30 days after the invoice creation date (...