Questions tagged [accounting]

for questions that relate to the laws, practices, and products of accounting. Please note that questions about accounting that are academic or have no bearing on personal finance are off-topic here.

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2answers
119 views

Difference between Common Shares and Retained Earnings

So I'm looking at my accounting textbook and it states that the total common shares account indicate 100% ownership in the company. Yet there are other shareholder's equity accounts such as Retained ...
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1answer
2k views

Does Apple have $0 of treasury stock?

I cannot find any information on Apple owning treasury stock. Their balance sheet implies they have none. However I assume some may be held through holding companies. Does Apple have any treasury ...
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2answers
144 views

How do I record a not-fully-paid expense?

I bought a pair of eyeglasses for $5 from a friend. I only paid to him $4 however as I didn't have enough cash then, so that means I owe him $1. Today I paid off the remaining $1. How should I record ...
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3answers
94k views

Calculating the total capital of a company?

I was wondering how do we calculate the total capital of a company? Which items should I look for in the financial statements? And how do I calculate notes payable? Is the same as accounts payable?
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2answers
199 views

Are wages from a corporation always immediately tax deductible? [closed]

Suppose a corporation which constructs apartments and rents out those apartments expects to start earning money in its fifth year. Can it then just increase construction in that fifth year to create ...
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1answer
129 views

How am I taxed as director of limited company that is also employed by another company?

I am a UK resident working at a consulting firm earning 33k salary before tax. I have setup a limited company with a friend in which I am a director with 1/3 share in the company. We will soon be ...
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1answer
134 views

Depreciation question from Benjamin Graham book

I am reading The Interpretation of Financial Statements by Benjamin Graham. Ch. VI, Depreciation and Depletion contains the following wording: When property is retired its gross value is deducted ...
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3answers
194 views

Accountant won't send an invoice without a PO

I've outsourced accounting including AP, AR, Rev Rec, etc. I have an unbilled revenue problem, where my accountant won't send invoices unless we have a PO! This is a problem because even though I ...
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1answer
213 views

How do I find a good accountant?

I'm wondering what types of resources are available for finding a good accountant, both in terms of assessing the quality of the services they provide as well as the cost of their services in ...
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0answers
66 views

How to declare small business income before bank account is open

I have incorporated a company in December last year, and since then we started making money but had no bank account. Because of the company structure, one of the shareholders who owned more than 25% ...
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1answer
102 views

Should Balance Sheet short term notes payable include interest

Super simple example: You take a loan out in January of $50,000. $10,000 principal + $1,000 interest of the loan will be due back over the course of the 12 months ending the year If you were making ...
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1answer
3k views

Is a fee note the same as an invoice?

I pay an accountant £800 a year to do the usual accountancy things. I've received a fee note from him for filing the annual confirmation statement. So, is a fee note the same as an invoice? Do I ...
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0answers
87 views

How to categorize trust account payments?

I have two accounts - a trust account and an operating account. When I process credit card payments, they go through an operating account and then are transferred to the trust account. These payments ...
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0answers
82 views

Tracking GST/VAT from invoice to payment

Contrived example: Alice and Bob both work for Charlie, who runs a lawnmowing service. Charlie bills $100 plus 10% GST/VAT for the job. If Alice does the job, she gets $50 - if Bob does the job, he ...
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1answer
138 views

Managing an Account with Multiple Categories

Assume I setup and account that has multiple categories, say I have 1000 to invest, and I do something like this: 300 Kid 1 college 300 Kid 2 college 150 Emergency Fund 250 New House It is pretty ...
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1answer
274 views

Closing company, what do to with last amount of funds?

So the business is about to be shut down and there is a little bit of funds left over in the business bank account which I do not want/need. According to https://www.gov.uk/strike-off-your-company-...
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0answers
129 views

Accounting for monthly vested stock options as compenstation in GnuCash

I am working for a company that has recently gone public. Now I see a monthly accumulation of options vesting every month. I would like to account for these options as compensation in my accounts. ...
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2answers
214 views

How do you account for a cash payment by a customer in which some is used for payment to a vendor?

I am using Quickbooks Pro 2011. I received a $750 cash payment from a customer, then used $150 of it to pay a vendor's invoice, creating a bank deposit of $600. I can't figure out how to credit the ...
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1answer
58 views

Which term describes fraudulently recording an asset more than once?

Imagine someone was working out how much my company was worth, and had tallied up the value of some machines that were in one of my factories, but then I move the machines to another factory (before ...
3
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1answer
82 views

Assigning transactions to projects in Ledger?

I find I really want to add an additional, orthogonal layer to the account hierarchy. Quicken and Quickbooks lets you do this, but I'm not sure what the best way is in Ledger. I wish I could do ...
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5answers
304 views

Why isn't the retained earnings of a public company always distributed back to the shareholders?

Shareholders own a public company, so why shouldn't all of a company's income be distributed back to them? Why are dividends (if any) just a small fraction of a company's retained earnings?
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1answer
47 views

How to properly document owner investment into business

Say you have a new business and want to invest your personal income into the business to start. Say you initially just invest $25 to satisfy the bank's requirement for a new account, and say you ...
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1answer
128 views

Why only stockholder equity in the well-known accounting equation?

Assets = liabilities + stockholders' equity. Isn't this an oversimplification? The (traded) company may have raised money through stock, but maybe it also issued bonds, has profit this year, etc. ...
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1answer
116 views

What's the correct way to show a credit or discount on an invoice or order summary? [closed]

Is there a standardized way to express discounts or credits in an order summary? Example... Sub total: $20 Discount: -$10 Total: $10 I've seen discounts expressed as -$10, $-10, ($10), and +$...
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1answer
93 views

Expense lower due to reimbursement. How to put in administration?

I only recently started to document my financial administration properly. Before, I had an Excel file with all transactions of my bank account (and a separate one for my savings account). Recently I ...
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1answer
293 views

Accounting Question - Combining Vertical Analysis with Horizontal Analysis of financial statements?

Firstly I understand the concept of vertical analysis (representing line items as percentage of either total asset or revenue), and horizontal analysis (calculating the year-on-year changes or %...
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3answers
157 views

Why Present Value and not Future Value?

This is a question in an online finance lesson, and I know what they want for the answer. But I'm not at all a novice at financial matters, so in my mind, I would do this differently. The question ...
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1answer
121 views

How do I calculate annual salary in case of salary split in a single month?

I am building a payroll system. My problem is if the employee's salary changes twice or thrice in a same month. If the: 1st period is x 2nd period is y then can I say annual income from 1st period ...
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1answer
64 views

How should I charge a personal Bank Account for a Business transaction? (UK)

I am currently performing some ongoing work for a Sole Trader, where a monthly Direct Debit has been set up for the monthly fees. The Direct Debit was set up with their Business Account. Upon each ...
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3answers
420 views

Why do the balance sheets of some large firms not balance?

I'm working my way through some accounting textbook and struggling to understand why some balance sheets on Yahoo Finance don't balance, as in: total assets - total liabilities != total shareholders ...
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3answers
244 views

In double-entry book keeping, how should I track planned expenses

So, I'm working on getting a bit better at managing my household finances and am currently working to learn double-entry bookkeeping. One thing I need to separate out and track a little better is ...
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1answer
18k views

Does CAPEX include intangible assets?

CAPEX is defined here as funds used by a company to acquire or upgrade physical assets such as property, industrial buildings or equipment. The video states that "the value of the capital ...
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1answer
242 views

What paperwork is needed when receiving salary through the cryptocurrencies?

Supposedly I got a short-term software engineering remote contract which was agreed to be paid by the cryptocurrencies or tokens on the task-basis (e.g. receiving a certain amount of EOS tokens for ...
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1answer
89 views

What happens to the initial shares after opening a LTD company?

I have just opened my first LTD company in the UK, and I am trying to understand the way one goes about it. Being a self taught person I have been trying to understand how it works by reading .GOV ...
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0answers
405 views

Gnucash vs QuickBooks for both personal and business account

I'm considering keeping track of both personal and business accounts. I'm an old user of Gnu cash and I think I could manage with it. What would be the benefit to swapping to a new cloud accounting ...
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1answer
646 views

Accounting Entry for Selling a Covered Call

I recently started looking at trading options and started with the time honored tradition of selling a covered call. What I don't understand now is what my trading platform (TD Ameritrade) balances ...
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1answer
432 views

Difference between Fair Value derivative and Speculation derivative [closed]

I understand the purpose of a fair value hedging instrument (preserve the fair value of an asset, liability, etc) and a speculation derivative (default classification if the derivative isn't ...
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0answers
105 views

What does “going concern” mean?

A local politician is spreading demeaning comments about a company that has its accounts done using a “going concern” basis. My understanding is that this just means that it is assumed that the ...
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2answers
390 views

Projected Benefit Obligation vs Accumulated Benefit Obligation

I am looking at an annual report from a company, with the goal being to assess the financial standing of their pension plan. I have come across a chart that outlines the companies pension liabilites, ...
2
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2answers
396 views

Why do debits/credits increase/decrease assets/revenues/expenses?

I'm taking an accounting course and am finding that I don't understand exactly why "A credit decreases assets, such as inventory", for example. I understand that selling creates a decrease in assets. ...
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2answers
4k views

How to transfer personal auto lease to business auto lease?

What is involved in transferring a personal auto lease to a business auto lease? We have a car for our business that was leased prior to establishing our LLC, therefore it is under our names, ...
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3answers
653 views

Am I being fair to my partner, or will she lose money?

My partner and I both have good degrees, and should be able to figure out simple arithmetic, but ... We work through our own company, which we share equally. I purchased an item which I will use for ...
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0answers
65 views

Security Analysis (Ben Graham): LIFO question

I'm currently reading/studying Benjamin Graham's work in Security Analysis (1951 edition) on page 112 & 113 he demonstrates the difference between FIFO and LIFO. Table 10 shows the difference ...
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1answer
71 views

Is there any resource that provides a list of the most used/common components of the different statements (e.g. balance sheet) of an annual report? [closed]

I am looking for a resource that provides a list of a "perfect": statement of financial position (balance sheet) statement of earnings statement of cash flow containing components (e.g. for the ...
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2answers
1k views

How should I record the changing value of an investment in accounting software?

I have the following (simplistic) structure set up in GnuCash, but this should apply to other software too: Assets Bank account Pension Income Salary Interest Every month, my salary is split ...
8
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2answers
702 views

Claiming income/deductions on an illegal apartment

We are currently renting a basement out to some friends of ours. We are asking a fraction of the price of what its worth. I understand the risk of renting without a certificate of occupancy. The ...
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1answer
243 views

How to enter loans made, loans received, and capital contributions in GnuCash?

I just started using GnuCash to keep track of my personal expenses and to do the books in my business. I have no accounting experience, but so far it's pretty simple. I've entered the balances on my ...
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1answer
206 views

Non-Profit Accounting Boy Scouts won't fully disclose event budget [closed]

I'm extremely puzzled why the local Boy Scout council won't / can't disclose the budget of a recent 4 day day camp for cub scouts. Several parents have asked how our $100 / scout camp fee was spent. ...
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1answer
108 views

How to mark an invoice as bad debt to show as business expense

I have several invoices I've billed clients, and they have never paid. How would I label or categorize the invoice, so that it shows as a business "bad debt", and thus go as an expense on my P&L ...
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4answers
2k views

Is the blockchain similar to double-entry book-keeping?

As far as I know, blockchains keeps transaction records from the beginning of time. This lets the blockchain retain a history of traceable transactions so it can maintain validity. Double-entry book-...

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