Questions tagged [accounting]

for questions that relate to the laws, practices, and products of accounting. Please note that questions about accounting that are academic or have no bearing on personal finance are off-topic here.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
27 views

CPA or ACCA or others? [closed]

I am a Banking and Finance graduate, Compleated FRM (GARP) level 1 and ive just accepted an offer from EY as an intern auditor, what is the best next step for me? should I go for FRM level 2, CPA, ...
0
votes
2answers
117 views

Keeping track of birthday money with double-entry accounting

I'm trying to figure out how to keep track of my kids' birthday money in a double-entry accounting system (GnuCash). Currently I am keeping track of the amounts as sub-accounts of my checking account ...
1
vote
1answer
4k views

Salary account in gnucash: charge vs. income // example transactions

It might not be the usual thing to have on opening balance in a "Salary" account, but if one did, this is what I tried in gnucash: description: payday again :-) transfer: Equity:Opening Balances ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

payments received in one year paid out the next year (US IRS tax question)

If you have an agreement that 70% of the profits from an activity will go to a contractor, and you receive the 100% of profits in year 1, but to protect against credit card fraud, you hold those ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Compute Loan Balance for a specific month (period) on an amortized loan

I'm looking for is a method that will allow me to compute the Loan Balance value for a specific period (month) in the amortization table without having to compute all of the values before it. Let's ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

How specifically are hidden financial assets (especially investment accounts) discovered during legal procedures?

I am interested in learning about financial asset discovery / forensic accounting. In particular, I'm curious as to how an investigator would locate a 'hidden' investment account. By this I mean an ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

How can separate businesses account for shared expenses?

I have an LLC which holds two separate DBAs. Each business has its own checking account. Most expenses are distinct, but some, like office space and internet are shared expenses. How can I properly ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

What is the correct accounting for purchases made on personal credit card?

I recently started an LLC. The LLC does not have a credit card of its own yet, and I've had to use my personal card to make purchases which I paid through personal funds. (Yes, I know I shouldn't do ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

How should I account for the benefit of depreciation?

I use GnuCash to manage my personal investments and have accounts that look a bit like this (sorry, I'm writing this on my mobile): Fixed Assets Property 1 Accumulated Depreciation Income Rent ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

Negative line items under Revenue/Gains in a P&L / Income statement

I'm new to managing a P&L and currently have a document like this... Revenue/Gains/Top-Line --Sales on Product 1: 10,000 --Sales on Product 2: 20,000 --Returns on Investment 1: 10,000 --Returns ...
17
votes
3answers
12k views

In double entry accounting, how does income become equity?

Using GNUCash, help, putting it all together, I'm accounting for a lottery income transaction. I was able to get the example shown with 2 transactions. 1. Dr. Savings 750,000 Cr. Income:...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the Equity account for in GnuCash?

What is the purpose of Equity account in GnuCash? For example, I have income through Salary account $500, after I have expense by buying book for $5 (so in Expense:Books account is entry for $5). But ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

How do I properly account for interest charged on a loan in GnuCash?

I've just started accounting and entering initial balances for my personal finances with GNUcash and I'm curious about the proper way to account for interest charged on student loans and credit cards. ...
-1
votes
1answer
154 views

Journal entries for payment of tuition fees [closed]

A student has total tuition fee of 8,000. The student paid 3,000 as a down payment and the journal entry is: Cash 3,000 AR 5,000 Tuition Fee 8,000 But what if the student will pay 3,500 for ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

What's the double-entry bookkeeping method for tracking a Safe-to-Spend balance and amounts saved towards goals and expenses?

The bank Simple has three great features: Safe-to-Spend Goals Expenses The Safe-to-Spend balance is pretty simple: it's just the balance in your checking account minus the total amount set aside for ...
0
votes
1answer
231 views

Does ledger-cli support FIFO principle for selling stock lots?

I could not find the detailed information about lot tracking in ledger and would appreciate if someone took the time to make it explicit. If I have two purchase transactions for a fund, at 100 units ...
1
vote
4answers
182 views

Question about double-entry accounting [closed]

Here's a typical statement on the subject from this SO post: The logic, for those not familiar with accounting, is: money is not created nor destroyed, it is only transferred from account to ...
3
votes
1answer
153 views

UK: How do I make my separate company a subsidiary of another?

I have company A which is an investment company. I have company B which is an contracting company. I want to make company B a subsidiary of company A, I presume I need to fill out some type of form ...
0
votes
2answers
71 views

Why is CAPEX better than OPEX? [closed]

I have been tasked with managing our timesheet system at work. When filling out timesheets, people can select tasks which are classified as Capital Expenditure (CAPEX), such as writing code, or ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

Why BAC company has “Gross Profit” reported every day?

I was looking into performance of BAC (Bank Of America Corp) and noticed very strange thing - it reports "Gross Profit" almost every day. See attached image and the link. Why is it so, is BAC a ...
0
votes
2answers
143 views

How do I get Gnucash to automatically assign expenses to accounts?

I'm using Gnucash. I'd like to create "virtual subaccounts" for my debit account to keep track of expenses. E.g: debit account --> groceries Regular "virtual payment" to groceries every month ...
0
votes
1answer
467 views

Yahoo finance vs SEC filings fundamentals

from your experience - would you rely on yahoo finance data as a source for your research? For example 1st Constitution Bancorp (NASDAQ FCCY): Yahoo finance claims under Balance Sheet data $245,490,...
2
votes
2answers
102 views

Wrong Calculation on Income tax & P60

Please assist me with this Income tax question. For the financial year 18-19, a company paid a starting salary of £ 41,671.80 and gave a pay rise of 9.2 percent from 1st Oct 2018 which makes it 45,452....
1
vote
1answer
295 views

How to enter Return of Capital in ledger-cli

Some background first: I'm using GnuCash for personal finances and am trying to get some reports from ledger-cli. The data is exported using piecash from GnuCash into a ledger file. When running ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

What happens to net assets in case of increasing NPAs(Non-Performing assets)?

The bank's profit is measured as Return on Assets which is the ratio of Bank’s net profits and Net assets. In case of increasing NPAs, the bank's net profits will decrease, but what will happen to net ...
1
vote
2answers
126 views

Collecting payments and fees for a direct sales company

I'm a complete accounting novice, so please go easy on me if there is an obvious answer to this question. There is a direct sales company that provides a 50/50 split on all sales. Transactions are ...
2
votes
4answers
91 views

GNUCash how to properly register a “bonus” on a transpit pass/gift card

What is the proper way to record "bonus" money on a card. specifically, when I charge my transit pass for 100, I actually get 150 on the transit pass account. how do I record the extra 50?
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Change in Prepaid Expense vs Change in Inventory [closed]

This is a basic accounting question. I realize that an increase in prepaid expense refers to the payment of a good or service that is not delivered in the current period. However, doesn't an increase ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Working Capital [closed]

To quote this website: https://www.oldschoolvalue.com/blog/valuation-methods/working-capital-free-cash-flow-fcf/ "The operating parts of the asset side of working capital include: Accounts ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Is VAT applied when a tradesman charges for materials?

I have been employing a plumber to do some work in my bathroom, and recently received the invoice. This consists of a charge for the labour, plus a list of materials used for the job, which he is also ...
16
votes
2answers
11k views

Starting with GnuCash. How to eliminate automatic entries ending up in the “unbalanced” account?

I just started using GnuCash and there is something I do not quite get how to get rid of (and whether I should try to get rid of). When I start importing transactions, I have expenses, income, etc. ...
-2
votes
2answers
96 views

How does cash accounting work in an exchange?

Edit: I'm trying to create an order matching engine for options trading. I'd like to ask my question by creating a situation: Amy has a short position in a single (1) call option on AAPL. Let's ...
0
votes
2answers
102 views

Difference between Common Shares and Retained Earnings

So I'm looking at my accounting textbook and it states that the total common shares account indicate 100% ownership in the company. Yet there are other shareholder's equity accounts such as Retained ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Does Apple have $0 of treasury stock?

I cannot find any information on Apple owning treasury stock. Their balance sheet implies they have none. However I assume some may be held through holding companies. Does Apple have any treasury ...
1
vote
2answers
142 views

How do I record a not-fully-paid expense?

I bought a pair of eyeglasses for $5 from a friend. I only paid to him $4 however as I didn't have enough cash then, so that means I owe him $1. Today I paid off the remaining $1. How should I record ...
5
votes
3answers
92k views

Calculating the total capital of a company?

I was wondering how do we calculate the total capital of a company? Which items should I look for in the financial statements? And how do I calculate notes payable? Is the same as accounts payable?
1
vote
2answers
198 views

Are wages from a corporation always immediately tax deductible? [closed]

Suppose a corporation which constructs apartments and rents out those apartments expects to start earning money in its fifth year. Can it then just increase construction in that fifth year to create ...
1
vote
1answer
129 views

How am I taxed as director of limited company that is also employed by another company?

I am a UK resident working at a consulting firm earning 33k salary before tax. I have setup a limited company with a friend in which I am a director with 1/3 share in the company. We will soon be ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

Depreciation question from Benjamin Graham book

I am reading The Interpretation of Financial Statements by Benjamin Graham. Ch. VI, Depreciation and Depletion contains the following wording: When property is retired its gross value is deducted ...
1
vote
3answers
180 views

Accountant won't send an invoice without a PO

I've outsourced accounting including AP, AR, Rev Rec, etc. I have an unbilled revenue problem, where my accountant won't send invoices unless we have a PO! This is a problem because even though I ...
0
votes
1answer
208 views

How do I find a good accountant?

I'm wondering what types of resources are available for finding a good accountant, both in terms of assessing the quality of the services they provide as well as the cost of their services in ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

How to declare small business income before bank account is open

I have incorporated a company in December last year, and since then we started making money but had no bank account. Because of the company structure, one of the shareholders who owned more than 25% ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Should Balance Sheet short term notes payable include interest

Super simple example: You take a loan out in January of $50,000. $10,000 principal + $1,000 interest of the loan will be due back over the course of the 12 months ending the year If you were making ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Is a fee note the same as an invoice?

I pay an accountant £800 a year to do the usual accountancy things. I've received a fee note from him for filing the annual confirmation statement. So, is a fee note the same as an invoice? Do I ...
1
vote
0answers
87 views

How to categorize trust account payments?

I have two accounts - a trust account and an operating account. When I process credit card payments, they go through an operating account and then are transferred to the trust account. These payments ...
0
votes
0answers
69 views

Tracking GST/VAT from invoice to payment

Contrived example: Alice and Bob both work for Charlie, who runs a lawnmowing service. Charlie bills $100 plus 10% GST/VAT for the job. If Alice does the job, she gets $50 - if Bob does the job, he ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

Managing an Account with Multiple Categories

Assume I setup and account that has multiple categories, say I have 1000 to invest, and I do something like this: 300 Kid 1 college 300 Kid 2 college 150 Emergency Fund 250 New House It is pretty ...
1
vote
1answer
272 views

Closing company, what do to with last amount of funds?

So the business is about to be shut down and there is a little bit of funds left over in the business bank account which I do not want/need. According to https://www.gov.uk/strike-off-your-company-...
3
votes
0answers
122 views

Accounting for monthly vested stock options as compenstation in GnuCash

I am working for a company that has recently gone public. Now I see a monthly accumulation of options vesting every month. I would like to account for these options as compensation in my accounts. ...
2
votes
2answers
205 views

How do you account for a cash payment by a customer in which some is used for payment to a vendor?

I am using Quickbooks Pro 2011. I received a $750 cash payment from a customer, then used $150 of it to pay a vendor's invoice, creating a bank deposit of $600. I can't figure out how to credit the ...