Questions tagged [accounting]

for questions that relate to the laws, practices, and products of accounting. Please note that questions about accounting that are academic or have no bearing on personal finance are off-topic here.

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8 views

Where can I find cash & ST Equivalents on financial statements

I'm trying to calculate the excess cash from financial statements using the following formula: Excess Cash=MAX(Cash & ST Equivalents−20% * Net Sales or Revenues,0) I'm having trouble finding the ...
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19 views

How can I see splits relevant to an account, not just the parent transaction?

I commonly group purchases or invoices into transactions and then show the individual components as splits in gnucash. I don't know if this is the right approach, but suppose I go shopping, I might do ...
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2answers
382 views

35 years old and I inherited 200k. What should I do?

I’m 35 years old with no children. My grandmother left me $200k and I’m not sure what are the best steps to take. Do I stay with my bank? Should I get an accountant or financial advisor? I want to ...
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24 views

Public Sector Accounting [closed]

What double entries are required to reinstate non financial assets which were formerly expensed (in cash basis accounting) but now have to capitalized under acrrual basis? (I have the figure ...
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25 views

Is there a liabilities equivalent of the statement of cash flows?

When I consider the three major accounting statements - profit and loss, cash-flows and balance sheet.. there does appear to be some missing information about the change in liability throughout a ...
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25 views

Income Statement number differ between websites. Where is the truth?

A couple of days ago I asked about apples depreciation numbers since they are not unambiguous and somebody pointed me out to WSJ's site. But I am confused as of how the various numbers are generated ...
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1answer
73 views

Non-American spouse of an American: Can I get Child Tax Credit and not pay Social security?

I am the spouse of an American citizen. We both live in a foreign country. My wife doesn't work, but I do, as an independent worker. I understand that I am able to voluntarily report American taxes, ...
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1answer
189 views

Is Apple's depreciation now $12.5 or $11.3 billion?

I was casually reading the 10K for 2019 for Apple where I realized that I don't get the numbers. In the consolidated statement of cash flows (page 36) "Depreciation and amortization" for 2019 is ...
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1answer
137 views

Is it usual for a payer's CPA to ask (demand) that I verify amounts on the 1099 he just issued me?

I do $4000 to $5000 worth of consulting work annually for a small 503(c) non-profit. They sent me my yearly 1099-MISC last week. A few days after I received it, the CPA that handles their books ...
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1answer
53 views

Profit and loss statement without any sales [closed]

What would I put for the "cost of sales" in a profit and loss statement if I don't have any sales? I have purchased a lot of inventory, but as of now, I don't have any sales. Do I put 0 or a ...
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4k views

Are stocks and bonds actually liquid?

Investopedia gives the standard answer of "yes": https://www.investopedia.com/ask/answers/032715/what-items-are-considered-liquid-assets.asp An asset that can readily be converted into cash is ...
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1answer
40 views

What does the accounting term consolidated joint venture mean?

I live in the United States of America and I invest in public companies. If firm A and firm B have a joint venture. Call this joint venture C. Assume each firm owns 50% of C. Firm A considers it a ...
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1answer
45 views

What are the component's of owner's equity [closed]

I have two questions about owner's equity. Firstly, is owner's equity the same as stockholder's equity? And secondly, I have resources which have show different components of owner's equity. The ...
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1answer
172 views

Is my HOA's balance sheet healthy?

I'm purchasing a condo and trying to evaluate if the association is financially healthy. Are there any red flags in this balance sheet or income statement? There are 200 units and utilities are ...
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1answer
28 views

Bills of exchange and purchase return [closed]

You have purchased goods from your supplier on credit. Your supplier drew the bill and you accepted the bill on the same day. A few days later, you discovered some defective materials. You returned ...
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5answers
164 views

Number of shares

How did a company decides the number of shares for its IPO? For example when SNAP went public, it planned to sell 230 million shares. The question is how did it get to these many numbers of shares?
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2answers
140 views

Keeping track of birthday money with double-entry accounting

I'm trying to figure out how to keep track of my kids' birthday money in a double-entry accounting system (GnuCash). Currently I am keeping track of the amounts as sub-accounts of my checking account ...
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1answer
66 views

Compute Loan Balance for a specific month (period) on an amortized loan

I'm looking for is a method that will allow me to compute the Loan Balance value for a specific period (month) in the amortization table without having to compute all of the values before it. Let's ...
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1answer
120 views

How specifically are hidden financial assets (especially investment accounts) discovered during legal procedures?

I am interested in learning about financial asset discovery / forensic accounting. In particular, I'm curious as to how an investigator would locate a 'hidden' investment account. By this I mean an ...
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1answer
45 views

How can separate businesses account for shared expenses?

I have an LLC which holds two separate DBAs. Each business has its own checking account. Most expenses are distinct, but some, like office space and internet are shared expenses. How can I properly ...
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1answer
59 views

What is the correct accounting for purchases made on personal credit card?

I recently started an LLC. The LLC does not have a credit card of its own yet, and I've had to use my personal card to make purchases which I paid through personal funds. (Yes, I know I shouldn't do ...
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1answer
76 views

payments received in one year paid out the next year (US IRS tax question)

If you have an agreement that 70% of the profits from an activity will go to a contractor, and you receive the 100% of profits in year 1, but to protect against credit card fraud, you hold those ...
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1answer
98 views

How should I account for the benefit of depreciation?

I use GnuCash to manage my personal investments and have accounts that look a bit like this (sorry, I'm writing this on my mobile): Fixed Assets Property 1 Accumulated Depreciation Income Rent ...
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1answer
98 views

How do I properly account for interest charged on a loan in GnuCash?

I've just started accounting and entering initial balances for my personal finances with GNUcash and I'm curious about the proper way to account for interest charged on student loans and credit cards. ...
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1answer
471 views

Journal entries for payment of tuition fees [closed]

A student has total tuition fee of 8,000. The student paid 3,000 as a down payment and the journal entry is: Cash 3,000 AR 5,000 Tuition Fee 8,000 But what if the student will pay 3,500 for ...
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1answer
58 views

What's the double-entry bookkeeping method for tracking a Safe-to-Spend balance and amounts saved towards goals and expenses?

The bank Simple has three great features: Safe-to-Spend Goals Expenses The Safe-to-Spend balance is pretty simple: it's just the balance in your checking account minus the total amount set aside for ...
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4answers
207 views

Question about double-entry accounting [closed]

Here's a typical statement on the subject from this SO post: The logic, for those not familiar with accounting, is: money is not created nor destroyed, it is only transferred from account to ...
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1answer
157 views

UK: How do I make my separate company a subsidiary of another?

I have company A which is an investment company. I have company B which is an contracting company. I want to make company B a subsidiary of company A, I presume I need to fill out some type of form ...
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2answers
90 views

Why is CAPEX better than OPEX? [closed]

I have been tasked with managing our timesheet system at work. When filling out timesheets, people can select tasks which are classified as Capital Expenditure (CAPEX), such as writing code, or ...
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0answers
80 views

Why BAC company has “Gross Profit” reported every day?

I was looking into performance of BAC (Bank Of America Corp) and noticed very strange thing - it reports "Gross Profit" almost every day. See attached image and the link. Why is it so, is BAC a ...
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2answers
211 views

How do I get Gnucash to automatically assign expenses to accounts?

I'm using Gnucash. I'd like to create "virtual subaccounts" for my debit account to keep track of expenses. E.g: debit account --> groceries Regular "virtual payment" to groceries every month ...
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2answers
70 views

Negative line items under Revenue/Gains in a P&L / Income statement

I'm new to managing a P&L and currently have a document like this... Revenue/Gains/Top-Line --Sales on Product 1: 10,000 --Sales on Product 2: 20,000 --Returns on Investment 1: 10,000 --Returns ...
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25 views

What happens to net assets in case of increasing NPAs(Non-Performing assets)?

The bank's profit is measured as Return on Assets which is the ratio of Bank’s net profits and Net assets. In case of increasing NPAs, the bank's net profits will decrease, but what will happen to net ...
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4answers
100 views

GNUCash how to properly register a “bonus” on a transpit pass/gift card

What is the proper way to record "bonus" money on a card. specifically, when I charge my transit pass for 100, I actually get 150 on the transit pass account. how do I record the extra 50?
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1answer
29 views

Change in Prepaid Expense vs Change in Inventory [closed]

This is a basic accounting question. I realize that an increase in prepaid expense refers to the payment of a good or service that is not delivered in the current period. However, doesn't an increase ...
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1answer
75 views

Working Capital [closed]

To quote this website: https://www.oldschoolvalue.com/blog/valuation-methods/working-capital-free-cash-flow-fcf/ "The operating parts of the asset side of working capital include: Accounts ...
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2answers
102 views

Wrong Calculation on Income tax & P60

Please assist me with this Income tax question. For the financial year 18-19, a company paid a starting salary of £ 41,671.80 and gave a pay rise of 9.2 percent from 1st Oct 2018 which makes it 45,452....
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2answers
98 views

How does cash accounting work in an exchange?

Edit: I'm trying to create an order matching engine for options trading. I'd like to ask my question by creating a situation: Amy has a short position in a single (1) call option on AAPL. Let's ...
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2answers
130 views

Collecting payments and fees for a direct sales company

I'm a complete accounting novice, so please go easy on me if there is an obvious answer to this question. There is a direct sales company that provides a 50/50 split on all sales. Transactions are ...
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2answers
117 views

Difference between Common Shares and Retained Earnings

So I'm looking at my accounting textbook and it states that the total common shares account indicate 100% ownership in the company. Yet there are other shareholder's equity accounts such as Retained ...
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2answers
199 views

Are wages from a corporation always immediately tax deductible? [closed]

Suppose a corporation which constructs apartments and rents out those apartments expects to start earning money in its fifth year. Can it then just increase construction in that fifth year to create ...
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1answer
129 views

How am I taxed as director of limited company that is also employed by another company?

I am a UK resident working at a consulting firm earning 33k salary before tax. I have setup a limited company with a friend in which I am a director with 1/3 share in the company. We will soon be ...
3
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1answer
133 views

Depreciation question from Benjamin Graham book

I am reading The Interpretation of Financial Statements by Benjamin Graham. Ch. VI, Depreciation and Depletion contains the following wording: When property is retired its gross value is deducted ...
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1answer
359 views

How to enter Return of Capital in ledger-cli

Some background first: I'm using GnuCash for personal finances and am trying to get some reports from ledger-cli. The data is exported using piecash from GnuCash into a ledger file. When running ...
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1answer
281 views

Does ledger-cli support FIFO principle for selling stock lots?

I could not find the detailed information about lot tracking in ledger and would appreciate if someone took the time to make it explicit. If I have two purchase transactions for a fund, at 100 units ...
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3answers
191 views

Accountant won't send an invoice without a PO

I've outsourced accounting including AP, AR, Rev Rec, etc. I have an unbilled revenue problem, where my accountant won't send invoices unless we have a PO! This is a problem because even though I ...
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0answers
66 views

How to declare small business income before bank account is open

I have incorporated a company in December last year, and since then we started making money but had no bank account. Because of the company structure, one of the shareholders who owned more than 25% ...
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1answer
102 views

Should Balance Sheet short term notes payable include interest

Super simple example: You take a loan out in January of $50,000. $10,000 principal + $1,000 interest of the loan will be due back over the course of the 12 months ending the year If you were making ...
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1answer
213 views

How do I find a good accountant?

I'm wondering what types of resources are available for finding a good accountant, both in terms of assessing the quality of the services they provide as well as the cost of their services in ...
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0answers
87 views

How to categorize trust account payments?

I have two accounts - a trust account and an operating account. When I process credit card payments, they go through an operating account and then are transferred to the trust account. These payments ...

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