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Questions tagged [accounting]

for questions that relate to the laws, practices, and products of accounting. Please note that questions about accounting that are academic or have no bearing on personal finance are off-topic here.

-2
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0answers
35 views

Accounting for Cheque Exchanges? [on hold]

Our church has done cheque exchanges for years, accounting for these 2 transactions on the Balance Sheet, ie. no effect or entries on the Income Statement. Can you confirm correct accounting, as our ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

what do these two mean: AR J/V-Contra Debit and AR J/V-Contra Credit [closed]

I am non-native in English and work as a freelance translator. Working on what seems to be an accounting sheet for a hotel, I have come across the two following entries: AR J/V-Contra Debit AR ...
3
votes
0answers
58 views

Accounting for monthly vested stock options as compenstation in GnuCash

I am working for a company that has recently gone public. Now I see a monthly accumulation of options vesting every month. I would like to account for these options as compensation in my accounts. ...
1
vote
1answer
238 views

Closing company, what do to with last amount of funds?

So the business is about to be shut down and there is a little bit of funds left over in the business bank account which I do not want/need. According to https://www.gov.uk/strike-off-your-company-...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Which term describes fraudulently recording an asset more than once?

Imagine someone was working out how much my company was worth, and had tallied up the value of some machines that were in one of my factories, but then I move the machines to another factory (before ...
1
vote
5answers
162 views

Why isn't the retained earnings of a public company always distributed back to the shareholders?

Shareholders own a public company, so why shouldn't all of a company's income be distributed back to them? Why are dividends (if any) just a small fraction of a company's retained earnings?
0
votes
1answer
34 views

How to properly document owner investment into business

Say you have a new business and want to invest your personal income into the business to start. Say you initially just invest $25 to satisfy the bank's requirement for a new account, and say you ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Why only stockholder equity in the well-known accounting equation?

Assets = liabilities + stockholders' equity. Isn't this an oversimplification? The (traded) company may have raised money through stock, but maybe it also issued bonds, has profit this year, etc. ...
1
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1answer
39 views

What's the correct way to show a credit or discount on an invoice or order summary? [closed]

Is there a standardized way to express discounts or credits in an order summary? Example... Sub total: $20 Discount: -$10 Total: $10 I've seen discounts expressed as -$10, $-10, ($10), and +$...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Accounting Question - Combining Vertical Analysis with Horizontal Analysis of financial statements?

Firstly I understand the concept of vertical analysis (representing line items as percentage of either total asset or revenue), and horizontal analysis (calculating the year-on-year changes or %...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

How do I calculate annual salary in case of salary split in a single month?

I am building a payroll system. My problem is if the employee's salary changes twice or thrice in a same month. If the: 1st period is x 2nd period is y then can I say annual income from 1st period ...
3
votes
3answers
138 views

Why Present Value and not Future Value?

This is a question in an online finance lesson, and I know what they want for the answer. But I'm not at all a novice at financial matters, so in my mind, I would do this differently. The question ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

How should I charge a personal Bank Account for a Business transaction? (UK)

I am currently performing some ongoing work for a Sole Trader, where a monthly Direct Debit has been set up for the monthly fees. The Direct Debit was set up with their Business Account. Upon each ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

How do I record a not-fully-paid expense?

I bought a pair of eyeglasses for $5 from a friend. I only paid to him $4 however as I didn't have enough cash then, so that means I owe him $1. Today I paid off the remaining $1. How should I record ...
1
vote
3answers
187 views

Why do the balance sheets of some large firms not balance?

I'm working my way through some accounting textbook and struggling to understand why some balance sheets on Yahoo Finance don't balance, as in: total assets - total liabilities != total shareholders ...
1
vote
0answers
118 views

Gnucash vs QuickBooks for both personal and business account

I'm considering keeping track of both personal and business accounts. I'm an old user of Gnu cash and I think I could manage with it. What would be the benefit to swapping to a new cloud accounting ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

What happens to the initial shares after opening a LTD company?

I have just opened my first LTD company in the UK, and I am trying to understand the way one goes about it. Being a self taught person I have been trying to understand how it works by reading .GOV ...
1
vote
3answers
197 views

In double-entry book keeping, how should I track planned expenses

So, I'm working on getting a bit better at managing my household finances and am currently working to learn double-entry bookkeeping. One thing I need to separate out and track a little better is ...
2
votes
0answers
92 views

What does “going concern” mean?

A local politician is spreading demeaning comments about a company that has its accounts done using a “going concern” basis. My understanding is that this just means that it is assumed that the ...
1
vote
2answers
114 views

Projected Benefit Obligation vs Accumulated Benefit Obligation

I am looking at an annual report from a company, with the goal being to assess the financial standing of their pension plan. I have come across a chart that outlines the companies pension liabilites, ...
4
votes
3answers
637 views

Am I being fair to my partner, or will she lose money?

My partner and I both have good degrees, and should be able to figure out simple arithmetic, but ... We work through our own company, which we share equally. I purchased an item which I will use for ...
2
votes
2answers
144 views

Why do debits/credits increase/decrease assets/revenues/expenses?

I'm taking an accounting course and am finding that I don't understand exactly why "A credit decreases assets, such as inventory", for example. I understand that selling creates a decrease in assets. ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Assigning transactions to projects in Ledger?

I find I really want to add an additional, orthogonal layer to the account hierarchy. Quicken and Quickbooks lets you do this, but I'm not sure what the best way is in Ledger. I wish I could do ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Security Analysis (Ben Graham): LIFO question

I'm currently reading/studying Benjamin Graham's work in Security Analysis (1951 edition) on page 112 & 113 he demonstrates the difference between FIFO and LIFO. Table 10 shows the difference ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Is there any resource that provides a list of the most used/common components of the different statements (e.g. balance sheet) of an annual report? [closed]

I am looking for a resource that provides a list of a "perfect": statement of financial position (balance sheet) statement of earnings statement of cash flow containing components (e.g. for the ...
0
votes
2answers
120 views

To which account in income statement realized gain/loss on marketable securities is assigned? [closed]

Accounting for available for sale marketable securities requires to recognize gains/losses as part of net income. But income statement typically has many accounts. For example Interest Income/Expense ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Expense lower due to reimbursement. How to put in administration?

I only recently started to document my financial administration properly. Before, I had an Excel file with all transactions of my bank account (and a separate one for my savings account). Recently I ...
0
votes
1answer
103 views

How to enter loans made, loans received, and capital contributions in GnuCash?

I just started using GnuCash to keep track of my personal expenses and to do the books in my business. I have no accounting experience, but so far it's pretty simple. I've entered the balances on my ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

QuickBooks Desktop won't let me select Multiple U/M Per Item

I am working on a QuickBooks interface to an application. In the application, I allow users to create invoices and select the Unit of Measure from a list for each item. Reading through QuickBooks ...
1
vote
1answer
179 views

Non-Profit Accounting Boy Scouts won't fully disclose event budget [closed]

I'm extremely puzzled why the local Boy Scout council won't / can't disclose the budget of a recent 4 day day camp for cub scouts. Several parents have asked how our $100 / scout camp fee was spent. ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

How to mark an invoice as bad debt to show as business expense

I have several invoices I've billed clients, and they have never paid. How would I label or categorize the invoice, so that it shows as a business "bad debt", and thus go as an expense on my P&L ...
3
votes
1answer
216 views

What paperwork is needed when receiving salary through the cryptocurrencies?

Supposedly I got a short-term software engineering remote contract which was agreed to be paid by the cryptocurrencies or tokens on the task-basis (e.g. receiving a certain amount of EOS tokens for ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Terminology question about chart of accounts, general ledger [closed]

I'm trying to learn the correct terminology for the place where I see ALL the "accounts" AND their balances in an accounting app. I use QuickBooks and if I want to see all of this, I click "Chart of ...
4
votes
2answers
344 views

Can a IT Ltd company gamble and claim the losses as an expense?

As a UK Ltd company is it legally expected that an IT company might bet the companies money and then claim the losses as an expense against that tax year?
-2
votes
1answer
26 views

Cross listed stocks accounting [closed]

If a company buys the same stock from different exchanges, i.e. is a cross listed company how it must be accounted? (IFRS or GAAP). Note: clearly I'm not talking about registering the transaction, I'...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

GnuCash Report Dates

Am I able to set up reporting (Balance Sheet & P&L) on a weekly basis in GnuCash? I want to use this as a personal accounting program, not as a business. All transactions will be thru ...
0
votes
2answers
148 views

How to track multiple savings in a single bank account with double-entry accounting

I have multiple savings that I want to track, eg - new car, vacation, etc. I'm storing all the money for those in a single bank account. I'm not sure how to track this via double-entry bookkeeping. ...
-1
votes
1answer
308 views

How to find net income/loss of a company based on equity along with owner's investment/withdrawals? [closed]

We know that net income/loss is found by this equation: Net income/loss = Revenues - Expenses But what if both revenue and expense statements are unknown? I have the following information of the ...
0
votes
1answer
137 views

Does Capital Expenditure include acquiring business? [closed]

I got curious if CAPEX includes acquiring other businesses. Thank you so much for reading it and have a good day!
1
vote
0answers
41 views

How to account for inventory returns to wholesaler?

USA 2017 tax question here. My wife has closed out her sole-proprietorship retail business last year, and as her arm chair accountant it falls to me to figure out her gains/losses. She was able to ...
45
votes
4answers
12k views

How to teach personal accounting to an 8-year-old

I try to teach my 8 year old daughter the basics of finance. She has some her own money (partly in a wallet, partly in a piggy-bank). Some time ago, she threw a short tantrum about "someone stealing ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Should ledger entries reflect actual bank charges, orders, or totals?

I recently purchased a few things on Amazon, but they split the items into multiple charges and orders: Order 1: $40, 2 items Order 2: $50, 1 item Order 3: $250, 5 items Charge 1: $40, Order 1 ...
2
votes
5answers
1k views

Should tax refunds be debited from expense or income accounts?

I've been using Ledger to keep track of my finances. A typical income entry looks like this: 2018-01-05 * My Company Assets:Cash:Checking 1,000 USD Expenses:Taxes:Federal:...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Is the blockchain similar to double-entry book-keeping?

As far as I know, blockchains keeps transaction records from the beginning of time. This lets the blockchain retain a history of traceable transactions so it can maintain validity. Double-entry book-...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Business Expenses in Sole Proprietor's Name

Do business expenses and inventory purchased need to be in the name of the person filing the taxes? We received a 1099K this year for a 'coffee fund' that generated money from t-shirt sales. However,...
37
votes
2answers
6k views

What does “gold reserves” on a gold mining company's balance sheet mean?

From a Reuters article: On Wednesday, [Newmont Mining Corp] reported gold reserves of 68.5 million ounces for 2017, unchanged from 2016, as it replaced reserves through exploration, projects, ...
1
vote
1answer
207 views

Business Accounting and Reimbursement of Expenses in a Partnership

This maybe a stupid question but I can't seem to get my mind around it. I have a partnership and we've both spent some money on start-up expenses for which we'd like to be reimbursed now that the ...
0
votes
1answer
149 views

Simple problem: how much cash was collected from customers? [closed]

Our professor posted this practice exam question, and I'm having trouble understanding why the answer key is correct: The balance in Accounts Receivable was $650,000 at the beginning of the year ...
3
votes
1answer
310 views

Tracking Stocks in gnucash: Total mount shown in the ledger is wrong

I recently started buying some stocks and track them with gnuCash. I used the gnuCash manual to get started. Basically I have Assets:Broker Account where I transfer money. From this account I buy ...
4
votes
1answer
115 views

Deducting interest on a loan to repair a rental property

I own and rent out an apartment in a building that needs extensive repairs. The body corporate has broken the levy for the repairs into six payments. For the first three payments, last tax year, I ...