Questions tagged [401k]

A 401(k) account is a tax-deferred retirement savings account setup by many employers for their employees in the United States. Employees can elect to contribute part of their earnings - either pre-tax or after-tax - to their 401k account and the employer will often make a matching contribution for a portion of it. The before-tax and/or after-tax contributions are subject to yearly limits set by the IRS. Related to the 403b and Thrift Savings Plan (TSP)

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15 views

Starting/acquiring a business to minimize RMDs

Suppose an individual is 72 years of age and would like to minimize RMDs from a traditional 401k plan. They are willing to continue working in order to qualify for the still-working exception, as ...
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How do I find the 401(k) administrator of a long gone company?

I was recently informed by the Social Security Administration that I "may" be entitled to some retirement benefits from a company I worked for in ... 1996. The company (which was publicly ...
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1answer
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Leaving US temporarily to pursue a Ph.D. what to do with my assets?

I am currently on an H1b working as a software engineer in the US. I am applying to a lot of Ph.D. positions in Europe & Asia. I have about 350k USD in Index funds(100k+ profits) and 150k USD in ...
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Company with high match for 401K vs IRA, which to choose?

I am fortunate to be at a company with a pretty high 401K match, 50% with no cap. Normally when I've saved in the past, I've done the 401K up to the amount matched, and then chose other savings ...
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1answer
51 views

Return of excess 401k contributions after rollover to IRA

Suppose the following: Contribute $50,000 to pre-tax 401k 401k grows by 5% 401k is rolled over to traditional IRA What is the proper course of action to return the excess 401k contribution? What ...
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582 views

What happens to investments inside a 401(k) when rolling it over?

Suppose a 401(k) contains mutual fund investments and is linked to a brokerage account holding various stocks, ETFs, mutual funds, etc. What happens to those investments should the 401(k) be rolled ...
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401k Matching: Why match 50 cents on a dollar up to 8% instead of dollar for dollar up to 4%? [duplicate]

What is the reason an employer would match 50 cents on every dollar up to 8% instead of matching 1 dollar on every dollar up to 4%? Is it the same or approximately the same thing?
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1answer
414 views

401K Loan - Company switched providers and rules

My company (a large health co) merged with a larger Pharm Co. In this process, we basically got all the Pharm Co benefits. When with the health co, I took out a 401k loan which had the provisions that ...
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115 views

How much of my 401(k) should I roll over to a Roth IRA to pay the least taxes?

I am 61 yrs old want and I want to start rolling over my 401K to a Roth-IRA account. How can I figure out how much money I should roll over in order to pay the least taxes? Through a google search, I ...
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126 views

Does a company allow its employees to roll over their 401K money to an external IRA account while being employed?

If a person want's to transfer his/her 401K money to an external traditional IRA account (say Chase) while he is still employed at the company, will his company permit that? The employee might wanna ...
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Will rolling over my 401K into a traditional IRA have any tax consequences if modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) is above the IRS income limits?

I currently have a 401K account from my employer. I have had this account for the past 4 years. I wish to have better control over my investments made in this retirement account, so I am considering ...
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1answer
81 views

401K balance while in foreign company branch

I have transferred from a US company to a branch in home country. I'm paid through local country payroll and have no ties with US or the US branch payroll any longer. When I requested a distribution ...
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What tax forms have to filed when doing a rollover from After-tax 401(k) to Roth IRA?

What tax forms have to filed when doing a rollover from After-tax 401(k) to Roth IRA? Examples appreciated.
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1answer
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How do I manage 401K Contribution limits across multiple sources of income?

I have an employer sponsored 401K plan where my employer matches up to a certain limit. I max out at 19.5K and my employer pays about 7.5K which works out to be 27K total. Now I also perform ...
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1answer
77 views

Are there IRS limits for 401k to Roth IRA rollovers?

I am 61 years old and I have two 401k plans from former employers. I want to roll over these 401k plans into a single Roth IRA account over a period of time in several intervals. I would like to know ...
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1answer
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Excess 401k Contribution Found After April 15th but before May 17th

Hoping for an answer ASAP. I just found out I have overcontributed to my 401k for 2020 (2 different employers). It's after April 15th so Fidelity can no longer withdraw the excess. However, I haven'...
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Which field of W2 is compared with 130k threshold for NHCE/HCE classification?

I understand that many companies use the 125k/130k/etc fixed threshold for classification of NHCE/HCE employees (whereas others use the 20% rule), which field of W2 is used to determine this? For ...
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401k refund if an HCE front-loads 19.5k, leaves on March 1, and the ADP test fails?

Let's say it's your third calendar year working for a company with no vested employer match; you're classified as HCE. You make a mistake of front-loading 90% of your income in the first two months, ...
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Can there be different After-Tax contribution limits for HCE and NHCE in a Mega Backdoor Roth 401k?

Is it possible in a 401k plan with Mega Backdoor Roth to have different After-Tax contribution amount limits for each employee depending on whether they're part of the HCE or NHCE group? For example, ...
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2answers
564 views

What is a 401k plan in some contracting agency that is 0% to 100% contribution and limited to 25 funds?

I have worked as a software contractor before, for a company and they didn't have 401(k) plan at all. And then I have worked at a different company, with something like, we can contribute, and for the ...
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183 views

At what age can I withdraw from my 401k

I am 61 years old and I don't want to withdraw money from my 401k too soon. I am wondering at what age can I take money from the 401K without being subject to penalty? Thanks
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If I don't plan to sell the stock until age 60 or 65 in USA, is it exactly the same in a regular account vs an IRA or 401k account?

With the limitations of how much money we can put in IRA, Roth IRA, or 401(k) account, I just thought, what if we plan to buy the stock and know we won't sell it until age 60 or 65, when our income ...
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401k or Roth IRA for non treaty countries

This might be a bit complicated, so pretty please bear with me a little. I am currently living in USA on a E2 visa. My employer offers both 401k and Roth IRA. I do not plan to neither retire nor ...
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3answers
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Optimizing Savings Allocations

I am currently trying to decide the best way to allocate my savings, and I would appreciate your input. I am trying to budget roughly based on the idea of using 50% of my post tax income for ...
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3answers
87 views

Taxes on growth - Traditional vs Roth 401K

Let's say I can put $10K today in my 401K. Let's assume this investment theoretically grows to $100K by the time I retire. Putting aside income brackets for a moment, is it true that if my 401K ...
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1answer
46 views

Are employee (NOT employer) contributions to a 401(k) ERISA-protected?

Say you work for a business that offers 401(k) plan. Investopedia says: Under the Employment Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA), the funds in your 401(k) only legally belong to you once ...
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2answers
125 views

Taking out a 401K Loan vs. Liquidating Investments - what's better?

Let's assume the following: I need $50K for various expenditures (aka simply spending, not paying off CC debt or putting the money somewhere else). I can either liquidate regular taxable investments ...
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44 views

IRA contributions income limit [duplicate]

I never calculated my MAGI, but I don't have any student loans, educational expenses or anything like that for that matter. I just claim standard deduction every year. My net income this year is going ...
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1answer
126 views

How does 401k loan default after you left your job?

I'm trying to find some basic answers here but having a very hard time. I have a job currently and I'm about to lose it. I have pulled out a 401k loan and paying it back through the payroll deduction. ...
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4answers
941 views

How should I split my contributions to Roth IRA and Roth 401k?

I am in my early 20s and currently contribute ~18% of my income to my retirement accounts, 7% to company sponsored Roth 401(k) (Popular Investment Company) and 11% into my Roth IRA (A "Big 3"...
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If I sold some stock by mistake and immediately bought it back, is that sale still subject to capital gain tax in USA?

Today I wanted to buy a few shares of Apple (AAPL), let's say 10 shares. When I handled the UI, there was the "By number of shares" and "By dollar amount" and then "Market&...
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1answer
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Rolling over funds from a traditional IRA into an Individual 401(k) to avoid the pro-rata rule

I expect that in 2022, my income will exceed the deduction limits for a traditional IRA, so any contributions I make to it will be non-deductible. My understanding is that once I make a non-deductible ...
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1answer
43 views

Are 401k and IRA contributions reduced for new, part-year, US residents?

Suppose I move to the US partway through the year and start working. I will file a dual-status tax return. My employer offers a 401k plan and I want to contribute as much as I am permitted. I ...
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2answers
99 views

Is 401(k) plan without any matching like an IRA?

I might take a software contracting job, and the agency has a 401(k) plan, but just 0% matching. But it seems a little bit weird: what does it mean, is it a way for us to put more money in than an IRA ...
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1answer
84 views

Backdoor Roth vs Mega backdoor Roth contributions

I heard about Backdoor Roth IRA, and Mega backdoor Roth contributions. Are they one and the same? Or are they different? I ask because I know some folks who work for a big tech company in the US that ...
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2answers
71 views

Old company 401k was going to move to rollover ira but fidelity delaying me

I have done a lot of research on my old 401k. I do not want to withdraw any of it. I do not want to move it to my roth ira as I would owe taxes on it. I also do not want to move it to my new employers ...
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1answer
36 views

Overpayment at time of 401k withdrawal, during 2020

If, during 2020, one did an early withdrawal funds from a 401(k) and/or IRA, and one elected for extra withholding (above its final tax rate), when would that get returned? Is it handled with the tax ...
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0answers
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Income taxes - Changing state of residence before moving out of the US

I'm an European citizen working for in the US with a 2 year contract; I was and will be a non resident alien for 2020 and 2021, but RA in 2022; I have to contribute to a retirement fund (it's a 401(a),...
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5answers
3k views

With tax-free earnings, isn't Roth 401(k) almost always better than 401(k) pre-tax for a young person? [duplicate]

I can start withdrawing from my 401(k) in 30 years. I'm currently in one of the the highest federal tax brackets and will likely be in the lowest tax brackets when I start withdrawing. That alone ...
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2answers
4k views

Could my employer match contribution have caused me to have an excess 401K contribution?

Could my employer's match have caused me to have an excess 401K contribution? For 2020, I contributed the maximum into my 401k-Roth, $19,500. I also made a catch-up contribution (I'm eligible) to my ...
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0answers
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What will the following year tax burden be on partial repay of an premature 401K withdrawal?

What will the following year tax burden be on partial repay of an premature 401K withdrawal? I quit my job. I have a 401K from the previous employer -- and took out a partial money due to COVID ...
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1answer
75 views

Can 401k beneficiaries be structured to pass through to children?

When you name multiple primary beneficiaries of a 401k, the assets can be divided proportionally among the beneficiaries, but the contingent beneficiaries don't kick in unless all primary ...
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1answer
52 views

How to determine state tax for 401(k) distribution as a part-year resident?

I'm trying to help my in-laws with their taxes and I just want to make sure about something before filing. They bought a home in Texas (no state tax) in the middle of 2020, still maintaining residency ...
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2answers
101 views

Paying Taxes on a Bonus Check

In this article, "How to Avoid Paying Taxes on a Bonus Check" it suggests the following: Strategies to manage the taxes you’ll have to pay on a bonus fall into two camps. First, you can ...
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1answer
631 views

Why is my former employer matching dividends in my 401k?

Here's a screenshot from the recent transaction history (this December) from the 401k from an employer that I haven't been employed by for many years. The index fund in question pays out a dividend ...
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2answers
1k views

Why are excess HSA/IRA/401k/etc contributions allowed?

I accidentally made an excess contribution to my HSA (or my employer or HSA custodian made a mistake, it's still not clear). I know what I need to do to correct it, but I'm curious, why is that ...
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1answer
37 views

Computed 401K RoR differs from broker's information

I have a 401k through Fidelity and have recently started being more active in the market. I was haphazardly selecting funds that seemed to do well but apparently wasn't the most advantageous due to ...
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72 views

Withdraw after-tax contributions from 401k without penalty

In my most recent payroll (which included bonuses), I messed up my contribution % for pre-tax and after-tax 401k. I ended up with $10k in pre-tax and $44k in after-tax (+4k in employer matches), when ...
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3answers
905 views

Do Traditional 401(k), FSA, and HSA contributions reduce your tax liability even if you don't itemize?

I hope people will indulge me what may be a rather dumb question. If you take the standard deduction/don't itemize, does contributing to a Traditional 401(k), Health Savings Account, or flex medical ...
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What is the point of a retirement plan contribution limits (with after tax dollars)? [duplicate]

Based on the 2021 numbers: 401(k) elective deferrals are limited to 19,500. Limits here make sense as savings offer obvious advantages: pre-tax contributions in case of regular 401(k); non-taxed ...

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