Questions tagged [401k]

A 401(k) account is a tax-deferred retirement savings account setup by many employers for their employees in the United States. Employees can elect to contribute part of their earnings - either pre-tax or after-tax - to their 401k account and the employer will often make a matching contribution for a portion of it. The before-tax and/or after-tax contributions are subject to yearly limits set by the IRS. Related to the 403b and Thrift Savings Plan (TSP)

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2
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3answers
61 views

In-kind transfer for a traditional 401(k) to IRA rollover

I'm rolling over a 401(k) that is holding only VIVLX, a Vanguard target date fund, to a brokerage. It's not proprietary but it is the institutional class of the fund, so my brokerage minimum for ...
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0answers
56 views

What to do if company is not honoring vesting schedule in Pension Protection Act?

Let's say someone works for a company that lets employees contribute to a 401k, and the employer offers a match. Based on my read of the 2006 Pension Protection Act (beginning on p. 2 of the linked ...
6
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1answer
419 views

What will happen to my 401k money if I leave USA permanently?

I am 33 years old and currently employed in USA on a work visa. I am contributing to my employer provided 401k plan since 4 years. I might be moving back to my home country once I max out my current ...
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3answers
243 views

Reasons to invest in 401k vs pay off loan in 1 year?

I have ~$70k across 401k and Roth IRA. I have federal student loan at $17k with 3.8%. Thus, my NW is $53k. If I choose to invest $19k into my 401k and assume the average rate of return of 7%, my 401k ...
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1answer
83 views

What is “IRS compliance testing” for terminated 401k plans?

I have a 401k through a previous employer. That employer recently ceased operations, and as part of that, terminated their 401k plan. As such, the employer directed myself and other employees to fill ...
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4answers
228 views

Refinancing student loans in the context of an impending recession

I am a 23 year old, employed, Software Engineer working for a startup in an inexpensive city in the United States. I make $71k/year plus stock options that incrementally vest over 3 years. I have no ...
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2answers
124 views

basic retirement planning for someone middle-aged

I'm in my early 40s and haven't done anything for retirement yet. I do own some property which I plan to sell later this year, and I'm planning to use the proceeds to plan for retirement. The proceeds ...
3
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1answer
198 views

Is it typical to wait 19 months for first employer 401K contribution?

I want to understand if these policies would be considered typical, better than average, or below average. An employer offers a matching contribution to 401K, details are: 0% vested in employer ...
4
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1answer
181 views

Can my employer make me forfeit Safe Harbor match if I over contribute?

My employer 401k plan offers 'after tax non Roth' contributions, in addition to traditional pre-tax and Roth. I chose to max out my pre-tax contributions at $19,000 this year and then switch to '...
4
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2answers
215 views

Does a 401(k) loan count as debt when calculating Debt-to-Income Ratio?

Does a regular 401(k) loan count as debt when calculating one's Debt-to-income ratio when applying for a mortgage? The loan is within the organization that manages the 401(k), and it does not show in ...
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5answers
16k views

401(k) investment after being fired. Do I own it?

A friend was released from their job after 4 years, not vested. I understand 5 years are required to be vested. Are they entitled to the contributions they made to the 401(k)?
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1answer
95 views

Fidelity 401(k) investment

I have started investing in a 401(k) recently. I have few questions on how Fidelity 401k investments work. Choosing Investments: Let's say I didn't choose any investment options, does that mean my ...
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9answers
5k views

Should I increase my 401(k) contributions, or increase my mortgage payments

I have about $150k remaining to pay on my mortgage. There are 7 years left at a 3% interest rate, then after that the rate goes variable and increases to about 10%+. There's no penalty for paying the ...
3
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0answers
63 views

HCE Excess Refund on 401k Plan

This year, I received a letter from the company I worked for notifying me that they did not pass the 401k non discrimination test. As a highly-compensated employee, I received an excess refund check ...
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2answers
109 views

Tax on IRA and 401K to Roth conversion

I have a 403b account with my employer, a simple IRA account, a SEP IRA account, and a Roth IRA account. My wife has a simple IRA account, a Roth IRA account and a rollover IRA account from a previous ...
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4answers
4k views

Why is my 401k manager recommending me to save more?

I am currently contributing enough to hit the limit (~$18000) per year and get a match of 100% for 4% of it. My 401k provider (Fidelity) just sent me a quarterly progress email and suggests that I ...
12
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3answers
5k views

Should I prioritize my 401(k) over my student loans?

Lately things have been a bit tight. Between student loan payments, my HSA, my 401(k) and bills my account balance isn't going up or down, its stagnant. I am wondering if I should decrease my savings ...
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0answers
154 views

What recourse do I have if I was auto-enrolled into an employer's 401k plan despite opting out?

I started my new job on April 1, 2019 and at the first meeting with my manager I asked my new manager how I could dis-enroll or un-enroll from the 401K plan rather than be auto-enrolled @ 4%. He didn'...
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2answers
223 views

Employer overpaid me by mistake and wants the gross pay back, including 401K contribution and taxes

My last week's pay at my former employer was paid out twice. They want their money back, which I will gladly do, but here is the problem: Part of the gross pay went to my 401K (no company match ...
5
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2answers
177 views

401(k) seems to be in 'limbo'?

I have worked for a large multinational in the US for many years and whilst working with them, I have built up a sum of money in a 401(k) with Fidelity. However, about 2 years ago, my division within ...
3
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0answers
112 views

Should a Canadian working in the USA, invest in a 401k, Roth IRA, Traditional IRA, and/or RRSP?

I have a cousin who is a Canadian citizen working in the USA, asking me about the Canadian RRSP. However being an American I am more familiar with 401k, Roth IRA, and Traditional IRA. 1) From ...
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2answers
194 views

Borrowing against 401k for first home - things to watch

There is a general advice that borrowing against 401k is to be avoided. When I was looking at related questions here in SE I found a few discussions where some experts challenged the generality. For ...
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1answer
73 views

401k / Foreign Tax Credit

I am resident in the UK. My Wife is also resident in the UK, but is a US citizen. I'm 40 years old. We file a joint US tax return each year, and we file 1116 against all of my UK earnings. I have ...
12
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3answers
3k views

Is it wise to pay off mortgage with 401k?

I've been considering paying off my mortgage with my 401k balance. Some particulars, I'm in WA state in the US, and I'll turn 60 in about a week. I have enough in my 401k with my current employer to ...
8
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3answers
2k views

I'm attempting to understand my 401k and how much I need to contribute to maximize the match

I pretty much put the entire question in the title. My company's 401k is the following: Your employer matching contribution is equal to 100% of your employee deferrals up to 1% of eligible ...
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7answers
4k views

Should one save up to purchase a house/condo or maximize their 401(k) first?

On the one hand, it seems like 401k with employee matching is one of the best investments you could possibly make. On the other hand, paying rent to a landlord is an ongoing loss compared to living in ...
6
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1answer
220 views

If a non-citizen non-US-resident withdraws from their 401k, are they taxed based on their US income or worldwide income?

This is a follow-up to my previous question. Let's say you spend 10 years in the US as a non-US citizen and end up saving up $150k in your 401k fund. After 10 years you finish your employment and ...
38
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4answers
10k views

Why is there a cap on 401k contributions?

In theory, the government wants everyone to save up as much as possible for retirement so that citizens don't end up starving when they're no longer able to work. But in practice there is a limit of ...
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4answers
573 views

Those retiring early - what other steps can I take to ensure retirement at 50?

I want to retire early (am 40 - want to retire by 50). For those who have done it in and around that time (without inheriting a ton of money from someone) what steps or things can I do to help make ...
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3answers
407 views

Does it make sense to start saving into a 401k, if you might move out of the US before retirement?

Contributions to 401k funds are subject to a 10% penalty if taken out before the age of 59.5. Presuming my employer has a 401k matching program, does it make sense to contribute to a 401k if I might ...
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1answer
74 views

401k catch up contributions for HCEs - can my company forbid these?

I am currently restricted to a 9.5% contribution rate to my 401k due to imposed limits by my company for HCEs (apparently we failed a test last year). My CFO is telling me that it is illegal for them ...
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2answers
731 views

Why do 401k up to company match, then fill Roth IRA, then finish filling 401k?

Places like NerdWallet and the FI/RE community on Reddit suggest contributing to a 401k up to the company match (if one is offered), then maxing out a Roth IRA, and then going back and continuing to ...
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0answers
44 views

Quitting working - where to put 401k money? [duplicate]

My spouse is considering becoming a stay-at-home parent. They currently work and have a 401k. If they do leave their job, and want to rollover the 401k, what's the best investment vehicle to choose? ...
10
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3answers
2k views

401(k) cost basis

My first 401(k) started in the early 1990s with some employer matching funds. Since then, there have rollovers, more 401(k)s, and lost records. Aside from a really rough estimate, what happens when ...
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0answers
43 views

Can I roll over 401k without leaving job, into personal IRA [duplicate]

I am younger than 40. Can I move my current employer-sponsored 401k funds to a personal IRA, without penality, and without leaving the company?
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1answer
91 views

401(k) vesting when switching companies owned by same entity

Initially I worked for a company A. This company is owned by company B. A few years in, I transferred to company C, which is also owned by company B. I started a 401(k) with company A, ...
4
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1answer
53 views

401k Rollover with TSP

I have been researching what do with a an old 401k and there is a lot of information on the pros and cons of rolling it over into a new 401k plan versus an IRA. I also have a TSP account with a small ...
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3answers
109 views

Are most 401k providers comparable? [duplicate]

I will be needing to decide if I should roll my 401k from a previous job into the 401k at my current job. Are some companies which the employer has a 401k through much less appealing than others, or ...
3
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2answers
126 views

Can you fix a rollover that went into a Roth IRA and put it into a regular IRA?

If someone, in the process of leaving a job last summer, rolled over their 401K into a Roth IRA and is now looking at a several thousand dollar tax bill, is there any way to salvage that by ...
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0answers
36 views

Traditional vs Roth 401K [duplicate]

I just found out that the company I work for offers 401K Roth. I am thinking of switching to 401K Roth soon. Right now I only have traditional retirement fund and no Roth. I think I have been ...
2
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0answers
62 views

correcting a W-2 showing 401k contribution as taxable

My employer made a profit-sharing contribution into my 401k, and they are including it in my taxable income. 1) Is this contribution taxable? I think it is not taxable. The IRS says: "Your employer'...
2
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1answer
105 views

Withdrawing money from my 401k account outside of US?

So my visa expires next year and my employer has a 3 year vesting period for their contributions. When the contributions vest and I am no longer in the country, how can I withdraw from my 401k? Can I ...
3
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2answers
503 views

I'm self employed. Can I contribute to my previous employers 401k?

I have a 401(k) from my previous job. I left and was unemployed, but now I'm self-employed. Is it possible to contribute to that former 401(k)? Or do I have to create a Solo/Individual 401(k)?
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5answers
255 views

401K Market Timing

I was recently reading a question regarding protecting your 401K from stock market drops and I got me a bit more curious about timing the market. We know that at some point there will be a large ...
25
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4answers
19k views

Have I saved too much for retirement so far?

I currently have a roth ira as well as a 401k from fidelity. I have around 350k in my 401k and another 10k in my Roth IRA. I just turned 40 recently. Am I saving too much for retirement and should I ...
24
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7answers
7k views

Should I stop contributing to retirement accounts, and instead focus on expanding our real estate investments?

My wife and I are in our later 30s and make about $100,000 per year from salary. We also net about $40,000 from rental properties that we have purchased over the past several years. Our essential ...
2
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2answers
98 views

401(k) distribution tax calculation

Wanting to receive $25k distribution from my fully vested 401k w/former employer. Figuring required 20% withdrawal penalty to be $5k (25,000 x20%), so my account balance would be reduced by a total ...
2
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4answers
309 views

Former employer deposited money in my 401K by accident

Former employer put about $3K in my 401K after I had left the company for 1 year. A year later they discovered it and are asking for the money back. Do I legally owe this to them?
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1answer
78 views

Are 401k withdrawals included in income for Medicare premiums?

How do I report 401k withdrawals to Medicare if the IRS does not report it?
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0answers
288 views

Where do I report 1042-S income on 1040 form?

US citizen living in Puerto Rico. For 2018 will receive a 1042-S instead of a 1099 R for 401 K withdrawals because tax rule changes. My address is Puerto Rico outside 50 states and no W-9 on file. (...