Questions tagged [401k]

A 401(k) account is a tax-deferred retirement savings account setup by many employers for their employees in the United States. Employees can elect to contribute part of their earnings - either pre-tax or after-tax - to their 401k account and the employer will often make a matching contribution for a portion of it. The before-tax and/or after-tax contributions are subject to yearly limits set by the IRS. Related to the 403b and Thrift Savings Plan (TSP)

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1answer
107 views

401k's from the employers side

Let's say you, as an employee, have $5,000 in 0% vested funds in a 401k. You don't get the money when you leave but what does happen to that money? Does that money get redistributed out to other 401k ...
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211 views

Can you un-enroll from 401k at any time?

Can you un-enroll from 401k at any time? Or is it like health insurance where you are locked into it until open enrollment periods?
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Can't see Balance in 401k account [closed]

I put about $400 into a 401k account, but the balance still says $0. Likewise, the vested balance is also $0. Why is this?
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401k benefits meaning: 10% of salary deferral subject to first 0.6% of compensation as elective contribution

From the benefits package of a prospective employer: CompanyX contribution: 10% of salary deferral subject to first 0.6% of compensation as elective contribution What does this mean?
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192 views

How much should you put in a 401k plan?

I am making ~$145,000 per year and was wondering if it is wise to contribute 12% pre-tax to my 401k? Is this too much? Is there any disadvantage in contributing nothing? I am already well off (come ...
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2answers
174 views

401k Match percentage - Does it include bonuses?

I'm the owner of a small business with one employee other than myself, and I'm looking at 401k plans for the business. A significant amount of this employees total compensation will end up coming ...
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1answer
140 views

Does purchasing a second home qualify for 401K hardship withdrawal?

I just asked Vanguard and they checked my withdrawal availability: Either Hardship withdrawal may only be taken for the following purposes: Purchase of a primary residence. Prevention ...
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49 views

Transfer from US 401k fund to Australian Superannuation fund

I worked in the USA for a number of years and have now relocated to Australia. I have balances in both US 401k fund (+ IRAs) and Australian superannuation fund. It seems that the Australian ...
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1answer
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Does an in-service rollover of a Roth 401(k) to an existing 15 year old Roth IRA incur any tax?

I have a Roth 401(k) and want to roll it over into my existing 15 year old Roth IRA while still employed. Vanguard is the fiduciary for both. Is any part of this rollover considered taxable? I am ...
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57 views

Can you roll a traditional IRA into a 401k and do a Backdoor Roth IRA same year?

The following is a situation a few of my friends are in: Significant assets in traditional IRA Income above Roth IRA limits Their 401k plan allows you to roll regular IRAs into it Now, the prorata ...
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Do employers receive any financial benefit from offering a RRSP/401K matching program? [duplicate]

I understand that companies that offer RRSP matching programs may be more attractive to work for/have better employee retention, and the employers may get warm fuzzies from offering it to their ...
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125 views

How should I distribute investment types between differently-taxed accounts?

Background: I'm 37 and work in the U.S. I have a gross income ~100k, a 401k funded to the legal limit, a Roth IRA funded to the legal limit, and a regular investment account. The 401k has most of the ...
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Return of excess employer contribution after transfer to IRA

A few years ago, I had an internship, and had to set up an account with the employer's retirement fund company. A couple of years after leaving the company, I was closing out old accounts, and ...
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3answers
255 views

Best Way to minimize taxes on 401K distribution?

I recently retired at 57 after 36 years with the same employer. I live pretty frugally and my pension is $90K covers all my normal living expenses. I have approximately $2M in retirement savings most ...
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1answer
39 views

Stock Reclassification to ESOP in 401k

In my current 401k, there are periodic conversions (looks like the beginning of each year) of the classification of company stock to ESOP shares. There is no change in quantity of traded shares and ...
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100% employee contribution to 401K, how to handle employee paid social security and medicare?

An employee earns $12,000 a year and wants to defer $12,000 as an employee contribution to 401K: Does the employee need to pay employer the employee portion of social security and medicare? Can ...
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127 views

Salary deduction to contribute more to a 401K through the employer's match

If an employer is allowed to contribute up to 38K (57K-19K) to your 401K through a match, why don't we have an option to deduct the extra 38K from our salary and count it as the employer match in ...
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1answer
100 views

Year of 401k contribution for last paycheck?

I am getting my next paycheck on Jan 2nd, 2020. The paycheck covers work performed in 2019. Will the paycheck go towards my 2019 or 2020 401K contribution limit?
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61 views

What is the time window to deposit IRA account to handle this year tax benefit?

I don't have a 401K account, but am considering opening an IRA account to save some taxes. How long the time window is available for me to have the IRA account? Also in my understanding in the later ...
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1answer
109 views

My 401(K) plan and form 5500

I live in the United States and have a small unincorporated business. I have no employees and I am single. I have a 401(K) and a Roth 401(K) through E*Trade. Between the two accounts I have a little ...
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195 views

Conflicting advice about what to do with my 401k / Roth IRA

I left a company that I was at for over 18 years about a year ago. The company I was at was using Fidelity and I had then opened a Roth IRA under Fidelity as well. My Roth only has around 15k and my ...
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1answer
382 views

Buy Land Using Old 401K?

I have a 401K from a job I left ~7 months ago. I'm looking to buy some land and do construction on it. I need to put about $40K down on the land, but I only have ~$30K in savings. What's the best way ...
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Variable Annuity Vs Roth IRA Vs 401K. Pros & Cons of Investment Plans

I'm trying to understand the pros and cons of Variable Annuity products like Mass Mutual Transitions Select. I worked for a few employers for a short term like 1 to 2 years and had 401K with them. ...
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1answer
215 views

I plan to cash out my entire 401k within 2 years, should I maximize my contributions or should I minimize them and invest in money market/index funds?

I have a serious medical issue that makes collecting my 401k benefit a near impossibility. I have about 20k saved up in my 401k and we’ll call it $60k in the market mostly in index funds/ETFs. I ...
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Double entry process for 401k account exchange

I'm entering journal entries for hledger for a 401k account and have questions about how it should work when an account goes through an exchange (I'm not sure what it is exactly; I guess the finance ...
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103 views

Taxes on 401k withdrawal

I’m a bit confused why my dad had so much in fees withheld when he pulled some money out of his 401k. He is 67 and his 401k is through ADP. He wanted to withdraw 5k dollars. We did all the paper work ...
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68 views

401k rollovers - pros & cons question [duplicate]

I have some 401k money in a former employer plan. It is doing really well, I like their funds and their Financial Engines program. I hesitate to touch it. My new employer has a good plan. The way ...
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1answer
104 views

Can an employer change a 401k plan to make it worse without notice?

I have been at my current employer for three years as of March 2020. As per my 401k I am to be 100% vested at year three. Today, 11/24/19 I received notice that the vesting schedule has changed to ...
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2answers
187 views

Why 401K contribution as whole % rather than in quarter percent resolution [duplicate]

I asked another question, and there are reasons for employers to keep it in percentage of salary instead of fix dollar amount. But what is harm in making it a fraction of a percent, like permitting ...
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5answers
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Why 401k contribution as % of salary vs. fixed amount per pay check?

I am wondering why some companies do not let their employee choose a fix amount per pay check as a 401K contribution. In my all jobs it has been always a % of my salary, so I will chose a percentage ...
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2answers
172 views

Should I contribute more to my 401(k) or IRA?

I am trying to figure out a reasonable strategy for my situation. I make over the limit to write off traditional IRA contributions on my taxes starting in 2020. I currently contribute 8% to my 401k. ...
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3answers
125 views

will company match on 401K if employee exceed the limit [duplicate]

Suppose an employee has a yearly salary of $100K and his/her company matches "50 percent match up to the first 6 percent", and the employee is contributing at a rate of 40%. The employee will reach ...
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Why should I invest so much in 401(k)?

I am 24 yrs old and am making $60,000/yr while saving ~41% of that. 28% of which is going to my Roth 401(k) and the rest is going into a TD Ameritrade and a small amount into a Robinhood account (both ...
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2answers
203 views

I left my job after a few months. I was not fully vested. Why is the non-vested amount still on my 401K plan?

I left my job after a few months. I was not fully vested. Why is the non-vested amount ($1000) still on my 401K plan? Why doesn't the employer just take the non-vested money away and put it in their ...
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1answer
164 views

Is $50k in business income enough to consider hiring a pension specialist?

I am currently a full time software developer, and have a side business done under my own LLC (S corp). For the sake of having concrete numbers, lets say I make $100,000 through my full time job, and ...
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Will an administrator exceed the 401K limit?

Suppose a person has a single job with $80K salary for the year and chooses 30% contribution to their 401K. The limit for 2020 contributions is 19.5K. Will the employer or the administrator stop ...
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1answer
105 views

Money type for dad's partial distribution from 401k?

My dad is 66, retired, and has around $75k in his 401k with ADP. He wants to pull $5k out of his account. ADP sent a form to fill out and I am helping him since he has some questions. On the form ...
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1answer
131 views

over contributed after-tax 401K

I have had two employers in 2019. Through both employers, I made around $18K pre-tax 401K contribution combined in 2019 (which is less than $19K limit). However, through employer match and after-tax ...
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2answers
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401K loan repayment

401 K plan allows me to take a loan and repay it in monthly installments with 5% additional, which adjusts it for inflation, i.e., I do not have to pay any fees or interest rate for my loan. I know ...
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1answer
177 views

What is a Mega Backdoor Roth IRA?

The so-called "Mega Backdoor Roth IRA" was coined in the following article in 2014: I don’t hear about new ideas very often, but here is one that a few people might find very useful. I call it the “...
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Is putting money in a 401(k) plan risky?

I've been working for a company that offers me a MassMutual 401(k) plan as a benefit. The employer's match is 50% of my contribution. I've contributed 3% of my gross salary to the plan, and planning ...
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2answers
208 views

401k Taxes (USA) — Traditional vs Roth (not IRA)

Good afternoon, Looking for the 401k tax pros out there. I have four primary 401k tax related questions: 1) Income Tax Bracket at Retirement: When retiring and "cashing out" on a trad 401k: I ...
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1answer
59 views

Can I invest in both SEP IRA and IRA or solo 401(k) if i've worked in W2 for few months and as an independent contractor for the rest of the year?

I worked as a W-2 employee from Jan-Mar and became an independent contractor from Sep this year.My employer did not provide me 401(k) or any benefits. I received around 18K after tax from W2 and I'm ...
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1answer
239 views

Is the Thrift Savings Plan a 401k plan, a 403b plan, a 457 plan, or none of the above?

Is the Thrift Savings Plan a 401k plan, a 403b plan, a 457 plan, or none of the above? If it is none of the above, then where are the rules and regulations of the plan defined if not in the U.S. Code?
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220 views

When do we have to pay the tax for 401K withdrawals?

I am planning to withdraw money from my 401K to use it for down payment on a house. The question is, when do I have to pay the tax? If I withdraw it in 2020 after I file my tax return, would I pay the ...
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2answers
135 views

Am I eligible to be fully vested?

I have worked for a company in Illinois for a little more than 2 years and was layoff in 2016 in a "mass layoffs" of 37 employees. My 401K shows two balances: Vested balance: $25,651 and Current ...
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2answers
208 views

IRA limits with employer 401K

My wife and I both work and both our employers offer 401K plans. When I first started my job 4 years ago they had a policy that required you to work for 1 year before you could start making ...
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171 views

Am I on the right track? Feedback welcome!

Here's my situation: 43 y/o, married w/ two kids under 10. I'm in a defined benefit program and I have a formula where I can retire at 60 with 2% of my highest salary times the number of service ...
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3answers
250 views

Are the fees on this 401k plan too much?

My employer uses a relatively new company called "Human Interest" for our 401(k)s. I have 401(k) accounts with Fidelity and TransAmerica from former employers, and I'm trying to decide which is best. ...
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2answers
128 views

Does your 401k provider stop you when you hit your max?

In general, I was wondering who is responsible for keeping track of when a normal, employer-sponsored 401k account has hit its pre-tax contribution limits for a year. I assume that, in the end, the ...

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