Questions tagged [401k]

A 401(k) account is a tax-deferred retirement savings account setup by many employers for their employees in the United States. Employees can elect to contribute part of their earnings - either pre-tax or after-tax - to their 401k account and the employer will often make a matching contribution for a portion of it. The before-tax and/or after-tax contributions are subject to yearly limits set by the IRS. Related to the 403b and Thrift Savings Plan (TSP)

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7
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6answers
1k views

Will an administrator exceed the 401K limit?

Suppose a person has a single job with $80K salary for the year and chooses 30% contribution to their 401K. The limit for 2020 contributions is 19.5K. Will the employer or the administrator stop ...
2
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1answer
96 views

Money type for dad's partial distribution from 401k?

My dad is 66, retired, and has around $75k in his 401k with ADP. He wants to pull $5k out of his account. ADP sent a form to fill out and I am helping him since he has some questions. On the form ...
3
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1answer
123 views

over contributed after-tax 401K

I have had two employers in 2019. Through both employers, I made around $18K pre-tax 401K contribution combined in 2019 (which is less than $19K limit). However, through employer match and after-tax ...
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2answers
72 views

401K loan repayment

401 K plan allows me to take a loan and repay it in monthly installments with 5% additional, which adjusts it for inflation, i.e., I do not have to pay any fees or interest rate for my loan. I know ...
1
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1answer
140 views

What is a Mega Backdoor Roth IRA?

The so-called "Mega Backdoor Roth IRA" was coined in the following article in 2014: I don’t hear about new ideas very often, but here is one that a few people might find very useful. I call it the “...
30
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6answers
13k views

Is putting money in a 401(k) plan risky?

I've been working for a company that offers me a MassMutual 401(k) plan as a benefit. The employer's match is 50% of my contribution. I've contributed 3% of my gross salary to the plan, and planning ...
0
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2answers
175 views

401k Taxes (USA) — Traditional vs Roth (not IRA)

Good afternoon, Looking for the 401k tax pros out there. I have four primary 401k tax related questions: 1) Income Tax Bracket at Retirement: When retiring and "cashing out" on a trad 401k: I ...
3
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1answer
54 views

Can I invest in both SEP IRA and IRA or solo 401(k) if i've worked in W2 for few months and as an independent contractor for the rest of the year?

I worked as a W-2 employee from Jan-Mar and became an independent contractor from Sep this year.My employer did not provide me 401(k) or any benefits. I received around 18K after tax from W2 and I'm ...
4
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1answer
214 views

Is the Thrift Savings Plan a 401k plan, a 403b plan, a 457 plan, or none of the above?

Is the Thrift Savings Plan a 401k plan, a 403b plan, a 457 plan, or none of the above? If it is none of the above, then where are the rules and regulations of the plan defined if not in the U.S. Code?
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3answers
204 views

When do we have to pay the tax for 401K withdrawals?

I am planning to withdraw money from my 401K to use it for down payment on a house. The question is, when do I have to pay the tax? If I withdraw it in 2020 after I file my tax return, would I pay the ...
2
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2answers
131 views

Am I eligible to be fully vested?

I have worked for a company in Illinois for a little more than 2 years and was layoff in 2016 in a "mass layoffs" of 37 employees. My 401K shows two balances: Vested balance: $25,651 and Current ...
4
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2answers
188 views

IRA limits with employer 401K

My wife and I both work and both our employers offer 401K plans. When I first started my job 4 years ago they had a policy that required you to work for 1 year before you could start making ...
0
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0answers
168 views

Am I on the right track? Feedback welcome!

Here's my situation: 43 y/o, married w/ two kids under 10. I'm in a defined benefit program and I have a formula where I can retire at 60 with 2% of my highest salary times the number of service ...
2
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3answers
222 views

Are the fees on this 401k plan too much?

My employer uses a relatively new company called "Human Interest" for our 401(k)s. I have 401(k) accounts with Fidelity and TransAmerica from former employers, and I'm trying to decide which is best. ...
2
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2answers
118 views

Does your 401k provider stop you when you hit your max?

In general, I was wondering who is responsible for keeping track of when a normal, employer-sponsored 401k account has hit its pre-tax contribution limits for a year. I assume that, in the end, the ...
2
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3answers
72 views

In-kind transfer for a traditional 401(k) to IRA rollover

I'm rolling over a 401(k) that is holding only VIVLX, a Vanguard target date fund, to a brokerage. It's not proprietary but it is the institutional class of the fund, so my brokerage minimum for ...
2
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0answers
57 views

What to do if company is not honoring vesting schedule in Pension Protection Act?

Let's say someone works for a company that lets employees contribute to a 401k, and the employer offers a match. Based on my read of the 2006 Pension Protection Act (beginning on p. 2 of the linked ...
7
votes
1answer
436 views

What will happen to my 401k money if I leave USA permanently?

I am 33 years old and currently employed in USA on a work visa. I am contributing to my employer provided 401k plan since 4 years. I might be moving back to my home country once I max out my current ...
1
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3answers
249 views

Reasons to invest in 401k vs pay off loan in 1 year?

I have ~$70k across 401k and Roth IRA. I have federal student loan at $17k with 3.8%. Thus, my NW is $53k. If I choose to invest $19k into my 401k and assume the average rate of return of 7%, my 401k ...
1
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1answer
89 views

What is “IRS compliance testing” for terminated 401k plans?

I have a 401k through a previous employer. That employer recently ceased operations, and as part of that, terminated their 401k plan. As such, the employer directed myself and other employees to fill ...
0
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4answers
245 views

Refinancing student loans in the context of an impending recession

I am a 23 year old, employed, Software Engineer working for a startup in an inexpensive city in the United States. I make $71k/year plus stock options that incrementally vest over 3 years. I have no ...
1
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2answers
128 views

basic retirement planning for someone middle-aged

I'm in my early 40s and haven't done anything for retirement yet. I do own some property which I plan to sell later this year, and I'm planning to use the proceeds to plan for retirement. The proceeds ...
3
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1answer
213 views

Is it typical to wait 19 months for first employer 401K contribution?

I want to understand if these policies would be considered typical, better than average, or below average. An employer offers a matching contribution to 401K, details are: 0% vested in employer ...
4
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1answer
189 views

Can my employer make me forfeit Safe Harbor match if I over contribute?

My employer 401k plan offers 'after tax non Roth' contributions, in addition to traditional pre-tax and Roth. I chose to max out my pre-tax contributions at $19,000 this year and then switch to '...
4
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2answers
301 views

Does a 401(k) loan count as debt when calculating Debt-to-Income Ratio?

Does a regular 401(k) loan count as debt when calculating one's Debt-to-income ratio when applying for a mortgage? The loan is within the organization that manages the 401(k), and it does not show in ...
24
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5answers
16k views

401(k) investment after being fired. Do I own it?

A friend was released from their job after 4 years, not vested. I understand 5 years are required to be vested. Are they entitled to the contributions they made to the 401(k)?
2
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1answer
99 views

Fidelity 401(k) investment

I have started investing in a 401(k) recently. I have few questions on how Fidelity 401k investments work. Choosing Investments: Let's say I didn't choose any investment options, does that mean my ...
13
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9answers
5k views

Should I increase my 401(k) contributions, or increase my mortgage payments

I have about $150k remaining to pay on my mortgage. There are 7 years left at a 3% interest rate, then after that the rate goes variable and increases to about 10%+. There's no penalty for paying the ...
3
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0answers
63 views

HCE Excess Refund on 401k Plan

This year, I received a letter from the company I worked for notifying me that they did not pass the 401k non discrimination test. As a highly-compensated employee, I received an excess refund check ...
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2answers
115 views

Tax on IRA and 401K to Roth conversion

I have a 403b account with my employer, a simple IRA account, a SEP IRA account, and a Roth IRA account. My wife has a simple IRA account, a Roth IRA account and a rollover IRA account from a previous ...
8
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4answers
4k views

Why is my 401k manager recommending me to save more?

I am currently contributing enough to hit the limit (~$18000) per year and get a match of 100% for 4% of it. My 401k provider (Fidelity) just sent me a quarterly progress email and suggests that I ...
12
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3answers
5k views

Should I prioritize my 401(k) over my student loans?

Lately things have been a bit tight. Between student loan payments, my HSA, my 401(k) and bills my account balance isn't going up or down, its stagnant. I am wondering if I should decrease my savings ...
1
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0answers
155 views

What recourse do I have if I was auto-enrolled into an employer's 401k plan despite opting out?

I started my new job on April 1, 2019 and at the first meeting with my manager I asked my new manager how I could dis-enroll or un-enroll from the 401K plan rather than be auto-enrolled @ 4%. He didn'...
5
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2answers
231 views

Employer overpaid me by mistake and wants the gross pay back, including 401K contribution and taxes

My last week's pay at my former employer was paid out twice. They want their money back, which I will gladly do, but here is the problem: Part of the gross pay went to my 401K (no company match ...
5
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2answers
184 views

401(k) seems to be in 'limbo'?

I have worked for a large multinational in the US for many years and whilst working with them, I have built up a sum of money in a 401(k) with Fidelity. However, about 2 years ago, my division within ...
3
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0answers
136 views

Should a Canadian working in the USA, invest in a 401k, Roth IRA, Traditional IRA, and/or RRSP?

I have a cousin who is a Canadian citizen working in the USA, asking me about the Canadian RRSP. However being an American I am more familiar with 401k, Roth IRA, and Traditional IRA. 1) From ...
3
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2answers
215 views

Borrowing against 401k for first home - things to watch

There is a general advice that borrowing against 401k is to be avoided. When I was looking at related questions here in SE I found a few discussions where some experts challenged the generality. For ...
3
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1answer
74 views

401k / Foreign Tax Credit

I am resident in the UK. My Wife is also resident in the UK, but is a US citizen. I'm 40 years old. We file a joint US tax return each year, and we file 1116 against all of my UK earnings. I have ...
13
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3answers
3k views

Is it wise to pay off mortgage with 401k?

I've been considering paying off my mortgage with my 401k balance. Some particulars, I'm in WA state in the US, and I'll turn 60 in about a week. I have enough in my 401k with my current employer to ...
8
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3answers
2k views

I'm attempting to understand my 401k and how much I need to contribute to maximize the match

I pretty much put the entire question in the title. My company's 401k is the following: Your employer matching contribution is equal to 100% of your employee deferrals up to 1% of eligible ...
10
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7answers
4k views

Should one save up to purchase a house/condo or maximize their 401(k) first?

On the one hand, it seems like 401k with employee matching is one of the best investments you could possibly make. On the other hand, paying rent to a landlord is an ongoing loss compared to living in ...
6
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1answer
279 views

If a non-citizen non-US-resident withdraws from their 401k, are they taxed based on their US income or worldwide income?

This is a follow-up to my previous question. Let's say you spend 10 years in the US as a non-US citizen and end up saving up $150k in your 401k fund. After 10 years you finish your employment and ...
38
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4answers
10k views

Why is there a cap on 401k contributions?

In theory, the government wants everyone to save up as much as possible for retirement so that citizens don't end up starving when they're no longer able to work. But in practice there is a limit of ...
4
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4answers
593 views

Those retiring early - what other steps can I take to ensure retirement at 50?

I want to retire early (am 40 - want to retire by 50). For those who have done it in and around that time (without inheriting a ton of money from someone) what steps or things can I do to help make ...
9
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3answers
413 views

Does it make sense to start saving into a 401k, if you might move out of the US before retirement?

Contributions to 401k funds are subject to a 10% penalty if taken out before the age of 59.5. Presuming my employer has a 401k matching program, does it make sense to contribute to a 401k if I might ...
0
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1answer
75 views

401k catch up contributions for HCEs - can my company forbid these?

I am currently restricted to a 9.5% contribution rate to my 401k due to imposed limits by my company for HCEs (apparently we failed a test last year). My CFO is telling me that it is illegal for them ...
5
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2answers
739 views

Why do 401k up to company match, then fill Roth IRA, then finish filling 401k?

Places like NerdWallet and the FI/RE community on Reddit suggest contributing to a 401k up to the company match (if one is offered), then maxing out a Roth IRA, and then going back and continuing to ...
2
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0answers
44 views

Quitting working - where to put 401k money? [duplicate]

My spouse is considering becoming a stay-at-home parent. They currently work and have a 401k. If they do leave their job, and want to rollover the 401k, what's the best investment vehicle to choose? ...
10
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3answers
2k views

401(k) cost basis

My first 401(k) started in the early 1990s with some employer matching funds. Since then, there have rollovers, more 401(k)s, and lost records. Aside from a really rough estimate, what happens when ...
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0answers
45 views

Can I roll over 401k without leaving job, into personal IRA [duplicate]

I am younger than 40. Can I move my current employer-sponsored 401k funds to a personal IRA, without penality, and without leaving the company?