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If a company's earnings keep rising and the stock price keeps falling because of other factors such as lawsuits, tariffs etc., is there any guarantee that the price will rise eventually? When does this correction usually happen and how long would it take?

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    Do you not remember Enron? – Robert Longson Jul 25 '18 at 17:22
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    I think that the OP is referring to legitimate accounting rather than cooked books :->) – Bob Baerker Jul 25 '18 at 19:34
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    "Is there any guarantee that the price will rise eventually?" The only guarantees are death and taxes. Everything else is subject to interpretation. – Bob Baerker Jul 25 '18 at 19:36
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is there any guarantee that the price will rise eventually?

Absolutely not. There is no guarantee of anything in the business world.

A stock's price should be based on future expectation of earnings (real cash earnings, not just "accounting" earnings), not past earnings. So even if a company posts earnings growth in the past, things like tariffs and lawsuits as mentioned in your question can certainly reduce future earning potential.

  • "price should be based on ....." I think even that is controversial. The only "actual" value of a stock is that in theory if you get enough of the paper, you can gain some or all control of the company. – Fattie Jul 25 '18 at 17:12
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Firstly guarantee is a strong word; you should think of the market price of a stock as an offer to sell. Rationally speaking if the value is less than the price you should not buy and if the value is more than price you should buy. There some basis in fundamentals for the price, but it is mostly psychology.

If you can speculate the lawsuits, tariffs and the like to blow over then you can speculate that it is possible to likely the price will recover eventually, though this may be a long time or the company may go bankrupt in that time. To quote Keynes: "Markets can remain irrational longer than you can remain solvent."

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Theoretically, a price includes current expectations. The price would only rise if the performance of the company, in some respect, exceeds current expectations. It's entirely possible that the rise in future earnings and perhaps even a decrease in lawsuits and tariffs is already priced in and so when the expected happens, the price will not change significantly. You can even have an increase in earnings and still see the price drop if the increase in earnings was less than expected.

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