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How would a person factor using personal assets for starting a business?

For example, the owner's personal car, cell phone, and laptop will be used as initial equipment, but the owner will also continue using these items for personal use.

I understand that usage will need to be accounted for, and the percentage of business use vs personal use can be deducted from taxes.

But would it be necessary to count those items as initial capital contributions in order to be deducted, and who would own the item if counted as initial capital?

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  • I asked here because I wasn't sure exactly which category this would fall under - legal, money, etc. I started here because of the possible legal implications based on the distribution of the property. But I can close it if it doesn't fit. – Cee721 Jul 18 '18 at 23:04
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    Who owns it and how you can deduct it depends a lot on the business structure, like LLC, C-Corp, S-Corp, LLP, number of members, etc. – Ron Beyer Jul 19 '18 at 0:48
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In U.S. tax law, tangible personal property of a business that is not inventory, gives rise to a deduction for depreciation over a certain number of years, or can be "expensed" in the year acquired which is what applies to most small, not very capital intensive businesses.

To depreciate or expense an item of tangible personal property, it must be owned by the corporation, limited liability company (with more than one member), limited partnership or limited liability partners (to name some common examples).

If the business is a sole proprietorship or single member LLC, the entity is disregarded for tax purposes, so title to the property is immaterial.

It would be better practice for general partnership property to be titled in the name of the partnership, but that is not a firm requirement.

If business property is instead owned personally by the business owner or manager, there used to be two options - an itemized deduction for unreimbursed business expenses or treating the tangible personal property as rented by the company in which it is used. The itemized deduction option, however, was largely eliminated in tax legsilation passed in December of 2017 effective January 1, 302

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