Absolutely, and that's exactly what will happen.
You may use Form 1040X to amend a 1040 tax return for up to three years after the due date of the initial filing. For instance you may amend your 2017 taxes as late as April 17, 2021. You are at?missed? the time limit to amend 2014 taxes (April 15 2015 + 3 years, but April 15 2018 is a Sunday, so maybe tomorrow will suffice.) If you are tardy, you can try writing an excuse, but don't get your hopes up. A procedural excuse like "I was recently assigned as executor" might work.
Don't forget to amend the state tax returns as well. They sometimes have a longer "statute of limitations" than the Federal, so you might still have a swing at 2014.
It's easiest to create two "scratchpad" versions of that year's (not this year's!) 1040 form:
- that captures the numbers as actually filed (even if those were on a Form 1040EZ, 1040A, or some sort of e-"file" thingie.
- That has the numbers as you want them -- you can just use the first 1040 and colored pencil if you want.
The 1040X will ask you a lot of questions about the differences between the two forms. This is easy-peasy if you do those scratchpads. Otherwise it can be hard to understand what they're asking and source the correct numbers.