Also, anyone who knew about the de-listing ahead of time would be in a
position to make a lot of money
The fact is, we all know about the delisting well ahead of the time that it actually takes place.
The primary factor in the decision of, at least the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) to delist is that a security's price closed below $1.00 for 30 consecutive trading days.
Why would a stock’s price drop to below $1.00 and stay there consistently? It is because investors, the public, no longer have confidence in the long-term prospects of the company. The panic selling has already taken place.
In the USA, all publicly traded corporations must file audited financial statements with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Well before delisting, we have all seen the declining sales, the mounting losses, the write-offs and the increasing debt. We’ve seen the quarterly earnings reports miss the analysts estimates. We’ve seen the stock price declining steadily even as the overall market increases. We’ve sold our stock at bargain basement prices.
When we look at the prices of options, we soon discover that the risk of the stock going to zero is already priced in. Moreover, the options are very thinly traded, meaning that almost no-one wants to bet with you whether the price will get to 75¢ or 50¢.
When the delisting is announced, it not a surprise to anyone. It is a nail in the coffin.