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I have 401(k) through work that gets contributed monthly and it has maxed out contributions for the year ($18K).

My wife doesn't have 401(k) and is self employed. If she opens 401(k) at the end of the year (November) can she contribute up to the maximum $18K in one payment and will contribution count tax free? Or is there some rule how much you can contribute per month?

Context: She made more than $18k for this year. We are filing jointly total income will be $200k+

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    Many 401k plans have a maximum of a paycheck that you can contribute, around 75-80%, and sometimes not bonuses. – CQM Oct 31 '17 at 1:20
  • I believe the limit is 25 or 40% for a SE retirement account. The limits are higher because they combine the individual and employer limits – Eric Oct 31 '17 at 6:09
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Yes you con contribute as much as possible (subject to company policies); there is no restriction from the IRS as to when during the year you can contribute. I have known people that did not contribute during the year and just contributed their entire Christmas bonus in December.

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