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So a little info for starters: as said in the topic, I'm 28 years old and come from a quite well-off family. I actually earn quite a lot of money myself, but I never get to use it - I spend at most 1/3 of my salary, and as it's getting better and better each year, I'm probably gonna spend even smaller fraction. Up until now, I just left any excess money on a savings account (I know it's probably one of the worst uses for leftover money, but I don't really feel the need to earn more and my financial expertise is close to null).

Note that I come from Eastern Europe, and in this country the average salary is about $1000/month, to give you perspective.

Now, due to some unforseen events, I have inherited:

  • a large sum of money (a bit above $250,000)
  • 2 large houses and 2 large apartments (every estate is in different major city)
  • 3 plots of land (each around 10ha) - one borders the soon-to-be-expanded motorway, so I guess I will have to sell it to "the man" anyway; second is near a semi-popular tourist area with a lake; third one is just an old oak forest
  • 2 cars (each worth over $60,000)
  • various collections of books, gold coins, stuff like that, which I guess are worth something also

I have an apartment myself, an old trusty car, a bit over $55,000 in my savings account, no debts, a credit card I use only to build my credit score (although I'm not quite sure why would I need it). I also have no wife or children yet.

Now the easiest way I see to deal with that is just sell everything I inherited and dump them money into savings account - but that is probably not the smartest thing to do. I also am aware that there are many people or institutions that would gladly "help" me manage that money and probably lose it all in a year or so.

I was thinking about donating to science projects or charity like animal shelters, but it also feels somewhat irresponsible to throw all that away.

I'm asking for a bit of insight of what would one do with unexpected wealth like this, since maybe it's time to learn the financial dos and don'ts.

closed as too broad by Grade 'Eh' Bacon, Dheer, Michael, Nathan L, dg99 Oct 17 '17 at 22:38

Please edit the question to limit it to a specific problem with enough detail to identify an adequate answer. Avoid asking multiple distinct questions at once. See the How to Ask page for help clarifying this question. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

  • As said, I have my own apartment I bought, and those estates are in different cities than the one I live in. – Yuropoor Oct 16 '17 at 21:01
  • Ah, missed that you had your own. – Kevin Oct 16 '17 at 21:09
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  • The main difference between this question and the linked one, is that your assets are spread over many different things. My recommendation on that would be to delay making big decisions such as selling land and buildings, particularly as you may have an emotional connection (ie: a summer home) that is more important than the cash value. It seems like you have a lot of money, but as you say you could run out if you act irresponsibly. Think about your financial goals [family, early retirement, start your own business, etc.], and consider getting a fee-only advisor who can help you get there. – Grade 'Eh' Bacon Oct 16 '17 at 21:13
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We don't have a good answer for how to start investing in . We do have good answers for the more general case, which should also work in Poland. E.g. Best way to start investing, for a young person just starting their career?

This answer provides a checklist of things to do. Let's see how you're doing:

  1. Match on work pension plan.
    You don't mention this. May not apply in Poland, but ask around in case it does. Given your income, you should be doing this if it's available.

  2. Emergency savings.
    You have plenty. Either six months of spending or six months of income. Make sure that you maintain this. Don't let us talk you into putting all your money in better long term investments.

  3. High interest debt.
    You don't have any. Keep up the good work.

  4. Avoid PMI on mortgage.
    As I understand it, you don't have a mortgage. If you did, you should probably pay it off. Not sure if PMI is an issue in Poland.

  5. Roth IRA.
    Not sure if this is an issue in Poland. A personal retirement account in the US.

  6. Additional 401k.
    A reminder to max out whatever your work pension plan allows. The name here is specific to the United States. You should be doing this in whatever form is available.

After that, I disagree with the options. I also disagree with the order a bit, but the basic idea is sound: one time opportunities; emergency savings; eliminate debt; maximize retirement savings. Check with a tax accountant so as not to make easily avoidable tax mistakes.

You can use some of the additional money for things like real estate or a business. Try to keep under 20% for each. But if you don't want to worry about that kind of stuff, it's not that important. There's a certain amount of effort to maintain either of those options. If you don't want to put in the effort to do that, it makes sense not to do this.

If you have additional money split the bulk of it between stock and bond index funds. You want to maintain a mix between about 70/30 and 75/25 stocks to bonds. The index funds should be based on broad indexes. They probably should be European wide for the most part, although for stocks you might put 10% or so in a Polish fund and another 15% in a true international fund.

Think over your retirement plans. Where do you want to live? In your current apartment? In a different apartment in the same city? In one of the places where you inherited property? Somewhere else entirely? Also, do you like to vacation in that same place?

Consider buying a place in the appropriate location now (or keeping the one you have if it's one of the inherited properties). You can always rent it out until then. Many realtors are willing to handle the details for you.

If the place that you want to retire also works for vacations, consider short term rentals of a place that you buy. Then you can reserve your vacation times while having rentals pay for maintenance the rest of the year.

As to the stuff that you have now:

  • various collections of books, gold coins, stuff like that, which I guess are worth something also

Look that over and see if you want any of it. You also might check if there are any other family members that might be interested. E.g. cousins, aunts, uncles, etc. If not, you can probably sell it to a professional company that handles estate sales. Make sure that they clear out any junk along with the valuable stuff.

Consider keeping furniture for now. Sometimes it can help sell a property.

  • 2 cars (each worth over $60,000)

You might check if you want to drive either of them. If not, the same applies, check family first. Otherwise, someone will buy them, perhaps on consignment (they sell for a commission rather than buying and reselling).

  • 3 plots of land

There's no hurry to sell these. Think over whether you might want them.

  • 2 large houses and 2 large apartments (every estate is in different major city)

Consider if they hold any sentimental value to you or someone else. If not, sell them. If there's any difficulty finding a buyer, consider renting them out. You can also rent them out if you want time to make a decision. Don't leave them empty too long. There's maintenance that may need done, e.g. heat to keep water from freezing in the pipes.

  • a large sum of money (a bit above $250,000)

That's easy, just invest that.

I wouldn't get in too much of a hurry to donate to charity. You can always do that later. And try to donate anonymously if you can. Donating often leads to spam, where they try to get you to donate more.

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