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If I own shares of a company, am I entitled to apply as position of CEO? Who decides?

Do I have more clout within the corporation to gain positions of work in the company than a non-holder? What kind of basic clout or advantages come with owning shares and working within?

I'd like to think there's some socio-corporate or investor-relationship advantage to working or having the option to work in certain positions in said company -- especially by privilege or total outstanding share ownership numbers.

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    Another way to look at it would be to ask: "I have a vote in the US election. Does that mean I am entitled to apply as president?" The answer is yes, you can run a campaign and try to be president, but your single vote / a few shares isn't really going to make it happen for you. – Grade 'Eh' Bacon Sep 26 '17 at 18:45
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    If you have enough shares in the company to hold majority control, I suppose you could force the vote to make you CEO, though there may still be legal obstacles. – Vality Sep 26 '17 at 19:40
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    @Vality It is typically very common for a majority shareholder to be the CEO of a company. Whether it is in that person's / the company's best interest for that to happen, is another question. If the majority shareholder elects nothing but "yes-men" to the Board of Directors, then there may be minimal oversight over the performance of the CEO. Typically corporate law in a jurisdiction will prevent the CEO from, for example, defrauding the remaining shareholders through malicious actions, but incompetence causing the collapse of a company is a hard thing to prove. – Grade 'Eh' Bacon Sep 26 '17 at 19:53
  • On your last paragraph, one major worry regarding CEOs who do own a large portion of company stock is if they will prioritize short-term profits to raise the stock's value and then try to sell & leave as opposed to what the rest of the board may want such as longer-term investments – user2813274 Sep 27 '17 at 2:40
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    @user2813274 ... whereas any other CEO or manager might even obtain boni and a golden handshake as good-bye for detrimental decisions – Hagen von Eitzen Sep 27 '17 at 4:32
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In its basic form, a corporation is a type of 'privileged democracy'.

Instead of every citizen having a vote, votes are allocated on the basis of share ownership. In the most basic form, each share you own gives you 1 vote. In most public companies, very few shareholders vote [because their vote is statistically meaningless, and they have no particular insight into what they want in their Board]. This means that often the Board is voted in by a "plurality" [ie: 10%-50%] of shareholders who are actually large institutions (like investment firms or pension funds which own many shares of the company).

Now, what do shareholders actually "vote on"? You vote to elect individuals to be members of the Board of Directors ("BoD"). The BoD is basically an overarching committee that theoretically steers the company in whatever way they feel best represents the shareholders (because if they do not represent the shareholders, they will get voted out at the next shareholder meeting). The Board members are typically senior individuals with experience in either that industry or a relevant one (ie: someone who was a top lawyer may sit on the BoD and be a member of some type of 'legal issues committee'). These positions typically pay some amount of money, but often they are seen as a form of high prestige for someone nearing / after retirement. It is not typically a full time job. It will typically pay far, far less than the role of CEO at the same company.

The BoD meets periodically, to discuss issues regarding the health of the company. Their responsibility is to act in the interests of the shareholders, but they themselves do not necessarily own shares in the company. Often the BoD is broken up into several committees, such as an investment committee [which reviews and approves large scale projects], a finance committee [which reviews and approves large financial decisions, such as how to get funding], an audit committee [which reviews the results of financial statements alongside the external accountants who audit them], etc.

But arguably the main role of the BoD is to hire the Chief Executive Officer and possibly other high level individuals [typically referred to as the C-Suite executives, ie Chief Financial Officer, Chief Operating Officer, etc.] The CEO is the Big Cheese, who then typically has authority to rule everyone below him/her. Typically there are things that the Big Cheese cannot do without approval from the board, like start huge investment projects requiring a lot of spending.

So the Shareholders own the company [and are therefore entitled to receive all the dividends from profits the company earns] and elects members of the Board of Directors, the BoD oversees the company on the Shareholders' behalf, and the CEO acts based on the wishes of the BoD which hires him/her.

So how do you get to be a member of the Board, or the CEO? You become a superstar in your industry, and go through a similar process as getting any other job. You network, you make contacts, you apply, you defend yourself in interviews.

The shareholders will elect a Board who acts in their interests. And the Board will hire a CEO that they feel can carry out those interests. If you hold a majority of the shares in a company, you could elect enough Board members that you could control the BoD, and you could then be guaranteed to be hired as the CEO. If you own, say, 10% of the shares you will likely be able to elect a few people to the Board, but maybe not enough to be hired by the Board as the CEO.

Short of owning a huge amount of a company, therefore, share ownership will not get you any closer to being the CEO.

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    This is a great explanation and should be the answer but it's probably worth pointing out that shareholders can get to vote on a lot more things than just the members of the BoD. – Koen vd H Sep 26 '17 at 21:51
  • @KoenvdH except in the case of garbage non-voting shares, like the entire public offering of SNAP. – quid Sep 26 '17 at 22:30
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    @quid note that not all non-voting shares are garbage (although some are). Preferential shares give up the voting rights in exchange for a guaranteed dividend. – MD-Tech Sep 27 '17 at 11:29
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    There's a big practical difference between being a shareholder in a large public company and a small private company. In a small company, it's quite possible for someone in management to own 20% or 40% of the company and/or for someone owning 20% or 40% of the company to get into management directly. In this scenario usually the board will consist of actual owners, and they'll directly decide what they want to do with the company that they own, control and directly manage. – Peteris Sep 27 '17 at 12:34
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    You also can DEMAND a place on the board if your votes allow for it. 5% is a blocking minority with VETO rights to certain decisions. – TomTom Sep 27 '17 at 16:06
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You can apply for a position with any company you like, whether or not you are a shareholder.

However, owning shares in a company, even lots of shares in a company, does not entitle you to having them even look at your resume for any job, let alone the CEO position.

You generally cannot buy your way into a job. The hiring team, if they are doing their job correctly, will only hire you if you are qualified for the job, not based on what your investments are.

Stockholders get a vote at the shareholders' meeting and a portion of the profits (dividend), and that's about it. They usually don't even get a discount on products, let alone a job.

Of course, if you own a significant percentage of the stock, you can influence the selections to the board of directors. With enough friends on the board, you could theoretically get yourself in the CEO position that way.

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If I own shares of a company, am I entitled to apply as position of CEO?

Sure, but anybody else can apply too.

Who decides?

The corporate board of directors, who are nominally chosen by a vote of the stockholders. I say nominally, because in practice they are nominated by the current CEO and it's very rare for stockholders to veto the CEO's choice. Once in a while a group of stockholders will nominate their own candidate for the board, but they rarely win.

I'd like to think there's some socio-corporate or investor-relationship advantage to working or having the option to work in certain positions in said company -- especially by privilege or total outstanding share ownership numbers.

Why? Simply holding a large number of shares doesn't necessarily mean you know anything about running the business.

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