There are certain criteria that must be met in order to file for Chapter 7 bankruptcy. However, to answer your questions:
Yes, you can wipe tax debt if and only if all the following are true:
- The taxes are income taxes. Taxes other than income, such as payroll taxes or fraud penalties, can never be eliminated in
- You did not commit fraud or willful evasion. If you filed a fraudulent tax return or otherwise willfully attempted to evade
paying taxes, such as using a false Social Security number on your
tax return, bankruptcy can't help.
- The debt is at least three years old. To eliminate a tax debt, the tax return must have been originally due at least three years
before you filed for bankruptcy.
- You filed a tax return. You must have filed a tax return for the debt you wish to discharge at least two years before filing for
bankruptcy. (In most courts, if you file a late return (meaning your
extensions have expired and the IRS filed a substitute return on your
behalf), you have not filed a "return" and cannot discharge the tax.
In some courts, you can discharge tax debt that is the subject of a
late return as long as you meet the other criteria.)
- You pass the "240-day rule." The income tax debt must have been assessed by the IRS at least 240 days before you file your bankruptcy
petition, or must not have been assessed yet. (This time limit may be
extended if the IRS suspended collection activity because of an offer
in compromise or a previous bankruptcy filing.)
However, this will not wipe out prior recorded tax liens. So it'll stop the IRS from going after your wages, but it won't wipe an existing lien on your property.
As for capital losses:
The amount of discharge debt excluded from income reduces the debtor’s
or estate’s tax attributes in the following order:
- Capital losses and carryovers. This includes any capital loss for the discharge’s tax year and any capital loss carryover under IRC
1212 of the discharge year.
As always, the things you read on the internet are not always true. My best advice is to speak to a bankruptcy lawyer.