The FDIC deposit insurance limit is $250,000 per depositor.

Let's say I have $350,000 in my savings account and a loan with an outstanding principal of $200,000. The accounts are with the same bank.

If the bank folds, and depositors need to seek relief from the FDIC, what is my total balance afterward? Do I lose the excess $100,000 in my savings account, and I still owe $200,000 on the loan? Or is the excess deducted from the loan, so I end up with $250,000 in savings and $100,000 left on the loan?

  • 1
    Has a situation ever arisen where a borrower needed to seek relief from the FDIC. IIRC in ~2009 failed banks were simply chopped up (breaking off the bad debts) then sold leaving depositors alone. I'm actually not aware of any depositor who lost money regardless of deposit amount due to bank failure. However, my understanding is that your debt would not be changed if a bank failed and you had part of your deposits wiped out.
    – quid
    Apr 18, 2017 at 20:11
  • Past performance is no guarantee of future results. But that is reassuring, thank you.
    – John Wu
    Apr 18, 2017 at 20:14
  • There are ways to exceed the $250K. for one Open a joint account: A, B and A+B takes you to $750K; or just move the excess to a different bank. Apr 18, 2017 at 20:24
  • @quid I do not know how much was ultimately recovered, but if you had deposits in excess of insurance in IndyMac, you would have waited longer to get the excess than the insured funds, "You will eventually recover some of your uninsured funds." fdic.gov/bank/individual/failed/indymac_q_and_a.html#Uninsured Apr 19, 2017 at 1:02
  • fdic.gov/consumers/banking/facts/borrowers.html. Not sure on the mechanics of “set off” that is mentioned. Apr 19, 2017 at 1:10

1 Answer 1


No, in a bank failure, deposit insurance limits are related to deposits only; deposits are a bank's liability.

A loan would be sold or assumed as part of the bank failure's resolution; loans are included in the bank's assets.

  • It is a good idea to quote from a link. It makes an answer better, and it also makes sure that the value remains even if the link rots. Mar 15, 2021 at 11:19

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