You may have state or local (county, city) income taxes depending on where you work. In addition, if you are working in the U.S. on a short-term visa, there may be special exemptions I am unaware of (not subject to social security and medicare tax?). Ignoring those for the moment, the federal tax liability for a U.S. resident with that income:
Here is the official Internal Revenue Service tax withholding estimate calculator.
With the simplest family situation (unmarried, no children), the first $10,350 of income is not subject to federal income tax in 2016; it will probably be slightly higher for 2017. If you worked for 3 months at $1,700 per month, you would be well under this limit, so would owe no federal income tax at the end of the year.
All wage earners pay 7.65% in social insurance taxes with no exemption, so you could expect to see about $130 per month withheld for this.
At the rate of $1,700 per month, you would earn $20,400 per year. After the $10,350 standard deduction and exemption, this would leave about $10,000 of taxable income subject to a 10% tax rate, for an annual tax liability of about $1,000. A typical employer will withhold tax using formulae which assume that an employee will earn an equal amount in every pay period, and so would withhold approximately $83 per month to cover this expected year-end tax based on a full year's employment. When you filed federal tax forms at the end of the year, you would get a refund of any amount overpaid, but it is money that would be missing from your wallet each month (or every week, every two weeks...) when you got paid.
When you start employment, you fill out a tax form (W-4) with information to help your employer adjust the tax withholding to more closely match your real end-of-year tax liability. According to the tax calculator linked above and with the estimated income you listed, if you specify 5 allowances on your W-4, no tax would be withheld. (Note that just because no tax is withheld and no tax is due at the end of the year does not necessarily mean that you are not obligated to file tax forms to document a net liability of $0.)
In addition, if you are offered housing or other non-cash benefits, those may need to be included in your tax estimation. If your employer provides housing valued at $1,300 per month, you may be taxed based on a monthly income of $3,000 even if only $1,700 of that is in cash.