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I just moved to New York from Toronto, Canada and I'm trying to understand how much I'm going to be taxed on my income. I'm single without any complicated investments. I'm a Canadian citizen in New York on a work visa (TN status). Would I still get taxed in Canada? And could I use the fact that I didn't get paid in the USA for the first 9 months to get a tax return?

  • Whether you maintain ties to Canada (driver's license, health insurance, property or investments) or intend to return soon is relevant to the question. "Residency" for tax purposes can be complex. – Chris W. Rea Oct 30 '15 at 15:19
  • Oof, New York? You got Federal income taxes, NY state income taxes, and if you're in NY city, there's city income taxes too. :-s – Patches Oct 30 '15 at 19:05
  • I can almost guarantee that I'll be considered a Canadian resident. Any ideas how much the additional taxes are? (or where I can find out) – Rob Nov 2 '15 at 14:53
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This question would be better asked before moving, not after.

The Canada Revenue Agency follow a set of rules when they determine if you are a Canadian resident for tax purposes; based on the limited information you provided, you're likely to be subject to Canadian taxes.

As for the US tax return, it is just that -- a return of some of the taxes you already paid back to you. It will be based on what you will have paid in US taxes by the end of the year and your actual US tax obligations at that time.

Your best bet would be to talk to an accountant familiar with cross-border taxation.

  • I can almost guarantee that I'll be considered a Canadian resident. Any ideas how much the additional taxes are? (or where I can find out) – Rob Nov 2 '15 at 14:53
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    Generally, it'll be the same amount you would have paid in Canada from that income, minus whatever US taxes you will have paid, because there is a tax agreement between the two countries. Talk to an accountant. – mustaccio Nov 2 '15 at 14:59

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