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I made a contribution to my Roth IRA and did not know there is an income limit that precludes one from making contributions to Roth IRA if one is over that limit. Now that I discovered this, I have recharacterized the amount as a non-deductible traditional IRA. Am I still eligible to use the backdoor and recharacterize the traditional IRA as Roth IRA effectively undoing everything to begin with? How should I file my taxes if I do this?

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You can certainly (belatedly) use the backdoor (assuming you have no money in pre-tax IRAs of course).

Your terminology is wrong. A "backdoor" Roth IRA contribution involves making a Traditional IRA contribution and then making a conversion from Traditional IRA to Roth IRA. You recharacterized a Roth IRA contribution into a Traditional IRA contribution, so now you have the first step. Now all you need to do is convert the Traditional IRA into Roth IRA. You can certainly do this now (or any later time, but earlier the better).

Note that because of the time gap between the contribution and the conversion, there may be earnings made during this time, which will need to be taxed on conversion, which would not have happened had you done the two steps (contribution and conversion) together initially.

  • what are the tax forms i need to file? – Steve Oct 11 '15 at 18:02
  • @Steve: Well, for the non-deductible Traditional IRA contribution, you need to fill out Form 8606 part 1 for the year the contribution counts under, and for the Roth IRA conversion, you need to fill out Form 8606 part 2 for the calendar year that the conversion happened in. – user102008 Oct 11 '15 at 23:20
  • "Your terminology is wrong. A 'backdoor' Roth IRA contribution involves ... making a conversion from Traditional IRA to Roth IRA. ...Now all you need to do is convert the Traditional IRA into Roth IRA." What is wrong about his terminology? He did the first conversion which got him to the same place as if he'd contributed directly to the Traditional IRA. Then the "backdoor" speaks of the to Roth conversion. – cp.engr Feb 27 '18 at 4:33
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Not this year. Here's what the IRS FAQ on recharacterizations (http://www.irs.gov/Retirement-Plans/Retirement-Plans-FAQs-regarding-IRAs-Recharacterization-of-Roth-Rollovers-and-Conversions) says:

Is there a minimum waiting period to reconvert the money to a Roth IRA following a recharacterization?

Yes, if you recharacterize all or part of a rollover or conversion to a Roth IRA, you cannot reconvert the amount recharacterized to the same or another Roth IRA until the later of:

30 days after the recharacterization, or
the year following the year of the rollover or conversion.

The waiting period to convert applies only to amounts you recharacterized. For example, you can convert amounts from a different traditional IRA to a Roth IRA immediately.

Although the FAQ and the above quote from it only talk about rollovers and conversions, not contributions as is the case in this question, if you look at Publication 590-A, in particular the Recharacterizations section, it talks about recharacterizations of contributions as well.

  • ? Why did you delete this? – JoeTaxpayer Oct 7 '15 at 2:21
  • @JoeTaxpayer Because the FAQ just talks about rollovers and conversions, I didn't know if that included contributions. After further research, it does appear to, so I undeleted. I didn't want to leave a wrong answer sitting out there. – blm Oct 7 '15 at 2:23
  • @blm: Would be good to add to your answer whatever you found that clarified that. I agree the quote you included is somewhat confusing in this context, since it doesn't mention contributions at all. – BrenBarn Oct 7 '15 at 4:10
  • I will mark this answer as "correct" although the correct thing to do is to now convert the traditional IRA into a Roth instead of recharacterizing it again. A recharacterization followed by a conversion is not same as double recharacterization. link – Steve Oct 8 '15 at 1:09
  • This quote is about "reconversions" (i.e. convert from Traditional IRA to Roth IRA, recharacterize to undo the conversion, and then convert again), which is not relevant here at all. – user102008 Oct 10 '15 at 4:57

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