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I am a bit confused about retail sales taxes. Today I bought $4 worth of goods (PowerAde and pudding) and the tax was $0.01, even though my state (Maryland) has a sales tax of 6%.

Why do some goods appear to be tax-free or taxed below the normal rate? Could someone please explain how this works?

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    In New York City, there would be no tax on a bagel. But ask that it be sliced in half, and it's now a prepared food, to which sales tax applies. Go figure. – JTP - Apologise to Monica Jul 22 '15 at 22:32
  • See this Wikipedia article for a summary of exceptions to sales taxes in various US states. There are lots of them. – BrenBarn Jul 23 '15 at 1:02
  • When I lived in Ohio, the law said that food eaten on the store premises was subject to sales tax, but food eaten off premises was not. I presume when they were writing this law they were thinking that food you buy at the grocery store would be untaxed but food at a restaurant would be taxed. But literal application of the law meant that if you bought food at a fast food place "to go", it was not taxed, but if you ate it in the store, it was taxed. So when they asked, "Is that for here or to go?" that really meant "Do you want to pay sales tax?" – Jay Jul 23 '15 at 5:55
  • I will speculate the 0.01 tax is an implementation error in the POS system, where every item you purchased was a nontaxable food. – user662852 Jul 23 '15 at 13:48
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Grocery food is not subject to sales tax in Maryland, but some food is taxed depending on category or preparation. So you must have had a combination of grocery and taxable foods. One of the cheaper items you purchased was subject to a whopping penny of sales tax.

http://taxes.marylandtaxes.com/Individual_Taxes/Taxpayer_Assistance/Individual_Tax_FAQs/Use_Tax_FAQs/q4.shtml

In general, food sales are subject to Maryland's 6 percent sales and use tax unless a person operating a substantial grocery or market business sells the food for consumption off the premises and the food is not a taxable prepared food. A grocery or market business is considered to be "substantial" if the sales of grocery or market food items total at least 10 percent of all food sales.

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States have made sales tax more confusing by expanding some categories and shrinking or eliminating other categories.

In days of old there were taxes on items, and specific taxes on other small categories such as fuel and cigarets . In many states there were taxes implemented state wide, and in other cases they only applied to a specific city or region.

As time went on taxes could be raised to bring in more money for the state or local government, but these tax increase were seen as unfair to the poor. So now the states are modifying and tweaking the tax rates. Some items are tax free, some have a low tax, and some are at the full tax rate.

This can get confusing because the type of store can also play a factor. A bag a chips from a grocery store can be treated differently than a bag of chips from a hotdog stand. Some states have also added special taxes on snack foods.

In general, purchases they want to encourage (staples from the grocery store) are tax free or low tax, items they don't want to encourage (snacks) are fully taxed. You can also be sure that they will treat luxury items as fully taxed.

A new frontier of taxation are ones designed to tax people who don't live there. They have added taxes on restaurants and hotels. Since they are paid by tourists, the people most likely to pay them don't have a voice in setting the rate.

States are now wanting to tax services as a way to make up shortfalls in taxing.

Don't expect consistency from state to state, or year to year.

Oh by the way that penny tax was for something that cost 17 cents or less, unless that item had a lower tax rate. The receipt should clearly identify the taxable items, and their tax level.

  • VT now charges sales tax on ice cream and soda, unless you buy them with food stamps, in which case they become tax free. The revenue just goes to the general fund, so I can only assume VT feels that ice cream and soda for poor people should be subsidized. – Andy Jul 25 '15 at 1:38

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