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Businesses such as Walmart makes tons of short-lived fresh food everyday (Bread, Coffee..etc) and at the end of the day there's so much food left unsold how do they do accounting for those food? Is it OK for businesses to record those things as production overhead?

closed as off-topic by Dheer, Chris W. Rea, ChrisInEdmonton, JohnFx Jun 29 '15 at 14:05

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  • "Questions about accounting are off-topic unless they relate directly to personal finance or investing from an individual's perspective." – Dheer, Chris W. Rea, ChrisInEdmonton, JohnFx
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    "Wastage" is a legitimate accounting category. – keshlam Jun 29 '15 at 3:07
  • k let me read into it.. – Shih-Min Lee Jun 29 '15 at 8:50
  • This is not a personal finance question. – JohnFx Jun 29 '15 at 14:06
  • I wonder if they account for the cost of producing / buying the food, and for the income from selling that food, does anyone care about wastage for tax purposes? You have cost and income, and I would think that is all that counts (except for the fact that the inland revenue might be suspicious if a shop buys 100 TVs and then sells only 50 of them making no profit, and that week after week). – gnasher729 Jun 29 '15 at 19:14
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Any business, like any household, has items that are wasted. Unlike a household, a business does keep track of all items that are unsellable. Depending on the reason for the item being unsellable they are accounted for differently.

  • Items that can be returned to the manufacturer are done so, and the business is given credit for that item. For the business the time spent processing, stocking and restocking that item, plus any time spent handling a return for that customer is harder to track. If they see the percentage of bad items is too large compared to sales they will want to address this with the manufacturer.

  • Items that are spoiled by the business, which will include spoiled food items, will also be tracked. They will examine their choice of products, their procedures for those products and the quantities produced to try an minimize the spoilage. They don't just throw the items away, they keep track of the exact items and their worth. When they have to dispose of meat that has reached their "sell by" date they will actually scan the items into the computer.

  • In some cases products can be transformed into other products: bread into bread pudding; in other situations they are "reduced for quick sale"; in other cases they are donated to a charity or food kitchen. All of this is also tracked.

Of course any losses that the company can't recover by returning items to manufactures or repurposing will be reflected in the price of their items. Stores that can minimize their waste can offer lower prices.

  • either way the wasted part goods are wasted forever and will be recorded as wastage regardless of what happen afterwards right – Shih-Min Lee Nov 2 '15 at 6:27

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