# How to incorporate dividends while calculating annual return of a Stock

When we say that the average annualized return of a stock XYZ over the last 5 yrs is 7%, how do we factor in dividends?

For example, let us say, if XYZ was at 100\$, and at the end of year 1, it was 105 ;

at the end of year 2, it was 110 ;

at the end of year 3, it was 115 ;

at the end of year 4, it was 120 ;

at the end of year 5,it was 125.

And each quarter, it paid a dividend of 1\$/share, then what will be the average annualized return?

You simply add the dividend to the stock price when calculating its annual return.

So for year one, instead of

``````(105-100)/(100) = 5%
``````

it would be

``````(105+4-100)/(100) = 9%
``````
• Thanks, did not realize it was that simple. Mar 22, 2015 at 15:15
• This is only an approximation if the dividends come quarterly. You need to compute quarterly returns in this manner and then use them to get the annual returns. R_annual = (1+R1)(1+R2)(1+R3)(1+R4) -1 Mar 22, 2015 at 17:09
• Yes, but if you're going to incorporate time value into your dividends then you need to know both the time horizon and the dividend pay date Mar 22, 2015 at 17:27
• ... and next step would be to factor in the tax rate so your back-tests yield real-life results. For instance, I would run the full \$4 dividend on tax-shielded accounts, but normal accounts I'd use \$3.60 for an after tax ROI. 8.6% = (105+(4*.9)-100)/(100) Mar 22, 2015 at 20:15