1

I see the stock market as a list of orders which have a type (buy-limit, sell-limit, sell stop-loss, ...) a volume, and a price. Some order types have more parameters, but for simplicity I'd like to look only at limit orders.

Now we have a list like this:

(Type, volume, price)
------------------------
...
(BUY,   100,  9.00 EUR)
(BUY,  9999,  9.50 EUR)
(SELL, 1000,  9.95 EUR)
(BUY,  5000, 10.00 EUR)
(SELL, 4000, 10.05 EUR)
(SELL, 1234, 10.50 EUR)
...

The highest BUY-price is called bid price (10 EUR) and the lowest SELL-price is called ask price (9.95 EUR).

Now I understand if the volume and the amount for a BUY and a SELL order match, then both parties can execute the trade.

But what happens if the price matches, but the volume does not? Is the order partially executed? Are there market participants that take almost matching orders and make them match, e.g. the two SELL orders from above and the one BUY order?

Does it make sense to split big orders into several orders with lower volume?

1

It depends on the conditions attached to your order.

If you place an All Or None (AON) limit order and there aren't enough shares to fill your order at your price then there is no trade execution.

If it's a limit order without the AON stipulation then you get whatever number of shares are available at your limit price and the rest of your order will only be filled if more shares become available at your price.

2
  • Thank you! Is there a name for an order which is not AON? Sep 28 at 16:02
  • That would be a Limit Buy order. Sep 28 at 16:10

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