Having never had anyone clearly explain this to me, I'm trying to figure out how much taxes the government wants me to pay. In particular, I'm confused about the concept of a separate "state tax" (possibly called "federal tax" in English) as opposed to more "local" taxes, and how they relate to each other. Or if it exists at all.
Using the Swedish Tax Agency's website and it's "calculate your tax" tool, by inputting where I live, it dumped this output (translated into English by me):
Municipal tax 17.74 Regional tax 12.08 Burial fee 0.065 Total 29.885
In other words, I apparently have to pay ~30% taxes on any incomes.
But as you can see, there is not one word about "state tax" or "federal tax". This makes me worried to say the least. Is there such a tax and when is it paid?
Also, I'm not sure, but is all of this (various kinds of "income taxes") also separate from "capital gains" taxes?