From what I understand, the term is the length of time the mortgage agreement and interest rate will be in effect and the amortization period is the length of time it’d take to fully pay off the loan. In the case of a fixed loan, lets say a 30 year, wouldn't the interest rate be in effect for the entirety of the 30 years (since its fixed/same) thus meaning that the term is also 30 years (same as the amortization period)?
It is unusual for Canadian mortgages to have the same term and amortization. It's typical to have a 5 year term and a 25 year amortization, for example.
But rather than guessing what the term is (such as thinking, "it's probably the same as the amortization"), the correct thing to do is ask (or look at the offer.) The interest rate will depend on the term, since in a time when rates are moving, holding yours still is either something you need to pay for or be compensated for. This graph is from ratehub, a private site that compares Canadian interest rates:
A government of Canada page that defines words related to mortgages says:
Most mortgage holders in Canada have a mortgage term of 5 years or less, also known as a shorter-term mortgage. The shorter the term, the sooner you renew your mortgage contract.