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The third round of stimulus checks are said to be in the process of being prepared to be sent out to many Americans, with March 17 being said to be the date that many people are supposed to receive their payment via direct deposit.

The IRS is going to use 2020 tax returns where available, or 2019 tax returns where not available. However, we have not yet filed our 2020 tax returns, and we have an additional dependent for 2020 versus 2019 which would result in an additional $1400 for that dependent. It is unclear what the cut-off date is for the IRS using the 2020 returns or if it would be worth it to try to rush to get everything filed or not.

What options are there for claiming the additional dependent to get the additional stimulus amount? Is this something that could be claimed on the 2020 return if the payment arrives before we file? Also, does it make a difference if this dependent was claimed on somebody else's tax return for 2019?

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    Similar to the previous payments, it's a pre-paid refundable tax credit, so you could correct for the additional dependent when you file (not sure about 2020 vs 2021). However, if someone else claimed this dependent, that may complicate things...
    – yoozer8
    Mar 16 at 18:21
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There is no clear "cut-off date"; and even if you did file your tax return before they make the determination, there is no guarantee that they will have processed it by the time they make the determination.

If they send you a 3rd stimulus check amount based on your 2019 tax return, and you would qualify for a bigger amount based on your 2020 tax return, there is a provision in the law for them to send you an additional check for the difference, after the "additional payment determination date", which is 90 days after the 2020 tax return due date.

See the text of the American Rescue Plan Act, section 9601 which deals with the 3rd stimulus payment. It adds 26 USC 6428B. See subsection (g)(5)(B), for the additional payment:

(B) ADDITIONAL PAYMENT.—

(i) IN GENERAL.—In the case of any individual who files, before the additional payment determination date, a return of tax for such individual’s first taxable year beginning in 2020, the Secretary shall make a payment (in addition to any payment made under paragraph (1)) to such individual equal to the excess (if any) of—

(I) the amount which would be determined under paragraph (1) (after the application of subparagraph (A)) by applying paragraph (1) as of the additional payment determination date, over

(II) the amount of any payment made with respect to such individual under paragraph (1).

(ii) ADDITIONAL PAYMENT DETERMINATION DATE.—The term ‘additional payment determination date’ means the earlier of—

(I) the date which is 90 days after the 2020 calendar year filing deadline, or

(II) September 1, 2021.

Paragraph (1) here refers to subsection (g)(1), which provides a stimulus check based on the person's 2019 tax return. Subparagraph (A) refers to subsection (g)(5)(A), which provides for the person's 2020 tax return to be used for those who had filed by the initial payment determination date. So this basically says that, for those who have not filed their 2020 tax return by the initial payment determination date, but did file their 2020 tax return by the additional payment determination date (90 days after due date of 2020 tax returns), they will receive as an additional payment, the difference between what the check would be based on 2020 tax returns, over what they got based on 2019 tax returns.

Of course, if you qualify for even more based on your 2021 tax returns, you can claim a tax credit for the difference on your 2021 tax return (similar to the first two stimulus checks where you can claim a tax credit for the difference on your 2020 tax return).

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