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An employer located in VT (USA) has employees who live in VT and NH. All of these employees were accustomed to commuting, as it is not a job which lends itself easily to remote work. Due ot the pandemic, all employees were required to work from home from March 2020 through August 2020. The employer this week advised its employees who live in NH that they are not required to pay VT income tax on wages they earned from home. This is true, and has been verified on the state website.

If an employee who lives in NH has already filed 2020 taxes, he must now file an amended return and he should expect a refund or reduction in his 2020 taxes, right? But wouldn't he need a corrected W2 from the employer that shows a lower amount of taxable wages in VT? The employer did not offer a corrected W2.

What should this employee do. He filed his own taxes with Turbotax.

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  • Did the employer inform the employer about the dates worked in each state? – user102008 Mar 12 at 4:49
  • @user102008 yes, the employer informed the employees about which dates were worked from home in the way of a pdf of the relevant pay stubs. – nuggethead Mar 12 at 10:37
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The payroll system withholds taxes based on the information on the State and federal W-4 forms along with instructions regarding where the work was done. You don't need a new W-2 unless a number is wrong. The state numbers are based on the W-4 that was active for each paycheck. They are not wrong. The final forms you submit will allocate the funds based on the final reality.

The state income tax forms will want to see how the money that is on the federal lines is split. The numbers on the state line show what was withheld, and the gross income that was used to calculate that withholding.

Your situation isn't any different than a employee who forgets to tell the payroll department that they moved from state A to State B, which in some cases changes the amount of state taxes and where they are sent. They don't get a new/corrected W-2 because none of the numbers have to change.

You will have to redo your state tax forms to reflect the months you didn't have Vermont income. You will use your original W-2.

Because of COVID work issues states are having to address this.

Vermont has done so: Guidance for Remote or Relocated Workers Due to the COVID-19 Pandemic

During “normal” times, I live in (am domiciled in) New Hampshire and drive to Vermont every day for work. Since the beginning of the state of emergency, I am working at my Vermont job remotely from my home in New Hampshire. Do I still need to pay Vermont Income Tax?

Prior to the pandemic, you were required to pay Vermont income tax as a nonresident on the income earned in Vermont. Presently, however, given your New Hampshire domicile and your remote worker status, the income you earn while at home is not Vermont income (even though your employer is still located in Vermont) and is not subject to Vermont income tax.

Regarding which form to use:

Nonresidents with a filing requirement will file Form IN-111, Vermont Income Tax Return and Schedule IN-113, Income Adjustment Calculations.

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  • To answer the original question, how does the employee re-file his taxes without a new W2? – nuggethead Mar 12 at 15:05
  • I emphasized that there is no requirement for a new W-2. – mhoran_psprep Mar 12 at 16:27
  • if there is no new W2 is there another place on the tax form where the employee indicates how much of the years wages were earned while physically working in VT? – nuggethead Mar 12 at 20:09
  • It looks like non-residents and part year resident use forms 111 and 113 – mhoran_psprep Mar 12 at 21:16

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