You are applying the model of sports betting, to something that is in no where related or similar to sports betting.
It is very difficult to know where to start, because you have such a fundamental misunderstanding of what it means to be an investor or even a speculator.
About the closet thing to a "vig" is the commission one pays to trade an instrument or the fee one pays when using an ETF or mutual fund. But even that is far from accurate.
Think about this: The Lakers won the 2020 NBA championship. Nothing will ever change that. You could have bought Apple last week at 122. During that time and now you could have sold as low as 120.38 or as high as 125.05. Those are two very different events and barely scratch the surface at the differences.
You might be tempted to think "so stocks are all about timing". Not at all. A much better winner is the guy who bought five years ago, paying 23 and only paying the "vig" once and still holding the stock today.
He has several advantages:
- He does not have to worry about timing (which is impossible to get correct consistently)
- He can concentrate on his career or business, earning more to have more money to invest
- He pays less commissions
- He does not incur taxable events
Those kinds of things are not applicable to sports betting.
And in my opinion the 5 year Apple investor loses to someone who invests in a boring old S&P500 index fund.
Does sports betting have a way to "bet" money with no insight or intelligence and consistently earn about 10% every year? The stock market does.