Do non-residents get any deductions while filing US taxes? I see they are not allowed the standard deduction. Are they not allowed any other deduction?
Yes, nonresident aliens are allowed certain itemized deductions. See Form 1040-NR Schedule A (which is on page 3 of the 1040-NR form) for a full list of which itemized deductions are allowed for nonresident aliens. If you are using the 1040-NR-EZ simplified form, only the itemized deduction for state or local income taxes is allowed.