You are a tax resident of Germany (the legal term being "unbeschränkt steuerpflichtig") if you have a residence in Germany or spend most of your time in Germany (§1 EStG).
In order to prevent people from being taxed by both Turkey and Germany, there is a treaty between Germany and Turkey with the short and sweet name "Agreement
between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Republic of Turkey for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and of Tax Evasion with respect to taxes on Income" which says:
he shall be deemed to be a resident only of the State in which he has
a permanent home available to him; if he has a permanent home
available to him in both States, he shall be deemed to be a resident
only of the State with which his personal and economic relations are
closer (centre of vital interests);
So if you live in Germany, you are a German tax resident. If you have both a home in Germany and in Turkey, so it's unclear where you live, you are a tax resident in the country where most of your personal and economic life takes place. And because your main and only occupation is being a student in Germany, that would be Germany.
As long as you are not paying income taxes, there is no point in filing your taxes. If you do pay income taxes, then you might not actually be required to file taxes, but it is usually stupid to not do it, because a regular salaryperson has practically always things they can deduct in order to receive some money back.