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I live in New York state (upstate; not NY City) and am wondering which of the following taxes I must pay out of my weekly paycheck:

Income Tax
  Federal
  State
  Local

FICA & State Taxes
  Social Security
  Medicare
  State Disability Insurance Tax
  State Unemployment Insurance Tax
  State Family Leave Insurance Tax
  State Worker's Comp Insurance Tax

Are there any in there that are optional?

Also, and almost more importantly, are there any mandatory taxes that I must pay that are not on that list above?

Thanks in advance!

  • 5
    Since you receive a paycheck, the company handles all that for you. – RonJohn Aug 12 at 7:51
  • I have a feeling some of these taxes are optional, can you look at my list and verify? – hotmeatballsoup Aug 12 at 11:18
  • 4
    I have a feeling some of these taxes are optional - what gives you that feeling? – dwizum Aug 12 at 14:21
  • Are you a US citizen? – mhoran_psprep Aug 12 at 19:30
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Income tax withholdings are only "optional" if you expect to pay no income tax for the entire year (and the previous year). Other than that, the W-4 you fill out gives you a reasonable number of allowances to declare to determine how much tax (if any) should be withheld. They are fairly accurate unless you have unusual circumstances like uneven income, itemized deductions, or uncommon tax credits.

The main thing you can possibly do is bump up your allowances to reduce the amount of tax withheld, but all that means is that you risk underpaying tax throughout the year, which will result in a hefty tax bill (including penalties) when you actually file. Note that it is technically illegal to falsify any information to artificially increase your allowances, and according to this site you can actually be fined for doing so. That doesn't mean that you have to use the answer that the worksheet gives. I have often declared allowances much higher than the worksheet gives because we had a much lower tax bill when itemizing deductions and taking tax credits into account (which the worksheet's don't always handle well). But blatantly false things like lying about your filing status could be fined.

are there any mandatory taxes that I must pay that are not on that list above?

If there are, I would assume your company would deduct those for you. Note that there are many "taxes" that are not taken out of your paycheck, like property tax, gasoline tax, and sales tax.

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