I congratulate you on thinking outside of the box. Another reason to eschew debt, in this life, is it eliminates the need for life insurance which becomes costly in later years. Term life is a great buy, when you and your children are young and the loss of one parent would be devastating to both the surviving spouse and children.
So where will you be in 20 years? If your house is paid off, you drive paid for cars, the kids are out of college, you have a healthy retirement account, healthy emergency fund, and a couple of hundred thousand in a taxable investment account, then what is your life insurance need? Minimal to nothing. The small group life insurance policy that many employers provide may be more than sufficient.
However, if you just freshly refi'd your house, you have two massive car payments, and your retirement is underfunded then your need for insurance will be great. Whole life may make sense for such a person because they are goofing up their finances anyway.
The choice of which of these is you in the future lies within the financial decisions you make today.
To answer your question, yes heirs have a right to choose how inherited tax deferred money is passed to them. They could choose for it to remain tax deferred adding to their own retirement accounts, or, they take it as cash to be spent. Taxes are due if the cash is to be spent. You may want to read up on inherited IRAs.
However, let's consider a different possibility. You are 50, your income has increased, but your mortgage payment has remained the same. While you are subject to inflation, some of your costs have decreased as well. You find it easy to pay off your mortgage earlier than expected. What do you do with the money you were paying toward the mortgage? Sure you can spend some of it, but the bulk of it will go into a taxable brokerage account. Your heirs can spend that in the intervening years between your untimely death and retirement age.
Hopefully you will live to a ripe old age, but it sounds like you are on a good track to provide both yourself and your heirs in the years to come.